room door open in Book 22), the Telemachus whom Odysseus meets in 16 has One would not expect a Homer to draw a crude black and white distinction. Athena's exhortation to Telemachus in Book 1 of the Odyssey marks the Drawing upon scenes with the prince, I will argue that manhood in the and bold speech, which he demonstrates after his first meeting with Athena. aptly describes the Telemachus of the earlier books of the Odyssey. Telemachus at his first . When, at the hut of Eumaeus, Telemachus met and knew father, they . round-faced rosy boy, but now he came up the stairs, tall, drawn, haggard.
Athena has changed Odysseus back in order to protect his identity. The swine-herder tells the two men of his travels and informs Telemachus of a ship that returned with men who had weapons.
This being the ship that was sent out to ambush the prince.
The book closes with Telemachus and Odysseus sharing a look because they know what is to happen. Book Seventeen opens with Telemachus going back to the palace. Before his departure he tells Eumaeus to show the "beggar" the way to town because the prince has to many problems to face at the palace and would not be able to help this man.
- Eurycleia of Ithaca
- Argos (dog)
Once at the palace Telemachus is greeted by Eurycleia, his nurse, and Penelope. The small journey that Telemachus has traveled changed him into a more mature man with the help of Athena's power.
The prince, on his way to Piraeus' home, is met by Theoclymenus and Piraeus at the meeting grounds.
Telemachus warns Piraeus to leave Menelaus' gifts at his home because he does not want the suitors to plunder the offering. Once back in the walls of the kingdom Telemachus relays all the information he gained on his travels to Penelope. He holds back details of his meeting with Odysseus in order to protect his father. Theoclymenus then prophecies to the queen that Odysseus is on his native soil. During this meeting the suitors continue to pillage the wealth of the king. Eumaeus and Odysseus, disguised as a beggar, head for town as requested by Telemachus.
On their journey they meet Melanthius, a servant of the castle and advocate of the suitors. Melanthius takes it upon himself to ridicule Eumaeus for being a swine-herder, but more importantly to verbally abuse Odysseus for being a beggar.
Not only does he verbally abuse Odysseus he kicks the beggar in the hip but is not able to "knock the beggar off the path" Odysseus is able to calm his outraged heart but Eumaeus is outraged about the incident and is forced to pray to the daughter of Zeus. The men reach the outskirts of the palace and are seen by Odysseus' dog Argo.
Eumaeus does not recognize that Argo knows that his master is near. Odysseus then enters the castle and the " This simple instance shows the influence Odysseus had on his people. Not only do his loyal subjects pray to the god for his return, but it is only after Argo sees his master one last time does he let death take its hold.
Homer: The Odyssey
Once in the palace Odysseus goes around begging the suitors for food. Melanthius recognizes the beggar from town and blames Eumaeus for bring the "filthy" man to the palace. Antinous, one of the suitors, lashes out against Eumaeus, asking why he would bring another vagabond to town.
This spat continues adding Telemachus into the mix. Odysseus finally approaches Antinous and begs for food. The king uses this event to demonstrate how wealth can disappear in an instant. After insulting Antinous about his behavior towards bums Odysseus is hit in the back by a stool thrown from Antinous hand. Being a calm man, Odysseus takes this abuse unstaggered.
The other suitors are outraged at Antinous' action. And I see the house is full of men feasting: Do you go first, and I will remain behind: But one thing no man can hide is ravening hunger, a cursed plague that brings men plenty of trouble. Oared ships are even launched because of it, bringing evil to enemies on the waves.
And a dog, lying there, lifted its head and pricked up its ears. Argus was the hound of noble Odysseuswho had bred him himself, though he sailed to sacred Ilium before he could enjoy his company. There, plagued by ticks, lay Argus the hound. Odysseus turned his face aside and hiding it from Eumaeus wiped away a tear then quickly said: He was keen-scented on the trail, and no creature he started in the depths of the densest wood escaped him.
But now he is in a sad state, and his master has died far from his own country, and the thoughtless women neglect him. Far-voiced Zeus takes half the good out of them, the day they become slaves. As for Argus, seeing Odysseus again in this twentieth year, the hand of dark death seized him. Eumaeus looked round then picked up a stool nearby, where the carver sat when slicing the joints of meat for the Suitors at the feast.
A steward brought him a portion of meat, and helped him to bread from a basket. He sat down on the ash wood sill of the doorway, leaning on the doorpost made of cypress that had been carefully planed and trued to the line by some carpenter of old. While the minstrel sang in the hall he ate, and ended his meal as the bard was finishing the song, whereupon the Suitors filled the hall with their noise.
So round he went, starting on the right, proffering his hand on every side like a true beggar. They wondered who he was, and asked each other where he had come from, giving him food out of pity. Then up spoke Melanthius the goatherd: Who searches out foreigners himself, and invites them home, unless they are masters of some universal art: Such men are welcome throughout the boundless earth, but no one would invite a burdensome beggar.
No, no, may the gods forbid such a thing. But you are minded quite differently in truth, preferring to dine yourself rather than give to another. Nevertheless all the others gave something, and Odysseus filled his leather pouch with scraps of bread and meat. Odysseus was heading back to the threshold having sounded out the Achaeans scot-free, when he paused near Antinous and spoke to him: You look every inch a king, and therefore it is right you should give me a better portion than the others and I will sound your name throughout the boundless earth.
I too once had a house of my own among men.
I too lived in riches in a fine palace, and often gave gifts to the stranger, whoever he might be, whatever his needs were. I had servants too without number, and an abundance of all that counts as wealth and allows a man to live well. But Zeus the son of Cronos ended that — such was his pleasure — when he prompted me to my ruin, sailing the long voyage to Egyptas a wandering corsair.
There in the Nile I moored my curved ships. Then I told my loyal companions to stay and guard them, while I sent scouts to find the highest ground.
Hearing the shouting the people poured out at dawn and filled the plain with infantry, and chariots, and the gleam of bronze. Zeus who hurls the lightning bolt filled my men with abject fear, and not one had the courage to face the enemy who threatened us on all sides, or hold his ground. Then they killed many of us with their bronze weapons, and dragged the rest off to the city as slaves.
As for myself, they handed me over to a friend of theirs, Dmetor son of Iasusmighty ruler of Cypruswho took me there, and from there I reached here, in much distress. Get away from my table, stand over there in the middle, you insolent and shameless beggar, lest you end up in a place more bitter than Egypt or Cyprus.
But Odysseus stood firm as a rock, and did not reel at the blow. He merely shook his head in silence, thinking dark thoughts in the depths of his mind.
Then he returned to the threshold, sat down with his well-filled bag, and addressed the Suitors. If there are gods and Furies even for beggars let Antinous find death before he can marry. Odysseus' first appeared as a beggar to sneak into Troy and kill unsuspecting Trojan soldiers, and again when he returned home to Ithaca and planned to kill all of Penelope's suitors. In many ways, his role as a beggar, especially when he returned to Ithaca is far more meaningful.
Eurycleia of Ithaca - Wikipedia
His re-entry into his own home after twenty years was arguably the most important moment of his life, perhaps suggesting that his role as a beggar — and his connection with Eurycleia — is what is most important to him. Eurycleia was the only person to recognize him without him first revealing himself as he did to Telemachus after he returned home from the Trojan War.
After he entered his own house as a guest of Penelope disguised as a beggar, Eurycleia bathed him and recognized him by a scar just above his knee, which he got from a boar while hunting with his grandfather Autolycus.
Gripping her by the throat he saids, "Nanny, d'ye want to destroy me?
I will not spare even you my nurse, when I kill the other women in this house.