Equestria Girls: Dinosapien (Fanfic) - TV Tropes
Dinosapien [show article only] Dinosapien is an American/British/Canadian children's television program produced The series ended on June 30, .. Architectural animation can also be used to see the relationship a building will. DinoSapien is a tortured lab experiment and the horrendous result of Family and Relations. None These teeth are what we call DinoSapien's "business end . An ancient entity from the Masters universe ends up in Bridge Equestria The references were in relation to the odd happenings at the camp.
The process of fossilization varies according to type and external conditions. Permineralization is a process of fossilization that occurs when an organism is buried, the empty spaces within an organism become filled with mineral-rich groundwater. Minerals precipitate from the groundwater, occupying the empty spaces and this process can occur in very small spaces, such as within the cell wall of a plant cell. Small scale permineralization can produce very detailed fossils, for permineralization to occur, the organism must become covered by sediment soon after death or soon after the initial decay process.
The degree to which the remains are decayed when covered determines the later details of the fossil, some fossils consist only of skeletal remains or teeth, other fossils contain traces of skin, feathers or even soft tissues.
This is a form of diagenesis, in some cases the original remains of the organism completely dissolve or are otherwise destroyed. The remaining organism-shaped hole in the rock is called an external mold, if this hole is later filled with other minerals, it is a cast. An endocast or internal mold is formed when sediments or minerals fill the cavity of an organism.
This is a form of cast and mold formation. If the chemistry is right, the organism can act as a nucleus for the precipitation of minerals such as siderite, if this happens rapidly before significant decay to the organic tissue, very fine three-dimensional morphological detail can be preserved. Nodules from the Carboniferous Mazon Creek fossil beds of Illinois, USA, are among the best documented examples of such mineralization, replacement occurs when the shell, bone or other tissue is replaced with another mineral 6.
Dromaeosauridae — Dromaeosauridae is a family of feathered theropod dinosaurs. They were small to medium-sized feathered carnivores that flourished in the Cretaceous Period, the name Dromaeosauridae means running lizards, from Greek dromeus meaning runner and sauros meaning lizard. They first appeared in the mid-Jurassic Period and survived until the end of the Cretaceous, existing for over million years, until the Cretaceous—Paleogene extinction event.
The presence of dromaeosaurids as early as the Middle Jurassic has been confirmed by the discovery of isolated fossil teeth, the distinctive dromaeosaurid body plan helped to rekindle theories that at least some dinosaurs may have been active, fast, and closely related to birds.
Robert Bakkers illustration for John Ostroms monograph, showing the dromaeosaurid Deinonychus in a fast run, is among the most influential paleontological reconstructions in history. The dromaeosaurid body plan includes a large skull, serrated teeth, narrow snout. Dromaeosaurids, like most other theropods, had a moderately long S-curved neck, like other maniraptorans, they had long arms that could be folded against the body in some species, and relatively large hands with three long fingers ending in large claws.
The dromaeosaurid hip structure featured a characteristically large pubic boot projecting beneath the base of the tail, dromaeosaurid feet bore a large, recurved claw on the second toe. Their tails were slender, with long, low, vertebrae lacking transverse process and it is now known that at least some, and probably all, dromaeosaurids were covered in feathers, including large, vaned, wing and tail feathers.
Like other theropods, dromaeosaurids were bipedal, that is, they walked on their hind legs, the enlarged second toe bore an unusually large, curved, falciform claw, which is thought to have been used in capturing prey and climbing trees. This claw was especially blade-like in the large-bodied predatory eudromaeosaurs, one possible dromaeosaurid species, Balaur bondoc, also possessed a first toe which was highly modified in parallel with the second.
Both the first and second toes on each foot of B. Most of the tail vertebrae bear bony, rod-like extensions, as well as bony tendons in some species. In his study of Deinonychus, Ostrom proposed that these features stiffened the tail so that it could only flex at the base, however, one well-preserved specimen of Velociraptor mongoliensis has an articulated tail skeleton that is curved horizontally in a long S-shape.
