Nelson Mandela - Wikipedia
Nelson Mandela, now celebrating his 90th birthday, is widely considered a saint. Nor did his time as president tarnish his image: remarkably for a politician needs of the most vulnerable, but his eye is always on pretty women passing by. but the challenge is more intense than ever as digital disruption. 10 Quotes That Will Inspire You to Have the Best Year Ever I love Gandhi. . Yesterday I was thinking about Nelson Mandela and I came across this amasing It gets harder & harder when people continue to post horrific lies. bestof-etsy: “ Inspirational Illustrations Pay Homage to the Beauty of Nature by Katie. Nelson Mandela was a credit to his race - the human race. What kind of adversity, let alone oppression, did Reagan ever have to fight as a rich white male in the USA? .. He actually helped Black people keep away from fear of apartheid. he was sent as a delegate to Pan-African Freedom meeting in Addis Ababa with.
Business leaders from Anglo America and other local companies were increasingly putting pressure on Botha and later on his successor, F. Also, young whites voiced their opposition to apartheid and racism in churches, schools, social clubs, work settings and at home with their parents. Eventually even the Dutch Reformed church, which had given apartheid proponents dubious biblical justification for the segregation of races, changed its views.
Very slowly, the Afrikaner leadership started negotiations with Mandela in prison. It was a form of intermittent shuttle diplomacy, with government leaders visiting him in person, sympathetic white guards passing messages to and from the ANC, and Mandela being flown from his new prison house near Cape Town to meet in secret with Botha and later de Klerk in the capital of Pretoria.
The economy was suffering from the boycotts; business leaders wanted change; the containment strategy of carving out Home Lands for blacks was failing, and the country was on the brink of civil war in black townships.
He called for free democratic elections one man, one vote as well as the unconditional release of all non-violent political prisoners.
Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote
In addition, he lifted the ban on the ANC and many other outlawed parties. This was a watershed event since whites were a minority in the country and would surely lose political power through these declarations. De Klerk kept his promises and released political prisoners, although not Mandela at first, given his violent past. De Klerk and Mandela were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in for achieving a largely non-violent, voluntary transfer of power by a strong minority group to a hostile majority, a rare event in human history.
The Face of the Opposition Against this complex backdrop, three strategic decisions by Mandela — among many others — stand out from a leadership perspective.
The first occurred when Mandela was offered a conditional release from prison by the government. In a speech to the nation, President Botha offered Mandela freedom if he renounced violence and other illegal activity.
The President tried to shift the blame for imprisonment to Mandela himself: After all, he was free to go now, provided he would be law abiding.
Mandela did not fall for this transparent ploy. Yes, he very much desired freedom after decades of hard labor and confinement in a small cell.
What freedom am I being offered while the organization of the people remains banned? What freedom am I being offered if I must ask permission to live in an urban area? Only free men can negotiate. Prisoners cannot enter into contracts. Mandela turned down the President and opted to stay in his cold, dark prison cell — about eight feet by eight feet in size — and was prepared to serve out the remainder of his life sentence.
This key decision was strategic since it greatly elevated his position as the face of the ANC while also drawing attention to his enormous personal sacrifice. Half a decade later, this man of deep principle was released unconditionally and rose to become the president of the ANC and then the country.
The second strategic decision occurred shortly after Mandela became a free man, but before being elected president in The trigger was the assassination of Chris Hani, a well-known and popular black leader fighting for equal rights. Hani was shot in cold blood by a far right white immigrant when stepping out of his car in the street. The killer was identified by a white woman who turned him in. Speech at a Rally in Cuba [ edit ] Speech at a rally in Cuba marking the 32nd anniversary of the Cuban Revolution 26 July We have long wanted to visit your country and express the many feelings that we have about the Cuban revolution, about the role of Cuba in Africa, southern Africa, and the world.
