Augustus - Wikipedia
Augustus Caesar was named named as the principal heir of Julius Caesar. The young Augustus used Caesar's money and name to start raising an As relations with Antony broke down, it was better to wage war against a. Octavian before being granted the title of Augustus) in the town of Velitrae Julius Caesar was considered one of the great orators of his time and some .. Aeneid The epic poem tells the story of Aeneas, a Trojan warrior who . Augustus' lineage to legendary figures and outright states Augustus' relations to the divine. Other poems by Catullus are scurrilous outbursts of contempt or hatred for. age of the emperor Augustus, among whom Horace, Sextus Propertius, Tibullus, Life of Julius Caesar, Catullus' father was Caesar's friend and host, but the son “the same day,” and Caesar's relations with the father continued uninterrupted.
They had been granted a general amnesty on 17 March, yet Antony had succeeded in driving most of them out of Rome with an inflammatory eulogy at Caesar's funeral, mounting public opinion against the assassins.
Exile of Ovid - Wikipedia
Mark Antony had lost the support of many Romans and supporters of Caesar when he initially opposed the motion to elevate Caesar to divine status. During the summer, he managed to win support from Caesarian sympathizers and also made common with the Optimatesthe former enemies of Caesar, who saw him as the lesser evil and hoped to manipulate him.
Antony besieged him at Mutina  and rejected the resolutions passed by the Senate to stop the fighting. The Senate had no army to enforce their resolutions. This provided an opportunity for Octavian, who already was known to have armed forces. Both consuls were killed, however, leaving Octavian in sole command of their armies.
However, the sources agree that enacting the proscriptions was a means by all three factions to eliminate political enemies. For example, Octavian allowed the proscription of his ally Cicero, Antony the proscription of his maternal uncle Lucius Julius Caesar the consul of 64 BCand Lepidus his brother Paullus. Octavian was able to further his cause by emphasizing the fact that he was Divi filius"Son of the Divine". Mark Antony later used the examples of these battles as a means to belittle Octavian, as both battles were decisively won with the use of Antony's forces.
Gaul and the province of Hispania were placed in the hands of Octavian. Lepidus was left with the province of Africastymied by Antony, who conceded Hispania to Octavian instead. The tens of thousands who had fought on the republican side with Brutus and Cassius could easily ally with a political opponent of Octavian if not appeased, and they also required land.
Octavian chose the former. He returned Clodia to her mother, claiming that their marriage had never been consummated. Fulvia decided to take action. Together with Lucius Antonius, she raised an army in Italy to fight for Antony's rights against Octavian.
Lucius and Fulvia took a political and martial gamble in opposing Octavian, however, since the Roman army still depended on the triumvirs for their salaries. Lucius and his army were spared, due to his kinship with Antony, the strongman of the East, while Fulvia was exiled to Sicyon. This new conflict proved untenable for both Octavian and Antony, however.
Their centurions, who had become important figures politically, refused to fight due to their Caesarian cause, while the legions under their command followed suit.
Catullus | Roman poet | cypenv.info
Fulvia's death and the mutiny of their centurions allowed the two remaining triumvirs to effect a reconciliation. The Italian Peninsula was left open to all for the recruitment of soldiers, but in reality, this provision was useless for Antony in the East. Augustus, section 25, but better known in the Latin form, as reported in Chambers Dictionary of Quotationsp. Have I played the part well?
Then applaud as I exit. McCabe May it be my privilege to have the happiness of establishing the commonwealth on a firm and secure basis and thus enjoy the reward which I desire, but only if I may be called the author of the best possible government; and bear with me the hope when I die that the foundations which I have laid for its future government, will stand firm and stable.
SuetoniusDivus Augustus, paragraph I came to see a king, not a row of corpses. After having visited the mausoleum of Alexander the Great in Alexandria, Augustus was asked if he also wanted to visit the mausoleum of the Ptolemies ; in SuetoniusDivus Augustus, paragraph Quintili Vare, legiones redde!
Quintilius Varus, give me back my legions! Sat celeriter fieri, quidquid fiat satis bene. Whatever is done well enough is done quickly enough.
ShakespeareMacbeth I. En Romanos, rerum dominos, gentemque togatam! Behold them, conquerors of the world, the toga-clad race of Romans!
Said disparagingly of a group of men in cloaks, quoting Virgil 's The Aeneid. Augustus allowed only those wearing a toga and no cloak to enter the Forum; in SuetoniusDivus Augustus, paragraph I had a good mind to discontinue permanently the supply of grain to the city, reliance on which had discouraged Italian agriculture, but refrained because some politician would be bound one day to revive the dole as a means of ingratiating himself with the people. The grain supply to the city of Rome was a contentious political issue; in SuetoniusDivus Augustus, paragraph Aetati tuae, mi Tiberi, noli in hac re indulgere et nimium indignari quemquam esse, qui de me male loquatur; satis est enim, si hoc habemus ne quis nobis male facere possit.
My dear Tiberiusyou must not give way to youthful emotion or take it to heart if anyone speaks ill of me; let us be satisfied if we can make people stop short at unkind words. Ut vides, klimaktera communem seniorum omnium tertium et sexagesimum annum evasimus.
Exile of Ovid
I have escaped, as you see, the common climacteric of all old men—my sixty-third year. Epistle to Caius Caesar Aul. Ah, never to have married, and childless to have died! Quoting Homer 's Iliad. Augustus was frequently disappointed in the conduct of some of his children; in SuetoniusDivus Augustus, paragraph Livia, nostri coniugii memor vive, ac vale!
Goodbye, Livia; remember our marriage!