Academic Calendar - University of King's College
Exhausted by the trip to Boston and the busy schedule that he kept while at the interpretations on both roads Ammianus Marcellinus' Res Gestae and this the Western of conditions for the existence of two paralel track of the Via Egnatia In the to the Greek calendar, but also the demand that in the Balkans or. Online results and entries for Track and Field, Cross Country, and Road Race meets. Save time getting results to St. Marcellinus Bagpipe Classic, Sep 25 '18 . This calendar is used by authors of ordines and other liturgical aids b-8/ Mk () Pss I 2 Tue Weekday green/red [Saints Marcellinus and Peter.
Substitutions from the Commons or Proper of Saints may be made for the other readings suggested for those s or Optional s. The Priest Celebrant, however, should not omit too often or without sufficient cause the readings assigned for each day in the weekday cycle see the Introduction to the Lectionary for Mass, no. In this Calendar, Optional s are designated by the use of italics within brackets.
The spellings of the names of Saints and Blesseds are from the Roman Missal, Third Editionbased on the Missale Romanum, editio typica tertia emendata II May 25 Aug. IV Ordinary Time Nov.
In the preparation of diocesan and provincial Calendars and ordines, the dedication of diocesan cathedrals, the dedication of parish churches, and special days of prayer cf. General Instruction of the Roman Missal, no. In several ecclesiastical provinces of the United States of America, the Solemnity of the Ascension of the Lord is transferred from May 14,to the following Sunday, May 17, In those archdioceses and dioceses, Thursday, May 14,is the of Saint Matthias, Apostle.
This is indicated in the calendar by BVM. II, or Is III, or Col 1: If circumstances demand in individual cases, the number of prescribed readings may be reduced. Once caught by the gravitational grip of the vortex spinning round the event horizon, the star, astronaut, or space-time machine would have a velocity of light speed Dieter Just as a star will accelerate toward light speed as it approaches the event horizon of a black hole Bethe et al.
Since futures and pasts overlaps and as time-space is coextensive, then time, including local time relative to a single observer, is entangled. The past may effect the future, the future can effect the past, time effects consciousness and alterations in consciousness effect the passage of time. All futures are also entangled with space-time, the quantum continuum, and subject to the Uncertainty Principle.
Therefore, future time may be continually altered until perhaps just moments before these futures are experienced by observers who are also entangled with what they experience.
Hence, although one may anticipate and predict the future, just like they may predict the weather, the ability to accurately anticipate and predict the future, like predicting future weather, may increase the closer that future is to the present.
Planning skills, goal formation, strategy, long term investments, concern for consequences, and even the most basic of calendars, all rest upon the ability to make predictions about the future. The future is like the weather, with the ability to forecast the weather decreasing in accuracy as time and distance from the present increases.
The act of observing and other forces related to cause and affect alter the quantum continuum and continually change the future as it approaches. The future may not become fixed until the moment it is perceived by an observer relative to that observer, at which point it is in the present. Hence, predictions about the future will seldom be completely accurate, and become less accurate regarding increasingly distant events in the future, but more accurate but not completely accurate regarding events in the immediate future; a consequence of entanglement and the Uncertainty Principle.
Since the past is also relative and can exist in the future for some observers and in the present for others, and as the past is entangled with the quantum continuum, then the past is also subject to change after it has been experienced and before it is experienced by another observer at a downstream location in space-time. Two historians writing about history interpret and experience the past differently. A husband and wife discussing what happened at a party the night before, disagree.
Eye-witness accounts differ among eye-witnesses REF. A peasant living in a small village in western China in may have never heard of the assassination of president John F. The past is relative. Reality, including the reality of time, is a manifestation of wave functions and alterations in patterns of activity within the quantum continuum which are perceived as discontinuous Bohr,; Planck ; Heisenberg, This also gives rise to the perception of temporal order and what comes first, second, third, and what is in the present and in the past.
The perception of temporal order, and structural units of information are not just perceived, but inserted into the quantum state which causes the reduction of the wave-packet and collapse of the wave function. The brain and mind of a time traveler also has a wave function. The Time traveler, upon observing his surroundings causes a collapse of the wave function, as predicted by the Copenhagen school of quantum physics: The loss of coherence, the creation of discontinuous states in the quantum continuum is the result of entangled interactions within the environment which results in an exchange of energy and information: These entanglements, or blemishes in the quantum continuum, may be observed as shape, form, cause, effect, past, present, future, first, second, last, an so on, all of which are the result of a decoupling of quanta from the quantum coherent continuum which leaks out and then couples together in a form of knot which is observed as a wave form collapse.
Every moment in time, is a wave form collapse of space-time at the moment of observation Bohr,; Heisenberg ; Von Neumann However, in the Copenhagen model, the observer is external to the quantum state and is not part of the collapse function but a witness to it Bohr,; Heisenberg The observer is not the creator of reality but registers the transition of the possible to the actual: The observer has, rather, only the function of registering decisions, i.
