biosystems: The Honey Guide and Ratel
The Honey-Guide and the Honey Badger could not be more http://webecoist. cypenv.info Humans have few wild friends, but the honeyguide birds who lead Mozambican hunters to honey give us hope for relationships with mutual. The symbiotic relationship between enteric bacteria and cow is mutualism. The symbiotic relatioship between the honey guide bird and the badger is.How honeyguide birds talk to people
Humans want the honey. The birds want the bee grubs. The bird leads the humans to the honey and both species come out of the deal happier than when they went in.
In biological terms, this is mutualism. Though humans get something out of it, we are undoubtedly being exploited in the process.
biosystems: The Honey-Guide and the Honey Badger(Ratel): A true story of love and symbiosis.
Mutualism like this is quite rare in nature, mostly because natural selection lacking any kind of foresight or sense of fair play is so readily drawn to those that cheat.
Partnerships inevitably break down, relationships shatter. There is no special tune that we can sing to magically attract nearby hedgehogs into our gardens to feast on slugs. There will never be a special wink that fishermen can offer otters, encouraging them to catch fish that we might then de-bone for them, in return for some of the catch. The world is poorer for this. Perhaps it is because, for all our intelligence, we still lack the foresight to trust.
Perhaps, like so many other creatures, we are too readily drawn to cheating. It is hard to be sure. There are many relationships between humans and animals that come close to mutualism, however. Think of the traditional fishermen of Japan and Chinawith their cormorants that they send to the depths of rivers to collect fish that they then share with their masters. Think of the rats that locate landmines in exchange for treats. That hawk they get out at Wimbledon every year. There is only one hand on the tiller, steering it toward human profit — a human one.
We own the deal, nearly always, when we work with other animals.
Can the honeyguide show us a new way to connect with nature?
And they become, bit-by-bit, spoilt as a result. Not that the honeyguide is a saint, of course. In addition to badgers pale chanting-goshawks have also been recorded following slender mongoose, Galerella sanguinea and snakes in what appear to be similar associations. The dark chanting goshawk Melierax metabates has been observed following Ground hornbills, Bucorvus leadbeateri.
In addition we are aware of two anecdotal observations of the dark chanting- goshawk Melierax metabates P.
Honey-guides and badgers have been observed together on a number of occasions but such the association is disputed by some ornithologists. The research in the Kalahari where the greater honey-guide does not occur suggests that elements of both arguments are incorrect, simply because so little information has been available on badger behaviour in the wild; for instance, badgers are competent tree climbers and do break into bee hives during the day contrary to previous scientific opinion.
In Niassa Reserve, Mozambique where both species exist, the Greater honey-guide was seen with the honey badger on only one occasion although badgers were regularly seen to break into hives and honey guides are common. It is possible that the honeyguide follows the badger similar to the badger —goshawk rather than the badger following the bird. There is no doubt that the honey-guide leads man to hives.
We have personally observed this on many occasions. Spotted Eagle-owl, Bubo africanus Spotted eagle-owls have been recorded following honey badgers in the Kalahari.
The Honey Badger - Associations
This association was first reported by P Steyn in who states that the eagle-owl was seen in the company of a Pale chanting-goshawk in broad daylight as they followed a badger.
Badgers and other mammals African wildcat, Ethiopian wolves, and black-backed jackals have all been observed following honey badgers during both the day and the night. In the Kalahari, black-backed jackals Canis mesomelas are frequently seen following badgers whilst they foraged. The relatively slow badger is powerless to prevent these hangers-on and seems to gain no advantage from their company.
This relationship changes during the jackal breeding season when pups are potential prey of honey badgers, and during this time jackals chase and nip at badgers that come close to their den. Likewise when badgers have a young cub in the den, jackals are chased off as they are known to taken badger cubs.
We would encourage anyone who has seen interesting behaviour to contact us.