Holden Caulfield Character Analysis
Holden's relationship to Phoebe is extremely important because she represents innocence, the one Does Holden Caulfield actually love his sister Phoebe?. For some, Holden Caulfield was the rebellious voice of a generation; for many sneaks back into his parents' house and wakes up his sister, Phoebe. . and their coded language but of half-memories and broken relationships. the gray line between collaboration and the black market, basically shunned. Sixteen-year-old Holden Caulfield has been expelled from multiple schools for Holden taught Phoebe to dance, and she's pretty good at it: 'She stays right.
Some characters, like Maurice and Sunny, are genuinely harmful. But although Holden expends so much energy searching for phoniness in others, he never directly observes his own phoniness.
His deceptions are generally pointless and cruel and he notes that he is a compulsive liar. For example, on the train to New York, he perpetrates a mean-spirited and needless prank on Mrs.
Phonies Chapter 2 Phonies 1: Holden's first mention of phonies is with Mr. Phonies, like his fellow students, are more interested in playing a part or looking good than in doing or saying anything honest. Chapter 3 Phonies 2: Ossenburger is the first "phony" Holden goes into detail about.
Everything we hear about him reveals hypocrisy. In his profession, for example, Ossenburger runs discount funeral parlors that take advantage of grieving families, though he stresses to the students that they should have integrity and pray devoutly. More disturbing to Holden than Ossenburger's phoniness, though, is the school's hypocrisy. None of the parading or speeches would occur if Ossenburger hadn't given Pencey money to buy a new dorm. Chapter 4 Phonies 3: Movies are one of Holden's big pet peeves because of their fake emotions and stereotyped roles.
Holden's not completely spiteful, though. He says, "I hate the movies like a poison, but I get a bang imitating them. Holden himself often acquires a strained, sarcastic phoniness, either as a joke or when he is upset with someone.
When Ackley refuses to let the beat-up Holden sleep in his roommate's empty bed, Holden calls him "a real prince" and gives him a big phony handshake. Chapter 11 Phonies 5: Although Holden doesn't directly call Ernie, the piano player, a phony, he senses phoniness and insincerity in his flashy piano-playing style. Holden thinks Ernie is too fine a piano player but no longer plays his music with heart.
Chapter 13 Phonies 6: When Holden sees the faces of boys he fights and of Sunny, the prostitute, both are disturbing. So in a way, he's in a tough spot. He can't deal with the phoniness that masks humanity, but he can't deal with looking at this humanity straight on, either. Chapter 15 Phonies 7: Holden's summary of his conversation with Sally Hayes indicates that he might find her a bit of a phony, too.
He shows himself as willing to overlook this a bit, however, by asking her out for a date. When it comes down to it, Holden would rather take the chance at having a genuine interaction with someone than dismiss him or her as a phony.
Chapter 17 Phonies 8: The date with Sally Hayes is drenched in phoniness. The actors in the play strike Holden as phony and Sally's phony friend monopolizes her during both intermissions. Chapter 22 Phonies 9: When Holden is explaining the ways of Pencey Prep to his sister Phoebe, his judgments indicate his thoughts about such schools - they're phony places and their main goal is to prepare students to become adequately phony to survive in the adult world.
Chapter 25 Phonies In later chapters of the novel, Holden backs off of criticizing everything as phony a bit. His focus seems to shift to a concern over how to keep the world of children innocent. This indicates a character change in Holden that has resulted from his experiences. He now sees that there's less to be gained in criticizing phonies than there is to be in saving and developing innocence. Death Death is another consistent theme in the novel.
When Holden fears for his own existence, such as when he feels that he might disappear, he speaks to Allie. He is haunted by the thought of Allie in the rainy cemetery surrounded by tombstones and dead people. Holden associates death with the mutability of time. He wishes that everything could just stay the way it is, that time could stand still, especially when something beautiful happens.
When he compares this to the displays under glass at the museum, Holden seems to be rejecting life itself. Aging and mutability are inevitable. When he resists change, Holden is fighting the biological clock that eventually will result in old age and death.
He also resists simply growing up. It is not unusual for any of us to be concerned about sex as adolescents, but Holden is especially so. He has the usual biological yearnings but has mixed feelings about how he should respond to them. Although he is a romantic, he still admits that he is sexually driven.
When a girl says she wants to stop, Holden stops. Unfortunately, Holden seems to think this is one of his weaknesses. During the encounter with Sunny, the prostitute, Holden decides that he simply does not want to go through with the act of sex. While talking later with Carl Luce at the Wicker Bar, Holden wonders if he needs psychoanalysis because he has difficulty being intimate with a girl unless he really cares about her.
