Duryodhana - Wikipedia
Draupadi's relationship with the Pandavas is complex and at the heart of the Mahabharat. 1. Draupadi and Arjuna: Let's jump right in with the most important. thick and thin. Their relation with Draupadi was dictated by Yudhisthir. “I'm still learning from you, as I'm trying to reach my goals. I certainly. Arjuna bursts out at Yudhishtir on 17 th day. avamamstha maam It is not fair to judge Draupadi and fix goals or set restrictions for her. She did emerge a winner .
He said that the brother who broke this rule will have to go into exile for 12 years. Arjun disturbed Yudhisthir and Draupadi.
Arjun had to retrieve his weapons from the armory, in order to help a poor Brahmin whose cows had been stolen by thieves. As a result, Arjun had to depart on his 12 exile. During these 12 years, Arjun meets Indra Dev, gets cursed by Urvashi, learns lot of new skills from multiple teachers, marries Subadhra, followed by Chitrangada, etc.
Among all of her husbands, Bhim was the only one who loved Draupadi the most. He always fulfilled all her desires and could not bear seeing her hurt. He even cried when he learnt that his wife would have to serve as a Sairandhri servant to Queen Sudeshna of Matsya. He was the one who killed Kauravas to avenge the insult to Draupadi.
Draupadi also ran to Bhim when she was molested by Keechak in Matsya Kingdom. She was prone to outbursts of rage, and made unreasonable, unwise demands. Though a savage monster with others, Bhim was always tender with Draupadi.
Yudhisthira, Bhima, Arjuna and Draupadi
Nakul and Sahadev were more loyal to Yudhisthir than anyone else was. They always followed him everywhere and did exactly as he asked. The Pandavas lose and begin their exile. The Emperor[ edit ] In the Chaturdhari compilation, it is interpolated that Karna took up the task of establishing Duryodhana as the Emperor of the world India. Karna embarks upon a worldwide military campaign, otherwise called Digvijaya Yatra. No person in the entire universe, except Lord Vishnu, had performed this Vaishnava sacrifice.
Duryodhana thus became the most powerful and the wealthiest man in the world. With the help of Karna, Duryodhana even made plans and preparations to conquer Indrathe lord of the heavens and the father of Arjuna in order to become the sovereign ruler of both heaven and earth.
Although Dhritarashtra openly criticizes his son, he tacitly desires that Duryodhana retain his throne. In a final attempt at securing peace, Krishna returns with the Pandavas' final proposal: Scoffing, Duryodhana says he will not even give even a needlepoint of land to the Pandavas.
Egged on by Krishna, Duryodhana attempts to arrest him. Krishna reveals his Vishvarupa form. The entire Kaurava court, save for Bhishma, Drona, Vidura, and Dhritarashtra who was granted divine vision in order to see that by supporting his son, he was going against Godis temporarily blinded by the form.
This confirms to those present that Krishna is indeed an avatar of Vishnu.
Draupadi - Wikipedia
Duryodhana, being vastly egoistic in some versions of the story an outright atheistbrushes off the incident, not convinced of Krishna's divinity, and believing that strength of arms, not philosophywould win him a war. Gathering the army[ edit ] With war inevitable, Duryodhana gathers support from his powerful vassals. The most legendary warriors — BhishmaDronaKarnaKripaAshwatthamaShrutyudhaeven those who were critical of him are forced to fight for Duryodhana due to their previous commitments.
He ends up amassing a larger army than his rivals. Shakuni also advises Duryodhana to seek Krishna's help. Duryodhana rushes to Dwarika only to find Krishna sleeping; he waits at the head of Krishna's bed when suddenly, Arjuna arrives with the same goal in mind. Arjuna waits at the foot of Krishna's bed. When Krishna wakes up, both Duryodhana and Arjuna appeal for his alliance. Krishna offers a choice of himself, completely unarmed, or the entire Vrishini army.
Duryodhana proclaims that because he arrived first, he should get first-pick. However, Krishna says that because he saw Arjuna first and because Arjuna is younger, that Arjuna gets first choice.
