Read publications, and contact Rodolfo Nayga on ResearchGate, the Karen Lindsay .. On the Measurement of Consumer Preferences and Food Choice Behavior: The Relation Between Visual Attention and Choices .. USDA organic, carbon trust, health claim, and calories) are relevant in driving food choices. RODOLFO T. GALING, Galing in connection with dishonored checks issued by Manila City the accused in the criminal cases, and the latters daughter Karen . The nature of the relationship is, therefore, one of trust and. On the night of 14 April , Karen, who had just turned 21, was . Months into the ordeal, Rudy requested that the doctors disconnect . Physicians argue that trust is the cornerstone of the patient-doctor relationship, and.
They also agreed that the chances of her coming out of her coma were next to nil. In retrospect, it is still difficult for me to imagine what I would have done in their position. On the one hand, Karen was in a state where her quality of life was almost subhuman.
She was dependent on a machine to help her breathe. She needed artificial nutrition, in spite of which she was seriously underweight. And it was clear that there was no available technology or intervention that would help her regain any of her normal functions. Subjecting her to these interventions was not making her feel better in any conceivable way, and keeping them going was not going to make her feel different either.
And yet, at that time, all this was happening in a complete ethical and legal vacuum. Physicians are trained to think autonomously and to manage the patient in front of them. Several times a day, physicians face ethical decisions. Most of the time, they do what is congruent with their own moral compass. At that time, they rarely looked over their shoulder and second-guessed a decision. Frequently they would go ahead and write their own rules. Variability in medical practice increases as one moves into a data-free zone, and ethical decisions at the end of life were about as data- and legislation-free as it got.
They were also wary of the consequences they might face if they went ahead. The doctors said they were warned that prosecutors could bring murder charges against them if they disconnected the ventilator — a claim that seems plausible, given the lack of legal precedent. That they paused to think about what their decision would mean on a global level is commendable. For the Quinlans, the decision to request that life support be withdrawn had not been easy.
They had spent several months pondering the situation.
Joseph Quinlan conferred with his local priest, who also agreed with withdrawing care, given the low likelihood of Karen having any meaningful recovery. It was then that they decided to file a suit and take the matter to court. The Quinlans probably had no idea that they had just initiated one of the most significant lawsuits of their time.
Precedent was not on their side.
When life is a fate worse than death
Just a few weeks earlier, a New Jersey court sitting in Newark had not allowed a year-old woman with terminal leukaemia the right to refuse a feeding tube. This was also a time when paranoia regarding removal of support for terminally ill patients was very high.
In the decades following Quinlan, all manner of domestic policy issues were recast as matters of life and death: It was disclosed just before the trial went to court that Karen did not have an entirely flat EEG, and that she could breathe spontaneously from time to time without support from the ventilator. Therefore, the one thing that everyone agreed upon in this case was that Karen was not dead. This was the first time that the courts had formally analysed the myriad complexities that had arisen in the care of patients at the end of life after advances in technology had made those discussions even possible.
End-of-life care posed vexing and intricate questions, with substantial overlap between medicine, theology and laws pertaining to human dignity, privacy and autonomy. The trial started on 20 Octoberat the New Jersey superior court, presided over by Justice Robert Muir Jr, and lasted for about two weeks.
To bolster this claim, respondent pointed out that the complaint filed by complainant against Ms. Koa for estafa and violation of B. Respondent contended that he is a close friend of the opposing parties in the criminal cases. He further contended that complainant Justo and Ms. Koa are likewise long time friends, as in fact, they are comares for more than 30 years since complainant is the godmother of Ms.
When life is a fate worse than death | Society | The Guardian
Koa and her daughters request that they be represented by him in the cases filed against them by complainant and complainants daughter. He maintained that the filing of the Motion for Consolidation which is a non-adversarial pleading does not evidence the existence of a lawyer-client relationship between him and Ms. Likewise, his appearance in the joint proceedings should only be construed as an effort on his part to assume the role of a moderator or arbiter of the parties.
He insisted that his actions were merely motivated by an intention to help the parties achieve an out of court settlement and possible reconciliation. He reported that his efforts proved fruitful insofar as he had caused Ms. Koa to pay complainant the amount of P 50, Respondent averred that the failure of Ms. Torralba to make good the other checks caused a lot of consternation on the part of complainant.
This allegedly led her to vent her ire on respondent and file the instant administrative case for conflict of interest. In a resolution dated 19 Octoberthe Board of Governors of the IBP adopted and approved with modification the findings of its Investigating Commissioner. They found respondent guilty of violating Canon 15, Rule It was recommended that he be suspended from the practice of law for one 1 year with a warning that a repetition of the same or similar acts will be dealt with more severely.
It was established that in Aprilrespondent was approached by complainant regarding the dishonored checks issued by Manila City Councilor Koa. It was also established that on 25 Julya Motion for Consolidation was filed by respondent in I.
Arlene Koa and I. Respondent stated that the movants in these cases are mother and daughter while complainants are likewise mother and daughter and that these cases arose out from the same transaction.
Karen Lewis DeLong | IDEAS/RePEc
Thus, movants and complainants will be adducing the same sets of evidence and witnesses. Respondent argued that no lawyer-client relationship existed between him and complainant because there was no professional fee paid for the services he rendered. Moreover, he argued that he drafted the demand letter only as a personal favor to complainant who is a close friend. We are not persuaded. A lawyer-client relationship can exist notwithstanding the close friendship between complainant and respondent.
The relationship was established the moment complainant sought legal advice from respondent regarding the dishonored checks. By drafting the demand letter respondent further affirmed such relationship.
The fact that the demand letter was not utilized in the criminal complaint filed and that respondent was not eventually engaged by complainant to represent her in the criminal cases is of no moment.
As observed by the Investigating Commissioner, by referring to complainant Justo as my client in the demand letter sent to the defaulting debtor respondent admitted the existence of the lawyer-client relationship. Such admission effectively estopped him from claiming otherwise. Likewise, the non-payment of professional fee will not exculpate respondent from liability.