Consciousness, therefore, could be viewed as a filter, which selectively attends to fragments of the quantum continuum which are perceived as real: Therefore, according to the Copenhagen interpretation, the observing consciousness is external and separate from albeit entangled with what is observed and external to the ensuing collapse of the wave function which is collapsed by being measured and observed and this includes the observation and experience of time.
However, consciousness can also be conscious of consciousness and thus consciousness can be subject to wave form collapse when observed by consciousness Joseph Hence, consciousness and the act of observation be it visual, auditory, tactile, mechanical, digital, are entangled with the quantum continuum and creates a static and series of impressions of just a fragment of that quantum frenzy that is registered in the mind of the observer as length, width, height, seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks, months, first, second, third, and so on; like taking a series of pictures of continual motion and transformation and then believing it consists of temporal sequences when in fact, the conscious mind imposes temporal order Joseph, Just as, according to the quantum physics, the observing mind interacts with the quantum continuum and makes it possible to perceive shape and form, the conscious mind and the dreaming mind can perceive temporal sequences where there is none Joseph, a ; and those sequences include the illusion of future and past.
That is, the act of sensory registration, be it a function of a single cell, or the conscious mind of a woman or man, selects a fragment of the infinite quantum possibilities and experiences it as real, and it is real but only to that mind or that cell at the moment of registration Heisenberg As demonstrated by quantum mechanics and formalized by the Uncertainty Principle Heisenberg, what is known, is imprecise Bohr,; Dirac, a,b; Planck, Heisenberg; Neumannand this includes time.
It could be said that consciousness is consciousness of something other than consciousness Joseph Consciousness and knowledge of an object, such as a chair, are also distinct and separate.
Consciousness is not the chair. The chair is not consciousness. The chair is an object of consciousness, and thus become discontinuous from the quantum state and entangled with consciousness.
Consciousness is consciousness of something and consciousness can be conscious of not being that object that it is conscious of. Moreover, as demonstrated by neuroscience, the mind is not a singularity, but a multiplicity with different aspects of consciousness and awareness directly associated with specific regions of the brain Joseph, These different mental realms and brain areas can perceive time and the quantum continuum differently.
Time may be perceived by one brain region as lacking temporal order but as a continuum or gestalt. The mind is a multiplicity, which can become a duality, and which is often experienced as a singularity referred to as consciousness. Further, it could be said that consciousness of consciousness, that is, self-consciousness, also imparts a duality, a separation, into the fabric of the quantum continuum. Hence, this consciousness that is the object of consciousness, becomes an abstraction, and may create a collapse function in the quantum continuum Heisenberg, ; Joseph ; von Neurmann Consciousness may cause itself.
If time has a wave function and is an integral aspect of the quantum continuum which extends in all direction, not only would the future be linked to the past as a unity, but the conscious mind with its own wave function would be linked to the future and the past, thereby accounting for premonitions as well as anticipation of what is going to take place; and this is because what will take place has already taken place.
The future is entangled with and causes the premonition. And just as likely, the premonition may cause the future due to entanglement. If the future already exists, and if superluminal particles or information can arrive in the present from the future before they are perceived, this, coupled with entanglement Plenio ; Juan et al.
Consciousness is entangled with the space-time continuum which includes the future. Upon anticipating or looking into the future the observing consciousness can then engage in behaviors that are shaped and directed by that future. What constitutes a cause and what constitutes an effect, are relative and not uncommonly it is the anticipation of the future which causes the cause in the present. A man buys a beautiful woman flowers, candy, jewelry, and an expensive dinner at a five star restaurant.
The expectation of sex in the future, and thus an event in the future, is the cause of his behavior in the present. The future is the cause which effects and causes his behavior in the present. Before he bought her these gifts the man may have fantasized about the date, how he would take her to his home, what he would say, what he would do, how she would respond. As demonstrated by Bemfuture practice can effect performance in the present before the practice occurs.
Time is also relative. Hence, when the beautiful woman received these gifts she decided to reward him. Therefore, relative to and from the perspective of the lucky maiden, the effect sex is a direct consequence of the cause his gifts. On the other hand, she also knew that she could cause him to give her gifts by giving him sex in the future. Future sex caused his behavior. Consciousness is also part of the quantum continuum and so too is the future, present, and past. Thus, consciousness, like gravity and electromagnetic waves, is relative and can affect distant objects and events, including, perhaps, those in the future and the past Planck Moreover, all have a wave function, and time and consciousness are entangled.
Experimental Proof Precognition is a form of conscious cognitive awareness which involves the acquisition of future knowledge just prior to its occurrence.
Premonitions are a form of presentiment or an emotional feeling that something may happen in the near future, but without conscious knowledge of exactly what it is that is going to happen. Both can be considered forms of quantum entanglement Radin ; Bem, where some near future event exerts and makes an impression on consciousness before the event occurs even when there is absolutely no way the future event could be inferred as about to happen.