The Cuban people hold a special place in the hearts of the people of Africa. The Cuban internationalists have made a contribution to African independence, freedom, and justice, unparalleled for its principled and selfless character. We admire the achievements of the Cuban revolution in the sphere of social welfare. We note the transformation from a country of imposed backwardness to universal literacy. We acknowledge your advances in the fields of health, education, and science.
We too are also inspired by the life and example of Jose Martiwho is not only a Cuban and Latin American hero but justly honoured by all who struggle to be free. We also honour the great Che Guevarawhose revolutionary exploits, including on our own continent, were too powerful for any prison censors to hide from us. The life of Che is an inspiration to all human beings who cherish freedom. We will always honour his memory.
I must say that when we wanted to take up arms we approached numerous Western governments for assistance and we were never able to see any but the most junior ministers. When we visited Cuba we were received by the highest officials and were immediately offered whatever we wanted and needed. That was our earliest experience with Cuban internationalism.
Long live the Cuban revolution! Long live Comrade Fidel Castro! We have joined you this Easter in an act of solidarity, and in an act of worship. We have come, like all the other pilgrims, to join in an act of renewal and rededication.
The festival of Easter, which is so closely linked with the festival of the Passover, marks the rebirth of the resurrected Messiah, who without arms, without soldiers, without police and covert special forces, without hit squads or bands of vigilantes, overcame the mightiest state during his time.
This great festival of rejoicing marks the victory of the forces of life over death, of hope over despair. We pray with you for the blessings of peace! We pray with you for the blessings of love! We pray with you for the blessings of freedom! We affirm it and we shall proclaim it from the mountaintops, that all people — be they black or white, be they brown or yellow, be they rich or poor, be they wise or fools, are created in the image of the Creator and are his children!
Those who dare to cast out from the human family people of a darker hue with their racism! Those who exclude from the sight of God's grace, people who profess another faith with their religious intolerance!
Those who wish to keep their fellow countrymen away from God's bounty with forced removals! Those who have driven away from the altar of God people whom He has chosen to make different, commit an ugly sin! The sin called Apartheid. Also quoted in Nelson Mandela: It will not be presumptuous of us if we also add, among our predecessors, the name of another outstanding Nobel Peace Prize winner, the late Rev Martin Luther King Jr.
Nelson Mandela is a hero, but not a saint
He, too, grappled with and died in the effort to make a contribution to the just solution of the same great issues of the day which we have had to face as South Africans. We speak here of the challenge of the dichotomies of war and peace, violence and non-violence, racism and human dignity, oppression and repression and liberty and human rights, poverty and freedom from want. We stand here today as nothing more than a representative of the millions of our people who dared to rise up against a social system whose very essence is war, violence, racism, oppression, repression and the impoverishment of an entire people.
I am also here today as a representative of the millions of people across the globe, the anti-apartheid movement, the governments and organisations that joined with us, not to fight against South Africa as a country or any of its peoples, but to oppose an inhuman system and sue for a speedy end to the apartheid crime against humanity.
These countless human beings, both inside and outside our country, had the nobility of spirit to stand in the path of tyranny and injustice, without seeking selfish gain. They recognised that an injury to one is an injury to all and therefore acted together in defense of justice and a common human decency.
Because of their courage and persistence for many years, we can, today, even set the dates when all humanity will join together to celebrate one of the outstanding human victories of our century. When that moment comes, we shall, together, rejoice in a common victory over racism, apartheid and white minority rule.
This is indeed a joyous night. Although not yet final, we have received the provisional results of the election, and are delighted by the overwhelming support for the African National Congress. To all those in the African National Congress and the democratic movement who worked so hard these last few days and through these many decades, I thank you and honour you. To the people of South Africa and the world who are watching: This is your victory too.Nonviolence and Peace Movements: Crash Course World History 228
You helped end apartheid, you stood with us through the transition. I watched, along with all of you, as the tens of thousands of our people stood patiently in long queues for many hours. Some sleeping on the open ground overnight waiting to cast this momentous vote. This is one of the most important moments in the life of our country. I stand here before you filled with deep pride and joy: You have shown such a calm, patient determination to reclaim this country as your own, - and joy that we can loudly proclaim from the rooftops — free at last!