This suggests that, in life, the tail could bend from side to side with a degree of flexibility. This may have used as an aerodynamic stabilizer and rudder during gliding or powered flight.
Dromaeosaurids were small to medium-sized dinosaurs, ranging from about 0.
A possible third lineage of giant dromaeosaurids is represented by isolated teeth found on the Isle of Wight, the teeth belong to an animal the size of the dromaeosaurine Utahraptor, but they appear to belong to velociraptorines, judging by the shape of the teeth 7. Dromaeosaurus — Dromaeosaurus was a genus of theropod dinosaur which lived during the Late Cretaceous period, sometime between The type species is Dromaeosaurus albertensis, which was described by William Diller Matthew, Dromaeosaurus was a small carnivore, about 2 m in length and 15 kg in weight.
Its mouth was full of teeth, and it had a sharply curved sickle claw on each foot. Dromaeosaurus had a relatively robust skull with a deep snout and its teeth were rather large and it had only nine of them in each maxilla. Dromaeosaurus also had a vein at the back of the head, the vena capitis dorsalis, the preparation of the popular cast by the Tyrrell Museum was only made possible by knowledge gained from other dromaeosaurids that have been discovered more recently.
The first known Dromaeosaurus remains were discovered by paleontologist Barnum Brown during a expedition to Red Deer River on behalf of the American Museum of Natural History, the area where these bones were collected is now part of Dinosaur Provincial Park in Alberta, Canada.
The find, holotype AMNH, consisted of a partial skull 24 cm in length, the skull lacked most of the top of the snout. Several other skull fragments, and about thirty isolated teeth, are known from subsequent discoveries in Alberta, in William Diller Matthew and Brown named and described the type species of Dromaeosaurus, Dromaeosaurus albertensis.
Dromaeosaurus differs from most of its relatives in having a short, massive skull, a deep mandible, the teeth tend to be more heavily worn than those of its relative Saurornitholestes, suggesting that its jaws were used for crushing and tearing rather than simply slicing through flesh. Matthew and Brown originally placed Dromaeosaurus to its own subfamily, the Dromaeosaurinae, inJohn H. Ostrom recognized that Dromaeosaurus shared many features with Velociraptor and the newly discovered Deinonychus, and assigned these forms to a new family, Dromaeosauridae.
Since then, many new relatives of Dromaeosaurus have been found, the exact relationships of Dromaeosaurus are somewhat unclear.
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Although its rugged build gives it an appearance, it was actually a very specialized animal. In analyses of the present clade Dromaeosaurinae species as Utahraptor, Achillobator, as of recently, the genus Dakotaraptor has been classified as the sister taxon to Dromaeosaurus.
Below is a cladogram by Senter et al. The cladogram below follows a analysis by paleontologists Robert DePalma, David Burnham, Larry Martin, Peter Larson, in this analysis, Dromaeosaurus is classified as the sister taxon to Dakotaraptor 8. Prenocephale — Adult Prenocephale probably weighed around kilograms and measured around 2.
Unlike the flattened wedge-shaped skull of Homalocephale, the head of Prenocephale was rounded, the dome had a row of small bony spikes and bumps. It lived in what is now Mongolia, but in upland forests. Like some other pachycephalosaurs, Prenocephale is known only from skulls, the head of Prenocephale was comparable to that of Stegoceras, albeit with closed supratemporal fenestrae. It has been suggested that Prenocephales supposed relatives, Sphaerotholus and Homalocephale, are all synoynms of Prenocephale, if this is the case, Prenocephale would have also lived in North America as well as in Mongolia.
Robert Sullivan considered Foraminacephale, Prenocephale edmontonensis, and Sphaerotholus goodwini to form a clade with the Asian taxon P. They all possess a row of nodes on the squamosal and parietal areas of the skull roof. Below is a cladogram modified from Evans et al, as with most of its relatives, scientists do not yet know what these dinosaurs ate.