Duryodhana becomes worried but is overjoyed when Arjuna elects to reject Krishna's army in favor of Krishna alone. Joyously, Duryodhana returns to Hastinapura with the Vrishini army in-hand, only to be rebuked by Shakuni, who comments that Krishna is worth many armies by himself. Duryodhana also manages to win the army of Shalyathe maternal uncle of the Pandavas.
Duryodhana intercepts Shalya's army as it comes to Kurukshetra and offers hospitality; Shalya accepts thinking Yudhishthira had made the offer. After Shalya has enjoyed Duryodhana's comforts, Duryodhana reveals the duplicity and indicates that Shalya is now indebted to him. He uses this indebtedness to extract Shalya's army and support. Duryodhana wanted Shalya mainly so that Karna would have an equivalent charioteer to Arjuna's Krishna.
During the War[ edit ] In the war, Duryodhana repeatedly eggs on the invincible Bhishma and Drona to forward his cause, even though his main hope is Karna. He desires to appoint Karna as his commander-in-chief ; however, Karna and Shakuni point out that his already reluctant allies would much rather fight under Bhishma, an older, experienced, god-bornkshatriya than fight under a suta-putra. Reluctantly, Duryodhana appoints Bhishma as the commander in chief. When Bhishma falls to Arjuna, Duryodhana appoints Drona as commander-in-chief and orders him to capture Yudhishthira to win the war.
On the thirteenth day of battle, his heir Lakshmana is killed by Arjuna's son, Abhimanyuwho proceeds to try and arrest Duryodhana. Duryodhana orders his soldiers to brutally kill of Abhimanyu, even if thought it takes unethical means to finish him off.
Duryodhana is repeatedly frustrated, as the Pandavas succeed in downing Drona, and is emotionally distraught when, on the 14th dayArjunaenraged by Abhimanyu's death, tears through the Kaurava army and slays Duryodhana's brother-in-law Jayadratha. Throughout the war, Bhima is steadily slaying his brothers, increasing his misery and bringing him closer to a defeat. Duryodhana's hopes are finally shattered when Karna is felled by the strategy of Lord Krishna and Arjuna.
It is said that Duryodhana never shed a single tear for any of his real brothers except Dushasana who were killed in the battlefield, but when his beloved friend Karna was slain, he was inconsolable. Duryodhana appoints Shalya as the next commander-in-chief. On the final day of war, Duryodhana takes out his anger by smashing open Chekitana's head.
As Shalya is killed by Yudhishthira, Duryodhana's paltry army-once eleven akshauhinis strong-breaks, and the army is essentially routed. Having lost his horseDuryodhana leaves the battlefield.
He cools his body by entering a lake, all hope of winning lost. Yet, he prepares for his final battle; for a death befitting a warrior on the battlefield and hoping to reunite with his friends and relations in the afterlife. He re-emerges from the lake after Ashwatthama and Kripa counsel him to face his destiny with courage. In some versions of the story, after Karna's death, Duryodhana doesn't even join his army and instead heads immediately to the lake.
When the Pandavas and Krishna eventually find him, Duryodhana tells them that he wants to gift the kingdom to them, and retire to the forest. Yudhishthira balks at the offer, telling him that Hastinapur is not Duryodhana's to gift. Instead, he offers that Duryodhana may pick any of the Pandava brothers to fight against one-to-one with a weapon of his choice, with the winner of the conflict the victor of the war.
Despite his proposed advantage over Yudhishthira, ArjunaNakulaor Sahadeva with the gadaDuryodhana picks his nemesis Bhima. Despite Bhima's physical advantage, Duryodhana had the better technique due to his devotion to his craft.
After a long and brutal battle between the two disciples of Balarama, Duryodhana begins to exhaust Bhima, and nearly makes Bhima faint. At this point, Krishna, observing the fight, calls out to Bhima and signals him by repeatedly clapping his own thigh with his hand.