Luce, who likes to pose as a sophisticate, lacks the maturity or good sense to tell Holden that these feelings are admirable.
Holden Caulfield Character Analysis
Although Holden is understandably bothered by Mr. Holden and the readers might notice that the teacher pats him on the head, not the genitals. Thinking about major themes can be helpful to the reader. However, as readers of any work of fiction especially with a novel as complex and richly ambiguous as The Catcher in the Rye we need to be careful not to try to define or dissect too much.
Most interpretations of the novel are debatable. The Catcher in the Rye remains a force in literature precisely because it may mean many things to many different people. Alienation as a Form of Self-Protection Throughout the novel, Holden seems to be excluded from and victimized by the world around him. As he says to Mr.The Catcher in the Rye - "Catch Me" - Holden & Phoebe
The truth is that interactions with other people usually confuse and overwhelm him, and his cynical sense of superiority serves as a type of self-protection. He never addresses his own emotions directly, nor does he attempt to discover the source of his troubles.
He desperately needs human contact and love, but his protective wall of bitterness prevents him from looking for such interaction. For example, his loneliness propels him into his date with Sally Hayes, but his need for isolation causes him to insult her and drive her away.
Similarly, he longs for the meaningful connection he once had with Jane Gallagher, but he is too frightened to make any real effort to contact her. He depends upon his alienation, but it destroys him. While it is appropriate to discuss the novel in such terms, Holden Caulfield is an unusual protagonist for a bildungsroman because his central goal is to resist the process of maturity itself.
As his thoughts about the Museum of Natural History demonstrate, Holden fears change and is overwhelmed by complexity.
He wants everything to be easily understandable and eternally fixed, like the statues of Eskimos and Indians in the museum. Nothing reveals his image of these two worlds better than his fantasy about the catcher in the rye: His created understandings of childhood and adulthood allow Holden to cut himself off from the world by covering himself with a protective armor of cynicism. Antolini and Phoebe, reveal the shallowness of his conceptions. Romanticizing Nature and Longing for Innocence Confronted with either obnoxious schoolmates or the bustling pace of New York, Holden finds his nerves fraying.
He often turns to a romantic image of nature to find solace. For example, when he arrives in the city, he asks the cab driver if he knows where the ducks in Central Park go when the lagoon freezes over. It is something Holden has been wondering about ever since his preparations to leave Pencey.
Holden Caulfield and the Culture of Sexual Assault - The Millions
The driver's curt reply is a reminder that not everyone shares Holden's values. When Holden checks into a hotel, he is surrounded by prostitutes, perverts and heavy drinkers, all of which contrast with the serenity of the park. Later, Holden returns to the subject of the ducks with another cab driver.
It seems that if he could get an answer to this question, his mind would be at ease, knowing the ducks are safe. It is a childish desire, in away, but it also offers an important insight into Holden's psyche.
Holden also conjures up an image of nature and innocence intertwined when he makes a spur-of-themoment proposal to run away with Sally Hayes. He talks about living in "cabin camps" and later getting a house near a brook, somewhere in rural Massachusetts or Vermont, away from the corruption of the city. Sally's dismissal of the notion reinforces his outsider status again.
It is not surprising that Holden's epiphany of happiness at the end of the novel occurs in Central Park. Watching his sister Phoebe riding a carousel, he states: The park evokes his own fond memories of childhood, before his brother Allie's death, and seeing Phoebe circling around in this natural setting seems to bring him a sense of permanency and wholeness.
Even though Holden ends up in a sanatorium, as we are reminded in the brief final chapter, he has a stabilizing force in his life. That can give him hope for the future. For Holden, the schools represent the phony, cruel world of those who run them. Even the advertisements for Pencey Prep are misleading. Holden says he has never even seen a horse at Pencey.
How does Salinger present Holden's relationship with women?
For Holden, a more typical example of the Pencey preppie is his roommate, Ward Stradlater, a boorish womanizer who gets by on superficial good looks and fake charm. Holden is being expelled for poor academic performance, but Stradlater wants to cheat by having Holden do his English theme for him since Holden does write well.
Even more serious is the cruelty that Holden has seen at prep schools. He is ashamed of himself for going along with the crowd and joining a secret fraternity.
For Holden, the two schools are emblematic of a corrupt system designed by privileged adults and catering to boys who want to join their ranks. Allie covered the glove with poems written in green ink so that he would have something to read when things got boring in the baseball field. Holden has shown it to only one person outside the family: When he writes a descriptive theme about the glove for Stradlater to turn in for his English assignment, of course the insensitive roommate does not understand.
