Scaring White America: Malcolm X | From the Guardian | The Guardian
Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X utilized key techniques such as religious .. racial barriers, and offers an image of "children," equal in relationship to God, singing of labor market, and indeed one's sense of 'identity. As the magazine hit the stands, Martin Luther King was in jail in and Malcolm X's life, it also proved a pivotal moment in the relationship. Back in the s, Martin Luther King and Malcolm X were widely regarded as the two most influential activists who pressed for the rights of.
An example of his initiative during this time can be seen in his impromptu meeting with Martin in Washington, D. I really did come thinking that I could make it easier. Martin was visibly disturbed by the news. While we did not always see eye to eye on methods to solve the race problem, I always had a deep affection for Malcolm and felt that he had the great ability to put his finger on the existence and root of the problem.
He was an eloquent spokesman for his point of view and no one can honestly doubt that Malcolm had a great concern for the problems that we face as a race. While I know that this is a difficult hour for you, I am sure that God will give you the strength to endure. I will certainly be remembering you in my prayers and please know that you have my deepest sympathy. Always consider me a friend and if I can do anything to ease the heavy load that you are forced to carry at this time, please feel free to call on me.
Perhaps that was because I had just met him [at Selma], and perhaps it was because I had begun to understand him better. Martin and I had reassessed our feelings toward him. We realized that since he had been to Makkah and had broken with Elijah Muhammad, he was moving away from hatred toward internationalism and against exploitation.
What a pity that this man who was so talented and such an articulate spokesman for black people should have to die just as he was reaching for something of real value. Both have a secure place in history.
The Assassinations of Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr.
I merely want to show that however much the disciples of passive resistance detest violence, they are politically impotent without it. Nobody knows about that. King said dee-de-dee and Malcolm said dah-de-dah. One of the main obstacles to tackling any of these injustices is to resolve the endless debate on the right way to react and resist. The lesson Martin and Malcolm taught is really very simple, yet so easily forgotten or ignored: On the other hand, Malcolm X advocated complete separation of blacks from whites.
He called upon the nation's ethnic Africans to pursue the cause of "black nationalism" and to go it alone. King preached persistently against the use of violence, even in self-defence. He firmly believed that "the ultimate weakness of violence is that it is a descending spiral, begetting the very thing it seeks to destroy". However, Malcolm X insisted that "a man with a rifle or a club can only be stopped by a person who defends himself with a rifle or a club".
History's verdict on the two men is loud and clear: Martin Luther King remains a towering figure for his inclusive approach and for his insistence on non-violent means in pursuing his social goals. Malcolm X is now only occasionally remembered as a firebrand whose radical cause got nowhere.
There are some lessons to be learned from these two impressive characters of the last century. Knowing what I now know of the various agencies of the US government investigative agencies of the US government with respect to Martin King, for example, and knowing what they did to political parties, like the Black Panther Parties, I have no doubt that the assassination of Malcolm X was calculated, planned by agencies at the highest level of this government.
It outlines the motives for their actions. From Page of The Judas Factor: The request for information had come from the U. This, then, is the story of The Judas Factor. Evanzz documents that Ahmed Ben Bella, the leader of the Algerian Revolution, had invited Malcolm X ; along with Che Guevara and other leaders of independence movements; to a special conference in Bandung scheduled to begin on March 3, Malcolm X had also been able to get Ethiopia and Liberia to include human rights violations against African Americans with their petition on South African human rights violations before the International Court of Justice at The Hague.
The petition was scheduled to be heard on March 12, Evanzz provides concrete evidence that Martin Luther King was going to support Malcolm X in his project to bring the struggle of human rights before the United Nations and had begun to also identify with the struggles for human rights in Africa.
Malcolm X was assassinated on February, 21,a week and a half before the conference was to take place. Soon after the assassination, several African government officials who had been working with Malcolm X were also assassinated and the Ben Bella government in Algeria was overthrown in June FBI memos indicate that they maneuvered within the NOI to keep their informant in the best possible leadership position to carry out their covert activities.
