The Aryan Influence in India | Mahavidya
Although there is an emphasis on personal spirituality, Hinduism's (or invasion) and the Indus valley culture was an Aryan or vedic culture. Aryans never invaded the Indian subcontinent or South Asia. Rigid marriage rules based on caste that created unique genetic clusters can. The Book of Mormon can help you build a relationship with God. Have a Thus, the modern notion of an Aryan-Dravidian racial divide is contradicted by ancient.
The Aryans considered the dark skinned people to be barbarians and emphasized their superiority in the realms of their mentality, physicality, sociality and religiosity Kumar 2. However the Dravidians, other dark skinned inhabitants of India, were considered to be tolerable by the Aryans Kumar 2. The Dravidians had their own language and culture, which was not threatened by the Aryans Kumar 2. The Aryans were religiously open-minded and understood the importance of non-Aryan thoughts and culture, however, they limited themselves to affiliating with cultures they found tolerable or of some importance Kumar 3.
The incorporation of the Dravidian god Siva into the Vedas can also testify to the tolerant Aryan culture Kumar 4. The open-minded Aryans also conquered many tribes and communities and made use of any foreign knowledge, as well as uniting the new communities under an Aryan language Kosambi Religiously, the Aryans recognize the Vedas as their most valued religious text which consists of many hymns dedicated to the Aryan gods Kosambi The Vedas consist of four different texts which are the Rgveda, Yajurveda, Sasmaveda and Atharvaveda.
The two focal Vedic gods depicted are Agni, the god of fire for whom the most verses in the Vedas are dedicated, and Indra, the lord of war and rain who fights the evil daemons and is profoundly known for his indulgence in Soma Kosambi Other Aryan gods includes the sun god, the creator, the destroyer and many other various gods Kosambi The Vedas are considered to be part real and part mystical.
They depict real life, history, sacrifices and location, while also depicting mystical and spiritual tales Kosambi The Aryans also believed in sacrifices in order to align themselves with the cosmos which were outlined in the Vedas; some of the sacrifices included the horse sacrifice and the cattle sacrifice Kosambi The Rgveda talks about important historical events such as the Dasarajna, which is the battle of the ten kings where the Bharatas emerged victorious Singh 6.
Hinduism is the fruit that emerged from the complex mixing of the Dravidian culture and the Aryan culture Wolpert Their deities, epics, religious texts and history merged to form the fundamental pillars of Hinduism Wolpert Hinduism is further known for the segregation of their society into different classes and castes.
- ARYANS, HINDUISM AND ARYAN LIFE
- The Aryan Influence in India
The Aryans introduced the caste system to make sure they were prevalent over the other races Wolpert To create this complex new society in favor of the Aryans, the castes were divided into four classes which were the Brahmins, Ksatriyas, Vaisyas and Sudras Kosambi The Brahmins consisted of the priestly class who were responsible for the prayers, sacrifices and the people who have a connection with the gods Sharma They were given the highest respect in the society and carried a sense of authority over other castes.
The Ksatriyas were the warriors and they were responsible for the protection of the communities. The Vaisay were the traders and normal commoners.
The Sudras were the conquered dark skinned people who were considered the lowest class and given servant like duties such as cleaning, repairs and janitorial works Sharma Lastly, there were also the untouchables who did not fit into any caste.
History of Hinduism
They were therefore not worthy of interacting with anyone in the caste system which led them to be isolated from society Sharma The Aryans had an enormous influence in India where the caste system is still prevalent in modern day. The Aryans were the warrior nomadic people that migrated to the Indian subcontinent with their influential culture, religion and language. On further inspection we can see that the Aryan culture played a vital role in sculpting Hinduism by influencing the religion with their epics, texts and religious ideologies.
The Aryans mixed with the Dravidians to create the complex religion of Hinduism. The emergence of this religion and the Aryans seeking higher recognition in contrast to the commoners led to the creation of the caste system. Sacrifices were festive events meant to be enjoyed and bring fertility and prosperity. They were not intended to help people in the afterlife. Aryan religion was concerned mostly with the here and now not the hereafter.
Some elements of the sacrifice though were identified with parts of the cosmos and the sacrifice was regarded as a re-enactment of creation. Sometimes human sacrifices were held. The victims were usually criminals provided to the king or volunteers who hoped to gain quick trip to a better world. Animal sacrifices are largely a thing of the past.