Tomorrow, the entire ANC leadership and I will be back at our desks. We are rolling up our sleeves to begin tackling the problems our country faces. We ask you all to join us — go back to your jobs in the morning. Let's get South Africa working. For we must, together and without delay, begin to build a better life for all South Africans. This means creating jobs building houses, providing education and bringing peace and security for all.
The calm and tolerant atmosphere that prevailed during the elections depicts the type of South Africa we can build. It set the tone for the future. We might have our differences, but we are one people with a common destiny in our rich variety of culture, race and tradition. People have voted for the party of their choice and we respect that. I hold out a hand of friendship to the leaders of all parties and their members, and ask all of them to join us in working together to tackle the problems we face as a nation.
Now is the time for celebration, for South Africans to join together to celebrate the birth of democracy.
I raise a glass to you all for working so hard to achieve what can only be called a small miracle. Let our celebrations be in keeping with the mood set in the elections, peaceful, respectful and disciplined, showing we are a people ready to assume the responsibilities of government. I promise that I will do my best to be worthy of the faith and confidence you have placed in me and my organisation, the African National Congress.
Let us build the future together, and toast a better life for all South Africans. Inaugural speech [ edit ] Today we are entering a new era for our country and its people. Today we celebrate not the victory of a party, but a victory for all the people of South Africa. Cape Town, 9 May Today we are entering a new era for our country and its people.
Our country has arrived at a decision. Among all the parties that contested the elections, the overwhelming majority of South Africans have mandated the African National Congress to lead our country into the future. The South Africa we have struggled for, in which all our people, be they African, Coloured, Indian or White, regard themselves as citizens of one nation is at hand. The names of those who were incarcerated on Robben Island is a roll call of resistance fighters and democrats spanning over three centuries.
If indeed this is a Cape of Good Hope, that hope owes much to the spirit of that legion of fighters and others of their calibre. In s the African National Congress was still setting the pace, being the first major political formation in South Africa to commit itself firmly to a Bill of Rights, which we published in November These milestones give concrete expression to what South Africa can become.
They speak of a constitutional, democratic, political order in which, regardless of colour, gender, religion, political opinion or sexual orientation, the law will provide for the equal protection of all citizens. They project a democracy in which the government, whomever that government may be, will be bound by a higher set of rules, embodied in a constitution, and will not be able govern the country as it pleases.
The people of South Africa have spoken in these elections. And change is what they will get. Our plan is to create jobs, promote peace and reconciliation, and to guarantee freedom for all South Africans. Today, all of us do, by our presence here, and by our celebrations in other parts of our country and the world, confer glory and hope to newborn liberty. Out of the experience of an extraordinary human disaster that lasted too long, must be born a society of which all humanity will be proud.
Our daily deeds as ordinary South Africans must produce an actual South African reality that will reinforce humanity's belief in justice, strengthen its confidence in the nobility of the human soul and sustain all our hopes for a glorious life for all.
All this we owe both to ourselves and to the peoples of the world who are so well represented here today. We thank all our distinguished international guests for having come to take possession with the people of our country of what is, after all, a common victory for justice, for peace, for human dignity. We trust that you will continue to stand by us as we tackle the challenges of building peace, prosperity, non-sexism, non-racialism and democracy.
The time for the healing of the wounds has come. The moment to bridge the chasms that divide us has come. The time to build is upon us. We succeeded to take our last steps to freedom in conditions of relative peace. We commit ourselves to the construction of a complete, just and lasting peace. We have triumphed in the effort to implant hope in the breasts of the millions of our people. We enter into a covenant that we shall build the society in which all South Africans, both black and white, will be able to walk tall, without any fear in their hearts, assured of their inalienable right to human dignity — a rainbow nation at peace with itself and the world.