It is clear from the book that a coordinated effort was carried out between all government spy agencies to widen the split between Malcolm X and Elijah Muhammad, to increase tensions between their organizations, and to undermine their support among African Americans. The assassins sat in the area where I normally sat to hear Malcolm X speak.
When I look over in that direction to see who was sitting in my usual seating area, that was when I saw the same man that I later saw at the Harlem police station, when I was questioned by the police. Evanzz found in the FBI files a script for a movie on the assassination of Malcolm X, which Lomax was working on at the time of his death. He died in a car accident caused by brake failure. On pages of the book, Conspiracys: On page Kondo wrote: This could well explain why Ali was considered an informant.
The bureau knows and invariably weaves financial considerations into its snitch jacket scripts. Age of Surveillance, p. This is a grave mistake.
The Bureau informant frequently played the role of special agent during the 60s and 70s. There are at least 45, more pages. It is also important to also note that John Ali had met with Talmadge Hayer on February 20,the evening before the assassination of Malcolm X. The most important aspect, however, is not whether Ali was the high-level agent, but the fact that the FBI did indeed have a high-level person in the NOI in their employ.
Certain things seem agreed upon by everybody: People entering the rally were not searched. On the other hand, they were all scrutinized by OAAU aides as they entered the hall. Police said that one of the three, identified later as Talmadge Hayer, twenty-two, of Paterson, New Jersey, had received a bullet in the leg by the time he got to the exit of the building. The police also alleged that he had been wounded by Reuben Francis, a Malcolm guard. Hayer was seized outside the building by the people pursuing him.
So was another man. The people began to beat and kick Hayer and the second man. Police arrived and rescued the two being beaten, taking them away from the crowd. The third man got away. He got away because the crowd did not catch him. This is a morning paper, which means that the first edition of the paper dated Monday actually appeared Sunday evening, a few hours after the killing.
The top headline in the first city edition reads: The top headline is unchanged. But the subhead is different. Perhaps the whole thing never happened?
Scaring White America
Perhaps Breslin, in the heat of the moment, had in his first story reported a mere rumor as a fact, and, being unable to verify it, decided not to repeat it in later editions? But there are three morning papers in New York, and in their first editions they all said it happened.
For example, let us examine the first city edition of the New York Times for February The subhead is very clear: But when we turn to the late city edition of the same Times, printed only a few hours later, we find that its subhead, too, has changed. In fact, the story has more about Hoy than it had in the city edition. This time the Times reports: He said he put this man--not otherwise identified later for newsmen--into a police car to be taken to the Wadsworth Avenue station.
But there cannot be any doubt in the mind of anyone reading the accounts I have cited that a second man was captured and taken away by the police. Why did the press lose interest in him so suddenly, at a time that it was filling its pages with all kinds of material about the murder, including the silliest trivialities and wildest rumors? The Civil Rights Movement: A Photographic History, Immediately after it released the report; affirming that Ray was the lone assassin;this committee sealed all of the evidence it had in its possession for 50 years until The only logical reason to keep the files secret is to protect the guilty.
Recently, new facts on this assassination have come to light. At the conclusion of the trial, Dexter King, Dr. This was the most incredible cover-up of the century, and now it has been exposed. Now we can finally move on with our lives. The King family, along with their attorney, William Pepper, plan to lobby historians and elected officials to get the official record of the assassination changed.
There have always been many unanswered questions about the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. From the beginning it has been clear that the FBI was involved to one degree or another. The FBI leaked the information to the Memphis press that King was going to be staying at a white hotel a couple of days prior to his arrival in the city.
This forced King to stay at the less secure Lorraine Motel. This gave time to anyone who wanted King dead to plan an assassination and made it more difficult for the FBI to be accused of the crime.
Why would the government be part of the conspiracy against King? Why would they want him dead? His final speeches and actions reveal that he had begun to view the struggle for equality as an economic struggle and the capitalist economic system as the problem.