As intended, Bhima was reminded of an oath he had taken after the game of dice to crush Duryodhana's thighs. Bhima victoriously attacks Duryodhana with his mace and strikes his thigh, mortally wounding Duryodhana. After having his face insultingly kicked by Bhima, Duryodhana bemoans that he was slain by unfair means, given that it was illegal to attack below the waist in a mace fight. Infuriated at the violation, Balaramathe brother of Lord Krishna, raises his weapon to attack.
Lord Krishna consoles Balarama, by reminding him of Duryodhana's evil deeds, and reprimands him for trying to influence a war he refused to participate in. Relenting but fuming, Balarama curses Bhima to be known in the world as a crooked warrior and blesses Duryodhana with glory, naming Duryodhana his greatest pupil.
He again eviscerates the Pandavas for all their chicanery during the war and decries their legacy. Venerating his own character, Duryodhana proclaims he will die happily.
Duryodhana then turns to Krishna and specifically accuses him of engineering his defeat. Upon the conclusion of these words of Duryodhana, signs from the heavens flowers and music validate the merits of Duryodhana's words. Death[ edit ] When the coast is clear, AshwatthamaKripacharyaand Kritvarmahaving witnessed the fight and not wanting to interrupt so as to rob Duryodhana of his honorcome to Duryodhana's broken body.
Duryodhana commands them to take revenge on the Pandavas, and to specifically kill all the Pandava brothers and Panchalas. Using the blood from his body, Duryodhana appoints Ashwatthama as the army's supreme commander. Already angry at the deceitful killing of his father DronaAshwatthama ambushes the Pandava camp at night.
The three warriors lay waste to the sleeping, drunkand unaware army. Other than those who had been staying in the Kaurava campfew escape the slaughter. The trio rushes to tell Duryodhana of the news. After destroying the entire Pandava camp, Ashwatthama proceeds towards Duryodhana.
At this point, there are many different versions of the interaction between Ashwatthama and Duryodhana. In some, Ashwatthama believes he has killed the Pandavas and tells this to Duryodhana, who is elated at the news.
In others, Ashwatthama knows he has only killed the Upapandavasbut lies to his friend to make him happy in his final moments. In yet others versions, Ashwatthama tells Duryodhana that he killed the Pandavas' children, and Duryodhana is either happy that the Pandava lineage would die out, or distraught that the entire Kuru clan's future has ended. There is also a version of the story where Ashwatthama arrives to find Duryodhana already dead.
This symbolizes the conclusion to the war.Who Among The Five Pandavas Was Most Loved By Draupadi?
According to the Mahabharata, after entering the svarga with a human body on Indra's invitation, Yudhishthira witnessed that Duryodhana "was seated on a beautiful throne and he shone with the splendour of the sun and around him stood in attendance the goddess of heroism and other entitys of righteousness".
Yudhishthira found this insufferable and reminded the dwellers of svarga about his sinful deeds. Following that, Narada smiled at Yudhishthira and explained that Duryodhana had suffered for his sins, and that ultimately, Duryodhana was a warrior who had defended his dharma and fought bravely and valiently.
He kept his three fingers in a raised position and is unable to speak. All the efforts made by his men to understand the meaning proved to be futile. Seeing his plight Krishna approached him and said "I know what issues occupied your mind.
I will address them". Krishna identified the issues as: Not building a fort around HastinapuraNot persuading Vidura to fight the battle, and Not making Ashwatthama the commander-in-chief after the death of Drona. On hearing this Duryodhana closed all the fingers and rested. Duryodhana concluded that these 3 factors should have surely brought him victory.
Had he built a fort around Hastinapura, he could have totally avoided the war in the first place.
If Vidura had fought on his side, he would have had the best strategist, even better than Krishna. At last, Duryodhana came to the conclusion that Krishna was, in fact, the avatar of Lord Vishnu. If Duryodhana had named Ashwatthama the commander of the army after the death of Dronavictory would have surely have been his as Ashwatthama was born from "Ansha" of Lord Shiva.