However the premaxillary teeth and muzzle are not as wideset as in its relative Stegoceras, indicating different feeding preferences, some scientists suggest that it may have been an omnivore, eating both plants and insects. However, most experts agree that Prenocephale browsed on leaves and fruit, timeline of pachycephalosaur research T. Pachycephalosauria, a new suborder of ornithischian dinosaurs 9. Pinacosaurus — Pinacosaurus is a genus of medium-sized ankylosaur dinosaurs that lived from the late Santonian to the late Campanian stages of the late Cretaceous Period, in Mongolia and China.
The type species Pinacosaurus grangeriwas named inPinacosaurus mephistocephalus named inis a second possibly valid species, differing from the type species in details of the skull armour. Of Pinacosaurus grangeri many skeletons have been found, more than of any other ankylosaur and these predominantly consist of juveniles that perhaps lived in herds roaming the desert landscape of their habitat.
Pinacosaurus was about five long and weighed up to two tonnes. Its body was flat and low-slung but not as heavily built as in other members of the Ankylosaurinae. The head was protected by bone tiles, hence its name, each nostril was formed as a large depression pierced by between three and five smaller holes, the purpose of which is uncertain.
A smooth beak bit off low-growing plants that were sliced by rows of small teeth, neck, back and tail were protected by an armour of keeled osteoderms. The animal could also defend itself by means of a tail club.
Dinosapien - Wikipedia
InCharles Whitney Gilmore described an ilium and a tail vertebra. In a later publication of the year, he named and described the type species Pinacosaurus grangeri. The holotype, AMNH, was found in a layer of the Djadokhta Formation and it consists of a partially crushed skull, lower jaws, the first two neck vertebrae, and dermal bones collected in The skull is still the largest known of the genus, Pinacosaurus is the best known Asian or worldwide ankylosaur with numerous specimens having been discovered.
At another site, Alag Teeg, entire bonebeds have been uncovered of juvenile animals, Soviet-Mongolian expeditions in and reported thirty skeletons. Mongolian-Japanese expeditions added another thirty between andforty were reported by Canadian expeditions between and The remains have not been all dug up and it is possible the reports partly pertain to the same material, other, as yet undescribed material included two finds of several juveniles huddled together, evidently killed by a sandstorm.
Whereas ankylosaur skeletons have often been preserved laying on their back, most Pinacosaurus juveniles are found on their belly in a resting position, because of the many finds, in principle the entire juvenile skeleton is known Tyrannosaurus — Tyrannosaurus is a genus of coelurosaurian theropod dinosaur. The species Tyrannosaurus rex, is one of the most well-represented of the large theropods, Tyrannosaurus lived throughout what is now western North America, on what was then an island continent known as Laramidia.
Tyrannosaurus had a wider range than other tyrannosaurids. Fossils are found in a variety of rock formations dating to the Maastrichtian age of the upper Cretaceous Period,68 to 66 million years ago and it was the last known member of the tyrannosaurids, and among the last non-avian dinosaurs to exist before the Cretaceous—Paleogene extinction event.
Like other tyrannosaurids, Tyrannosaurus was a carnivore with a massive skull balanced by a long. Relative to its large and powerful limbs, Tyrannosaurus fore limbs were short.
The most complete specimen measures up to The question of whether Tyrannosaurus was a predator or a pure scavenger was among the longest ongoing debates in paleontology. It is accepted now that Tyrannosaurus rex acted as a predator, more than 50 specimens of Tyrannosaurus rex have been identified, some of which are nearly complete skeletons.DinoSapien S1E15: The Thunderbird (Series Finale)
Soft tissue and proteins have been reported in at least one of these specimens, the abundance of fossil material has allowed significant research into many aspects of its biology, including its life history and biomechanics. The feeding habits, physiology and potential speed of Tyrannosaurus rex are a few subjects of debate and its taxonomy is also controversial, as some scientists consider Tarbosaurus bataar from Asia to be a second Tyrannosaurus species while others maintain Tarbosaurus is a separate genus.
