Quick Facts about Global Christianity
Finally, the position of Christianity in the world, the relations among its divisions and denominations, its missionary outreach to other peoples, and its relations. In , only % of Brazil's population was Protestant. belonged to only a handful of Protestant denominations: Congregationalist, . influential religious body, with strong links between church, state and national identity. Chart of the 35 Largest Christian Denominations. The following 35 Christian denominations and their membership statistics were taken from the .. and experiencing a personal relationship with God through Jesus Christ.
Guide: Christians in the Middle East
It has consistently rejected polytheism and atheism. A second element of the faith tradition of Christianity, with rare exceptions, is a plan of salvation or redemption.
That is to say, the believers in the church picture themselves as in a plight from which they need rescue. For whatever reasonthey have been distanced from God and need to be saved.
The agent of that redemption is Jesus Christ. It is possible that through the centuries the vast majority of believers have not used the term essence to describe the central focus of their faith. The term is itself of Greek origin and thus represents only one part of the tradition, one element in the terms that have gone into making up Christianity.
Essence refers to those qualities that give something its identity and are at the centre of what makes that thing different from everything else.
List of Christian denominations by number of members
To Greek philosophers it meant something intrinsic to and inherent in a thing or category of things, which gave it its character and thus separated it from everything of different character. Thus, Jesus Christ belongs to the essential character of Christianity and gives it a unique identity.
If most people are not concerned with defining the essence of Christianity, in practice they must come to terms with what the word essence implies. Whether they are engaged in being saved or redeemed on the one hand, or thinking and speaking about that redemption, its agent, and its meaning on the other, they are concentrating on the essence of their experience.
Those who have concentrated from within the faith tradition have also helped to give it its identity.
Christianity | Description, History, Doctrine, & Traditions | cypenv.info
It is not possible to speak of the essence of a historical tradition without referring to how its ideal qualities have been discussed through the ages. Yet one can take up the separate subjects of essence and identity in sequence, being always aware of how they interrelate. A denomination within Christianity can be defined as a "recognized autonomous branch of the Christian Church"; major synonyms include "religious group, sect, Church," etc.What's the Difference between Christian Denominations?
Some traditional and evangelical Protestants draw a distinction between membership in the universal church and fellowship within the local church. Becoming a believer in Christ makes one a member of the universal church; one then may join a fellowship of other local believers.
Each church makes mutually exclusive claims for itself to be the direct continuation of the Church founded by Jesus Christ, from whom other denominations later broke away. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. June Learn how and when to remove this template message Christianity can be taxonomically divided into five main groups: Protestantism includes many groups which do not share any ecclesiastical governance and have widely diverging beliefs and practices.
Christianity has denominational families or movements and also has individual denominations or communions. The difference between a denomination and a denominational family is sometimes unclear to outsiders. Some denominational families can be considered major branches. Groups that are members of a branch, while sharing historical ties and similar doctrines, are not necessarily in communion with one another. There were some movements considered heresies by the early church which do not exist today and are not generally referred to as denominations.
Examples include the Gnostics who had believed in an esoteric dualism called gnosisthe Ebionites who denied the divinity of Jesusand the Arians who subordinated the Son to the Father by denying the pre-existence of Christthus placing Jesus as a created beingBogumilism and Bosnian Church.
The greatest divisions in Christianity today, however, are between the Eastern and Oriental Orthodox, Catholicism, and the various denominations formed during and after the Protestant Reformation. There also exists a number of non-Trinitarian groups. There also exist some non-traditional groups that the majority of other Christians view as apostate or hereticaland not as legitimate versions of Christianity.
Comparisons between denominational churches must be approached with caution. For example, in some churches, congregations are part of a larger church organization, while in other groups, each congregation is an independent autonomous organization. This issue is further complicated by the existence of groups of congregations with a common heritage that are officially nondenominational and have no centralized authority or records, but which are identified as denominations by non-adherents.
Study of such churches in denominational terms is therefore a more complex proposition. Some groups count membership based on adult believers and baptized children of believers, while others only count adult baptized believers. Others may count membership based on those adult believers who have formally affiliated themselves with the congregation.
In addition, there may be political motives of advocates or opponents of a particular group to inflate or deflate membership numbers through propaganda or outright deception. Denominationalism [ edit ] Denominationalism is the belief that some or all Christian groups are legitimate churches of the same religion regardless of their distinguishing labels, beliefs, and practices.
They argued that differences among Christians were inevitable, but that separation based on these differences was not necessarily schism. Christians are obligated to practice their beliefs rather than remain within a church with which they disagree, but they must also recognize their imperfect knowledge and not condemn other Christians as apostate over unimportant matters.
As ofdivisions are becoming less sharp, and there is increasing cooperation between denominations. In these churches, it is not possible to have a separation over doctrinal or leadership issues, and any such attempts automatically are a type of schism.
Some Protestant groups reject denominationalism as well. Protestantism in general, as well as Restorationism in particular, claims a direct connection with Early Christianity. Historical schisms and divisions[ edit ] Christianity has not been a monolithic faith since the first century or Apostolic Ageif ever, and today there exist a large variety of groups that share a common history and tradition within and without mainstream Christianity.
Christianity is the largest religion in the world making up approximately one-third of the population and the various divisions have commonalities and differences in tradition, theologychurch governmentdoctrine, and language. The largest schism or division in many classification schemes is between the families of Eastern and Western Christianity.
After these two larger families come distinct branches of Christianity. Most classification schemes list six in order of size: Roman CatholicismProtestantismEastern OrthodoxyAnglicanismOriental Orthodoxyand the Church of the East, which was originally referred to as Nestorianism but in modern times is embodied by the Assyrian Church of the East.
Unlike Roman Catholicism, Protestantism is a general movement that has no universal governing authority. From these come denominations, which in the West, have independence from the others in their doctrine. The Eastern and Roman Catholic churches, due to their hierarchical structures, are not said to be made up of denominations, rather, they include kinds of regional councils and individual congregations and church bodies, which do not officially differ from one another in doctrine.
Antiquity[ edit ] The initial differences between the East and West traditions stem from socio-cultural and ethno-linguistic divisions in and between the Western Roman and Byzantine Empires. Since the West that is, Western Europe spoke Latin as its lingua franca and the East Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Asia, and northern Africa largely used Aramaic and Koine Greek to transmit writings, theological developments were difficult to translate from one branch to the other.
In the course of ecumenical councils large gatherings of Christian leaderssome church bodies split from the larger family of Christianity.