He bought it for one dollar in New York on the Saturday morning when he lost the fencing equipment. The cap is practical at times but is foolish-looking, with its extra-long bill and earflaps. He realizes that the hat is unfashionable and occasionally is careful about who sees it, but he loves it anyway.
He likes to wear it with the bill pointing to the back, as a baseball catcher might. For Holden, it is a reading cap as much as a protection against the cold.
Because this is a hunting cap, we might speculate on what it is that Holden is hunting. Radio City Music Hall Radio City Music Hall, with its Christmas show, the Rockettes, and the painfully sentimental war movie, symbolizes much of what Holden despises about inauthentic art that panders to the audience. Holden sees nothing religious or beautiful about the stage show.
The movie is worse, because it manipulates the audience into a sentimental glorification of war and the military, which Holden despises. Designed for children, some carrousels have a gold ring, perhaps 4 or 5 inches in diameter, hanging on the outer edge where the children might, with some difficulty, reach out and grab it as they pass by.
The child who grabs the ring wins a prize of some sort: However, there is some risk in going for the gold ring.
The rider might even fall. So the gold ring represents a hope, a dream, and the chances that we must take to grab it.
It is a major step for Holden to accept that kids will grab for the gold ring and adults must let them. It is part of life and part of growing up. He also mentions that he is troubled by the fact that he has changed every time he returns to them. The museum represents the world Holden wishes he could live in: For most of the book, he sounds like a grumpy old man who is angry at the world, but his search for the ducks represents the curiosity of youth and a joyful willingness to encounter the mysteries of the world.
It is a memorable moment, because Holden clearly lacks such willingness in other aspects of his life. The ducks and their pond are symbolic in several ways. In addition, the ducks prove that some vanishings are only temporary. World War II was over, and the boys had come home, but to what?
Financially, life had improved significantly for the average worker since the Great Depression of the s, but inflation presented new problems. The political scene generally moved toward conservatism near the end of the s and into the s the time period of the novelbut there were noteworthy exceptions. The chocolate makers, Mars, Inc. Meanwhile, researchers in Central Africa are feverishly at work on trees that could produce seven times the amount of beans as a traditional cocoa tree.
Quantity, experts warn, will come at the cost of quality. Like the ocean closing over Manhattan or countrywide droughts, a world where chocolate is entirely rare -- or entirely mediocre -- is a dystopia the likes of which we can scarcely conceive, no matter how the charts bear it out.
How does Salinger present Holden's relationship with women? - GCSE English - Marked by cypenv.info
The prospect has turned me toward reflection and, more still, that age-old propensity to set down in writing whatever is certain to vanish. What follows here are notes on chocolate, an emotional history, if you will.
When I was 16, my family hosted two French girls for the summer, eager for their first taste of the all-American life. One afternoon, we took them to an old-fashioned ice cream parlor on the main street of St. Its shops sell beach accessories and nautical paraphernalia and its street signs are oversized, with old-time cursive lettering.
Beyond the brick-lined roads and the modest steeple of St. The ice cream parlor was a cramped, quaint shop. You could take only a few steps inside before running up against the ice cream bar, with its vast array of flavors preserved behind the refrigerated glass. It was mostly a pastel display: Patrons stood worshipfully before the bar, their lips moving silently as they read the labels.
Overwhelmed by the exoticism of options, the French girls both ordered a single vanilla scoop. I hesitated between dark chocolate fudge chunk and Dutch chocolate ripple with marshmellow. Decisions and revisions which a minute will reverse!
He scoffed loudly and unrepentantly, his contempt as pure as his perfect cone of unadulterated milk chocolate. Like Dante for Beatrice, like Petrarch for Laura, my father has eyes only for chocolate. It can be one flavor among three at a street-side vendor or one of 30 in the finest gelato emporium: It makes no difference.
He is a chocolate man, and though generous in most of his judgments, he stands fast on the subject of sweets. The origins of taste remain a matter of some scientific and philosophical debate. It seems a bit like reducing the soul to the arbitrary soup of hormones in the brain. Is it better, then, to say that a cultural inundation in childhood conditions us toward certain preferences? Antolini invites him over. Antolini is the one who carried James Castle's body away when James jumped out of his window to his death.
Antolini felt his pulse and all, and then he took off his coat and put it over James Castle and carried him all the way over to the infirmary.
He didn't even give a damn if his coat got all bloody. Antolini, Holden returns to Phoebe, who has turned on the radio to some dance music. Holden taught Phoebe to dance, and she's pretty good at it: You can cross over, or do some corny dips, or even jitterbug a little, and she stays right with you. You can even tango, for God's sake. Phoebe is the first to hear their parents come in the front door.