However, not every adult Tyrannosaurus specimen recovered is as big, Hutchinson et al. Other estimations have concluded that the largest known Tyrannosaurus specimens had masses approaching or exceeding 9 tonnes. Holtz has also suggested that it is reasonable to suspect that there were individuals that were 10, The neck of Tyrannosaurus rex formed a natural S-shaped curve like that of other theropods, the forelimbs had only two clawed fingers, along with an additional small metacarpal representing the remnant of a third digit.
In contrast the hind limbs were among the longest in proportion to size of any theropod. The tail was heavy and long, sometimes containing over forty vertebrae, in order to balance the massive head, to compensate for the immense bulk of the animal, many bones throughout the skeleton were hollow, reducing its weight without significant loss of strength.
The largest known Tyrannosaurus rex skulls measure up to 1. Grizzly bear — The grizzly bear, less commonly known as the silvertip bear, is a large subspecies of brown bear inhabiting North America. Scientists generally do not use the name grizzly bear but call it the North American brown bear, on average bears near the coast tend to be larger while inland Grizzlies tend to be smaller.
The Ussuri brown bear inhabiting Russia, Northern China, and Korea is sometimes referred to as black grizzly although it is a different subspecies from the bears in America, meriwether Lewis and William Clark named it to be grisley or grizzly, which could have meant grizzled or fear-inspiring.
Nonetheless, after study, naturalist George Ord formally classified it in — not for its hair. Classification has been revised along genetic lines, there are two morphological forms of Ursus arctos, the grizzly and the coastal brown bears, but these morphological forms do not have distinct mtDNA lineages. Brown bears originated in Eurasia and traveled to North America approximately 50, years ago, in the 19th century, the grizzly was classified as 86 distinct species.
However, by only seven grizzlies remained and by only one species remained globally, however, modern genetic testing reveals the grizzly to be a subspecies of the brown bear. Sunflower Orange is one of Courtney, the heroine's best friend and latter half of the Tomboy and Girly Girl pair. Though she's a bit more outgoing and understanding of the whole "Eno" situation.
Sandalwood is one of Cam, the third member of the Power Trio and nature lover with some ties to the national park service instead of First Nation ancestry. Gentle Heart is one of Dr. Hilary Slayton, the owner and main operator of the summer camp but without the paleontology background. Rumble and Apple Crumble play a similar role to Danny and Nelson Ort as the inquisitive campers, but aren't related in this version.
Averted with Eno, but played straight with his two raptor enemies. All the core trio and Eno given they are normal teenage humans and a man sized dinosaur up against threats like fully grown grizzly bears and two larger raptors. Eno never directly fights his enemies outside of one or two sneak attacks, instead using his brains to get out of a direct confrontation such as tricking his enemies to fall into a river or puffing himself up to look bigger and scarier to intimidate the bear.
Hero of Another Story: The events of the Bridge are mentioned, but the story is separate from them, just set in the same universe, so the main characters of the main story are this trope. It also takes place in the future compared to them. Eno shows strategic thinking and manages to ditch his attackers by tricking them into chasing him up a breaking tree so the falling trunk would dump them into the river. The same is also true of his enemies, as they're both very intelligent as well.
This includes luring Maia into traps with Paleo Search's voice and smashing the cast of Eno's footprint to prevent humans from interfering. Noble Bird of Prey: Eno is docile to humans, fully covered in feathers, and is often compared to an owl or hawk.
Played straight with the two enemy dinosaurs, who are trying to kill Eno and attempt to ambush Maia. Subverted with Eno, who's a similar type of creature and is gentle, but he's not a raptor he appears to be a troodontid.
Both types of dinosaurs avert this by being accurately feathered and bird-like, and having correct toe usage. Related in the Adaptation: Maia loses her locket necklace in the first chapter. Eno returns it in the end of the second.
Downplayed by no kaiju making an appearance, but this is the same Equestria Girls universe The Bridge used. X left in the cliff wall which is the subject to a lot of speculation.