Polio in pakistan and afghanistan relationship

Progress and Challenges Fighting Polio in Pakistan and Afghanistan | CDC Newsroom | CDC

Afghanistan and Pakistan officially are now the only two nations across the globe to have reported wild polio virus cases so far this year, though. The poliovirus knows no borders, making children on both sides of the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan vulnerable to contracting the. To inform understanding of the relationship between insecurity and . Polio eradication efforts along the Pakistan–Afghanistan border have faced unique.

Today, the disease exists in just three countries, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria—all of which have populations living with insecurity due to violence from militants. Despite health worker efforts, the disease has persisted.

Pakistan, Afghanistan Report Historic Dip in Polio Cases

In this new effort, the researchers sought to find if it truly was insecurity preventing the eradication of polio in Pakistan by comparing eradication campaigns with military casualty records and polio infections rates in northwest Pakistan—militants there have been waging a war against government soldiers since The team compiled polio infection rates on a district-by-district basis for the years toand eradication campaign data for the years to They compared what they found against reports of armed violence in the region for roughly the same time periods.

They found that when eradication campaigns were carried out during times of higher insecurity due to military conflictvaccination rates declined by 5. The team noted that in many cases, eradication teams continued with their efforts in spite of the danger, though there were times when the danger was too great, resulting in cancellation of efforts.

The team estimates that up tochildren in the region have missed out on being vaccinated due to insecurity. They note also that there is room for error in their statistics due to the tendency of some eradication officials to falsify records to improve their apparent results. The researchers conclude that insecurity does, indeed, appear to be a factor in preventing the eradication of polio in Pakistan, which suggests the disease will not be eradicated until armed conflict in the region ends.

Pakistan-Afghanistan Relations (CSS family)

Insecurity, polio vaccination rates, and polio incidence in northwest Pakistan, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Methods We examine the geographical relationship between violence represented by the location of detonated Improvised Explosive Devices and polio incidence by generating maps of IEDs and polio incidence duringand by comparing the mean number of IED detonations in polio high-risk districts with non polio high-risk districts during — Results We demonstrate a geographic relationship between IED violence and incident polio.

Districts that have high-risk for polio have highly statistically significantly greater mean numbers of IEDs than non polio high-risk districts p-values 0. Conclusions The geographic relationship between armed conflict and polio incidence provides valuable insights as to how to plan a vaccination campaign in violent contexts, and allows us to anticipate incident polio in the regions of armed conflict.

Such information permits vaccination planners to engage interested armed combatants to co-develop strategies to mitigate the effects of violence on polio. Background Poliomyelitis, a viral disease spread via fecal contamination of food or water sources, has been a source of death and disability worldwide for millennia.

Pakistan, Afghanistan Report Historic Dip in Polio Cases

Inglobal paralytic polio incidence was approximatelycases annually [ 1 ]. Inrecognizing the massive global disease burden, the World Health Organization WHO outlined a plan for global eradication by the year [ 2 ]. The subsequent mass immunization campaigns enjoyed tremendous success: While these numbers indicate that eradication of polio is possible, armed conflict has stymied progress in several key regions.