Illustrate the relationship of total product marginal and average Physical Production: Total Product, Average Product and Marginal Product production are: (1) Total Product (2) Average Product (3) Marginal Product. . The relationship between average product and marginal product and how both of . Let us study the definitions of Total Product, Average Product and Marginal Product in simple and the relationship between Marginal product and Total Product. The mathematical connection between marginal product and total product is the relationship between a marginal product, a total product, and an average.

Total product is the total amount produced per a set of resources, average product is the average cost per unit produced per set of resources, and marginal product is the cost for the very next unit to be produced in resources. Total Product Obviously, it is beneficial for a firm to know the total amount of resources that it will need for a coming period of time in order to manufacture a given amount of goods.

Likewise, it is also useful for a company to know how much it plans on selling.

cypenv.info - Total Product, Marginal Product and Average Product

This is where the usefulness of total product shines. By expressing exactly how much of a given product will be produced for a given amount of resources, firms can make more efficient purchases of raw materials by hunting for lower prices over time. Let's say you and your three housemates were planning a party, and you've been sent to get hamburgers and hamburger buns from the warehouse store. By knowing that each of you will invite a guest, you know to buy supplies for eight people.

And you also know that you need hamburgers for your party, not steaks. If you were to ignore this, you'd risk being inefficient, and we'll see soon what happens when companies are inefficient. Average Product The average product, on the other hand, tells us exactly what goes into making each and every item we produce. This is crucial in helping a firm determine a fair price point for its goods, as well as for helping a firm to realize if there are any efficiencies that could be applied in order to reduce overall costs.

Physical Production : Total Product, Aver­age Product and Marginal Product

In other words, say that you've returned from your trip to the warehouse club with the supplies for the party, as well as a big box of crackers. Suppose the firm wishes to fix the amount of input Y at the level Y1. Total, Marginal, and Average Product Curves: The marginal product of a factor, MPX, is the change in output associated with a oneunit change in the factor input, holding all other inputs constant. This expression assumes that the quantity of the other input, Y, remains unchanged.

Marginal product is shown in column 3 of Table and in Figure. Average Product Average product is total product divided by the number of units of input employed: For a continuous total product function, as illustrated in Figure, marginal product equals the slope of the total product curve, whereas average product equals the slope of a line drawn from the origin to a point on the total product curve.

The average and marginal products for input X can be determined in this manner, and these points are plotted to form the average and marginal product curves shown in Figure.

Physical Production : Total Product, Aver­age Product and Marginal Product

Three points of interest, A, B, and C, can be identified on the total product curve in Figure. Each has a corresponding location on the average or marginal curves. Point A is the inflection point of the total product curve. The marginal product of X the slope of the total product curve increases until this point is reached, after which it begins to decrease.

The second point on the total product curve, B, indicates the output at which the average product and marginal product are equal. The slope of a line from the origin to any point on the total product curve measures the average product of Xat that point, whereas the slope of the total product curve equals the marginal product.