We dedicate this day to all the heroes and heroines in this country and the rest of the world who sacrificed in many ways and surrendered their lives so that we could be free. Their dreams have become reality. Freedom is their reward. We are both humbled and elevated by the honour and privilege that you, the people of South Africa, have bestowed on us, as the first President of a united, democratic, non-racial and non-sexist government.
We understand it still that there is no easy road to freedom We know it well that none of us acting alone can achieve success. We must therefore act together as a united people, for national reconciliation, for nation building, for the birth of a new world. Let there be justice for all. Let there be peace for all. Never, never and never again shall it be that this beautiful land will again experience the oppression of one by another and suffer the indignity of being the skunk of the world.
The sun shall never set on so glorious a human achievement! Speech at the Zionist Christian Church Easter Conference [ edit ] We bow our heads in worship on this day and give thanks to the Almighty for the bounty He has bestowed upon us over the past year. We raise our voices in holy gladness to celebrate the victory of the risen Christ over the terrible forces of death. Easter is a joyful festival!
It is a celebration because it is indeed a festival of hope! Easter marks the renewal of life! The triumph of the light of truth over the darkness of falsehood! Easter is a festival of human solidarity, because it celebrates the fulfilment of the Good News! The Good News borne by our risen Messiah who chose not one race, who chose not one country, who chose not one language, who chose not one tribe, who chose all of humankind! Each Easter marks the rebirth of our faith.
It marks the victory of our risen Saviour over the torture of the cross and the grave. Our Messiah, who came to us in the form of a mortal man, but who by his suffering and crucifixion attained immortality. Our Messiah, born like an outcast in a stable, and executed like criminal on the cross. Our Messiah, whose life bears testimony to the truth that there is no shame in poverty: Those who should be ashamed are they who impoverish others.
Whose life testifies to the truth that there is no shame in being persecuted: Those who should be ashamed are they who persecute others. Whose life proclaims the truth that there is no shame in being conquered: Those who should be ashamed are they who conquer others.
Whose life testifies to the truth that there is no shame in being dispossessed: Those who should be ashamed are they who dispossess others. Whose life testifies to the truth that there is no shame in being oppressed: Those who should be ashamed are they who oppress others. Are human beings inherently evil?
What infuses individuals with the ego and ambition to so clamour for power that genocide assumes the mantle of means that justify coveted ends?
These are difficult questions, which, if wrongly examined can lead one to lose faith in fellow human beings. And there is where we would go wrong. Firstly, because to lose faith in fellow humans is, as the Archbishop would correctly point out, to lose faith in God and in the purpose of life itself. Secondly, it is erroneous to attribute to the human character a universal trait it does not possess — that of being either inherently evil or inherently humane.
I would venture to say that there is something inherently good in all human beings, deriving from, among other things, the attribute of social consciousness that we all possess.
Mandela's imperfections are real. Looking back, it is clear that he should have done more, when president, to tackle the Aids epidemic, which may now be killing South Africans every single day.
Some critics say he also caved in too easily to white South Africans, when negotiating an end to apartheid, thus leaving the black majority mostly poor and excluded from the economy. South Africa remains an incredibly unequal society. His character is complicated. He is part democrat, part royal; a child from the rural Transkei and a sharp-dressing city slicker lawyer; he is an icon of peace, but also a boxer and rabble rouser in his youth and the man who launched the military wing of the ANC; he is an African icon, but a man steeped in respect for western law and political systems; he is humble and frugal, but craves the company of celebrities, businessmen and politicians; his mind is on ending conflict and the needs of the most vulnerable, but his eye is always on pretty women passing by.
But this human imperfection, of course, is what makes Mandela all the more appealing. Whereas Gandhi, or Mother Theresa, are distant and unattainable figures of virtue, Mandela's great attraction is that — while he is an extraordinary man — his failings seem so normal.
Does all this him a hero?