The ritual lives on the offerings of rice balls and marigold pedals left at temples. It is believed that one reason there are so many gods and different customs in Hinduism is that is how the Aryan and Dravidian beliefs accommodated one another. The source of Dravidian culture, is believed to be the ancient Indus Civilization, which flourished around B. Members of this civilization worshiped an earth goddess, similar to the Hindu goddess Shakti, and revered yogi-like male figures that surrounded themselves with animals and were worshiped with phallic symbols, suggesting Shiva.
As is true in Hinduism today certain animals, such as bulls, and certain plants such as pipal trees, were held sacred.
Scores of stone phallic, vulva and bull figures have been found in Indus ruins and some archaeologists and historians present them as evidence this culture may have been the precursor to Hinduism because the bull was mount of the Hindu god Shiva and the phallic symbols' resembled the lingams phallic emblems used to worship Shiva.
One three sided Indus seal that was unearthed depicts a squatting god surrounded by animals which, some scholars say, may have been a forerunner of Shiva. Some of the most beautifully carved images on seals are of cattle, which suggests a link to cattle worship. Some tokens show humans bowing before a pipal tree shading figures that may be deities.
Pipal trees symbolize fertility and protection in Hinduism. The Mother Goddess did not become a major part of Hinduism until relatively late. It is believed that she existed on the fringe in the early years of Hinduism and became incorporated when the time was right. The Shiva-like practices were absorbed at a much earlier time. Transition From the Aryan Religion to Hinduism Indus swastika seal As Aryans spread throughout India, they absorbed legends and beliefs of the people they conquered, including ideas about karma, reincarnation and strict laws that grew into the caste system.
The Brahmanas or Priestlieswritten between and B. The Upanishadswritten between and B. About the same time the idea of reincarnation gained importance the status of religious ascetics was elevated.
Ascetics were perceived as people who sought religious holiness by tapping into the forces of the universe and aimed to escape the endless series of deaths and rebirth of reincarnation to attain moksha Hindu nirvana. This idea made religious life accessible to everybody not just the Brahmins. At the same time this was occurring there was a movement against the power of the Brahmas, the grip of the caste system and the emphasis on sacrifices.
Buddhism and Jainism grew out of this movement. Beginning in the 3rd century B. Hinduism went into decline and was largely replaced by Buddhism in India. Hinduism itself went through dramatic changes, namely the rise of Shiva and Vishnu and the transformation of their identity and the incorporation of ideas like Tantrism Aryans and the Vedas Brahmanas: After the Vedas, the second-most important literature of Aryans is the Brahmanas.
They were composed to illustrate the use of Vedas in sacrificial rituals. Each Veda has independent Brahmanas. The term "Upanishad" indicates knowledge acquired by sitting close to the teacher.Strange Similarities Between Greek And Indian Mythology
This consists of discussions on several problems such as creation of the universe, the nature of God, the origin of mankind, etc. The period of the composition of "Rigveda" and the subsequent literature upto the "Upanishads" is approximately years.
This period is divided into two parts - The Vedic from B. Vedas as Historical Guides on the Aryans Although archaeology has not yielded proof of the identity of the Aryans, the evolution and spread of their culture across the Indo-Gangetic Plain is generally undisputed.
Modern knowledge of the early stages of this process rests on a body of sacred texts: The sanctity accorded to these texts and the manner of their preservation over several millennia--by an unbroken oral tradition--make them part of the living Hindu tradition.
ARYANS, HINDUISM AND ARYAN LIFE | Facts and Details
The Aryans were a pantheistic people, following their tribal chieftain or raja, engaging in wars with each other or with other alien ethnic groups, and slowly becoming settled agriculturalists with consolidated territories and differentiated occupations. Their skills in using horse-drawn chariots and their knowledge of astronomy and mathematics gave them a military and technological advantage that led others to accept their social customs and religious beliefs see Science and Technology.
By around 1, B. Aryans were relatively light skinned while Dravidians were darker. Varna, the Hindu word for caste, means "color. Higher castes are usually associated with whiter skin and purer Aryan descent because, it has been argued, the first light-skinned Aryan conquerors gave the conquered dark-skin Dravidians dirtier, lower status tasks.
Not all scholars agree with is assessment. The Vedas describe Aryan society divided into the four major castes: Early in Aryan history the Brahmins gained political and religious superiority over the Kshatriyas.
The caste system described in the Rig-Veda may have grown out of the enslavement of people from the Indus Valley by the Aryans.
BBC - Religions - Hinduism: History of Hinduism
DNA studies of Indians have found that highest caste members have more genetic similarities with Europeans while lower caste members have more genetic similarities with Asians. This is consistent with the historical record of the Aryan invasions and links between the Aryans and members of higher castes.
Some have suggested that caste may have originally been a Dravidian concept rather than an Aryan one.