The U.S.-Turkey Relationship Is Worse Off Than You Think – Foreign Policy
For more than a year, relations between Turkey and Europe have been in like their European counterparts, are facing American sanctions for. Here is a look at the issues behind the rising American tensions with Turkey, a country of 79 million that straddles Europe and Asia and has. The U.S.-Turkey relationship reached an inflection point this week when Andrew Brunson was transferred to house arrest rather than released.
There had been critics in the U. Prior to this, during the U. Presidential electionhe had criticised the then U.
Bush for his failure to take a stance and stating that the "Armenian genocide is not an allegation, a personal opinion, or a point of view, but rather a widely documented fact supported by an overwhelming body of historical evidence". Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Adm. Mike Mullen in Ankara. President Obama by the U. Democratic Party delegation group including U.
Senators Robert CaseyEdward E. KaufmanFrank Lautenberg and U. Key powers such as Turkey, India and China oppose the adoption of a new round of sanctions against Tehran. As a result, the U. Congress has delayed arms sales sought by the Turkish military.
He is said to be "isolated", and that his MPs and Ministers feel "fearful of Erdogan's wrath". President Obama said that future arms sales would depend on Turkish policies. Obama said the visit was an opportunity "to return the extraordinary hospitality that the Prime Minister and the Turkish people showed me on my visit to Turkey four years ago".
Erdogan said that during his time with President Obama, "Syria was at the top of our agenda" and Obama repeated the United States plan to support the Assad -opposition while applying "steady international pressure" . When not discussing national security threats, Obama and Erdogan discussed expanding economic relations between the two countries.
Erdogan is surely a part of the problem. Relations with Russia are cozier than ever, while ties with the United States are at their nadir and those with Europe remain crisis-ridden. He only stoked the flames of an already burning fire. On both the left and the right, there existed deep reservoirs of antipathy toward NATO. Starting in the s, Turkey found itself facing another problem. Its neighbors—particularly Syria and Iraq—were supporting militant groups fighting against it: But Turkey could not fight back, because its forces were unavailable and its allies were uninterested.
With the end of the Cold War, Ankara thought that this picture would change.
Turkey Warms Up to Europe as Its US Ties Fester
Then-President Turgut Ozal believed that if Turkey could prove its worth as an ally, it would have a bigger say in how the United States, now the hegemon of a unipolar world, would shape its region. He opened Incirlik Air Base to U. Allegedly, he even asked then-U.
Instead, Turkey lost more than it gained. The region also became a staging ground for PKK attacks into southeast Anatolia. This experience also convinced many in Turkey that Washington favors an independent Kurdistan next door—a sentiment so pervasive that a decade later, it was enough to scare the Turkish parliament away from allowing U.
Yet, Washington made allies with it in Syria, while the Europeans have been allowing it to operate freely in their countries for decades. A similar dynamic was at play in the S deala crisis that was by no means inevitable.
It is no secret that Ankara has high ambitions for its defense industry. The country is already investing billions into building its own battle tank, combat warship, and fifth-generation fighter jet.
Nonetheless, they gave Ankara the cold shoulder.
Turkey–United States relations - Wikipedia
Also worth mentioning is the matter of Fethullah Gulen, the controversial cleric Ankara holds responsible for a failed coup attempt in At the height of his power, Gulen had millions of followers worldwide and controlled billions of dollars in assets. He was a powerful ally to Erdogan in his early years and instrumental in the success of his campaign against the secular military establishment.
Gulen is almost universally unpopular in Turkey. Even years before the failed coup, his favorability ratings were on par with PKK founder Abdullah Ocalan.