The Early Years of Henry II & Eleanor of Aquitaine – Rebecca Starr Brown
Henry II () was the son of Queen Maud and Geoffrey of Anjou. He was married to the forceful Eleanor of Aquitaine, and in their squabbling she turned. What forces were at play in Henry's relationship with his wife and sons, and Eleanor of Aquitaine; Henry and his sons; Final years; Find out more he failed to make his sons trust him because he never included them fully. Her second marriage, which brought >southwestern France to the English king, affected the Eleanor of Aquitaine (c–), queen of Henry II. .. the death of his father, and Eleanor became his trusted (and very powerful) counselor.
She was instrumental in turning the court of Poitiersthen frequented by the most famous troubadours of the time, into a centre of poetry and a model of courtly life and manners. She was the great patron of the two dominant poetic movements of the time: The revolt of her sons against her husband in put her cultural activities to a brutal end. The revolt failed, and Eleanor was captured while seeking refuge in the kingdom of her first husband, Louis VII.
Her semi-imprisonment in England ended only with the death of Henry II in On her release, Eleanor played a greater political role than ever before. In Richard died without leaving an heir to the throne, and John was crowned king. Eleanor, nearly 80 years old, fearing the disintegration of the Plantagenet domain, crossed the Pyrenees in in order to fetch her granddaughter Blanche from the court of Castile and marry her to the son of the French king.
By this marriage she hoped to ensure peace between the Plantagenets of England and the Capetian kings of France. In John was again in her debt for holding Mirebeau against Arthur, until John, coming to her relief, was able to take him prisoner. She died in at the monastery at Fontevrault, Anjou, where she had retired after the campaign at Mirebeau.
The Character and Legacy of Henry II
As heir to his mother… Early life After receiving a good literary education, part of it in England, Henry became duke of Normandy in and count of Anjou, Maine, and Touraine on the death of his father, Geoffrey Plantagenetin Although the claim of his mother, Matildadaughter of Henry I, to the English crown had been set aside by her cousin, King Stephen, inHenry advanced his fortunes by marrying the beautiful and talented Eleanor, recently divorced from King Louis VII of France, who brought with her hand the lordship of Aquitaine.
Henry invaded England inand King Stephen agreed to accept him as coadjutor and heir. When Stephen died the following year Henry succeeded without opposition, thus becoming lord of territories stretching from Scotland to the Pyrenees. The young king lacked visible majesty.
Eleanor Of Aquitaine | cypenv.info
Of stocky build, with freckled face, close-cut tawny hair, and gray eyes, he dressed carelessly and grew to be bulky; but his personality commanded attention and drew men to his service. He could be a good companion, with ready repartee in a jostling crowd, but he displayed at times an ungovernable temper and could be heartless and ruthless when necessary.
Restless, impetuousalways on the move, regardless of the convenience of others, he was at ease with scholars, and his administrative decrees were the work of a cool realist.
In his long reign of 34 years he spent an aggregate of only 14 in England. Reign His career may be considered in three aspects: His territories are often called the Angevin Empire. Some, indeed, were under the feudal overlordship of the king of France. By conquest, through diplomacy, and through the marriages of two of his sons, he gained acknowledged possession of what is now the west of France from the northernmost part of Normandy to the Pyrenees, near Carcassonne.
During his reign, the dynastic marriages of three daughters gave him political influence in GermanyCastileand Sicily. With Louis the relationship was ambiguous. In Henry invaded Wales and received homage, though without conquest. His remarkable achievements were impaired, however, by the stresses caused by a dispute with Becket and by discords in his own family. Of these, the four sons who survived infancy—Henry, Geoffrey, Richard, and John—repaid his genuine affection with resentment toward their father and discord among themselves.
Richard joined the protest of the others and was supported by Eleanor. On July 12,he did public penance at Canterbury. The next day the King of Scots was taken at Alnwickand three weeks later Henry had suppressed the rebellion in England.
His sons were pardoned, but Eleanor was kept in custody until her husband died. A second rebellion flared up in with a quarrel between his sons Henry and Richard over the government of Aquitaine, but young Henry died in In Richard quarrelled with John, who had been ordered to take Aquitaine off his hands. This success was obscured for contemporaries and later historians by the varied and often dramatic interest of political and personal events, and not until the 19th century—when the study of the public records began and when legal history was illuminated by the British jurist Frederic William Maitland and his followers—did the administrative genius of Henry and his servants appear in its true light.
Henry II of England
At the beginning of his reign Henry found England in disorder, with royal authority ruined by civil war and the violence of feudal magnates. His first task was to crush the unruly elements and restore firm government, using the existing institutions of government, with which the Anglo-Norman monarchy was well provided.Behind Every Great King... - The Life & Times of Eleanor of Aquitaine
The council contained an unusually able group of men—some of them were great barons, such as Richard de Lucy and Robert de Beaumont, earl of Leicester; others included civil servants, such as Nigel, bishop of Ely, Richard Fitznealeand his son, Richard of Ilchester.