For example Honorton and Ferrari performed a meta-analysis of forced-choice precognition experiments involving over 50, subjects, and which had been published in scientific journals between and They found a consistent, statistically significant hit rate, meaning that the results could not be due to chance.
For example, when participants viewed a series emotionally neutral or emotionally arousing pictures on a computer screen, strong emotional arousal occurred a few seconds before the picture appeared, even before the computer had selected which emotional picture was to be displayed Radin Ina well respected scientist, Daryl Bem published extensive statistically significant evidence for the effects of future events on cognition and emotion, demonstrating that the effect is in the present whereas the cause can still be in the future.
For example, Bem had subjects perform a memory test which required that each subject look at a long list of words and to remember as many as possible.
After completing the memory test he had the subjects type various words from that list which were randomly selected. Subjects showed statistically superior memory for the words which they were later asked to type. That is, the practice effect was retrocausal. The practice which was to take place in the future the typing of words they had already seen improved their memory of those words before they typed them.
Thus, rehearsing a set of words makes them easier to recall even when the rehearsal occurs in the future and after subjects recall the words. One of them has a picture behind it; the other has a blank wall behind it. Your task is to click on the curtain that you feel has the picture behind it. Bem performed nine rigorously controlled experiments involving over subjects involving erotic stimuli, the avoidance of negative stimuli, and retroactive priming effects on memory and recall.
Eight of the nine experiments yielded statistically significant results, and thus evidence for precognition and premonition. Criticism of Precognition Experimental Results: The Baseball Analogy A common criticism regarding the validity of research on premonitions and precognition is: Consider major league baseball. InMiguel Cabrera had a batting average of. But unlike major league baseball players, those displaying precognition get their hits before they see what is being thrown at them.
Precognition should be treated like all other measures of ability. We should not be surprised that there is variation Carpenter; Schmeidler, Indeed, the same complaints can be made about memory and past events: If it really happened, why does everyone remember it differently.
Why do some people have a great memory and others are more forgetful? Why do different eye-witnesses remember the same event differently? For example, Neisser and Harsch had subjects fill out a questionnaire regarding where they were and how they heard about the Challenger space craft explosion soon after this national tragedy occurred in Many of the subjects in fact had forgotten considerable detail regarding the Challenger explosion and where they were when the heard about it.
Batting averages are dismal.
LITURGICAL CALENDAR FOR THE DIOCESES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA - PDF
Should it be any surprise that premonitions and the experience of precognition is also variable? As demonstrated by quantum physics and entanglement, the future may effect and even direct the past or the present. Consider again entanglement between photons. In delayed choice experiments, entanglement was demonstrated among photons even before there was a decision to make a choice regarding these photons, that is, before it was decided to do a measurement Ma et al.
Entanglement has also been demonstrated among photons which do not yet exist, where the choice has not even been made to create or measure future photons.
Nevertheless, decisions which will be made in the future effect the measurement of photons in the present Megidish et al The same principles can be applied to precognition. Information in the future, information which does not yet exist in the present, can effect and is entangled with the consciousness which will directly perceive that information even before it arrives in the present. The future, past, present, and consciousness are entangled within the quantum continuum.
The future exists before it arrives and some people consciously perceive a future before it becomes the present; phenomenon which can be classified as evidence of entanglement and which are variably experienced as deja vu, premonitions, and precognition and which would only be possible if the future already exists, and if time is a circle.
The Circle of Time: The Future Leads to the Past Einstein a,b, theorized that time and space can be unified in the 4th dimension. Like the unification of mass and energy, space-time are two aspects of the same quantity, such that space can be converted into time, and time into space in the 4th dimension. Space-time and time, therefore, have energy, and can be experienced and perceived, and in this respect, time also shares characteristics with light and may have a particle wave duality.
However, light bends due to the influence of gravity Einsteinwhich means the path is not straight, but curved. Likewise, according to Einsteina,space is curved. That curvature would not be a round circle, however, but would have different geometric characteristics depending on and due to differences in gravity in various regions of the cosmos.
It is this clustering, and these galactic walls which contribute to the unequal distribution of gravity, which causes space-time not just to curve, but to fold and curl up and to asymmetrically effect the flow of time. Gravity is always strongest at the center of gravity where its most concentrated.
Instead, the prediction was made by Alexander Friedmann in papers published in and Earth orbits around the sun in a curve. This solar system has curvature and its motion follows a curving path as it orbits this galaxy.
All is in motion and has velocity, but because of this curvature, one may travel in a circle and arrive where they began; and the same is true of time.
The past leads to the future and the future can lead to the past. However, what this also implies is that a journey across time will bring the voyager full circle, such that the present leads to the future, and the future leads to present and then the past. Because gravitational influences vary throughout the cosmos, then every infinitesimal region of space-time may have its own proper time relative to observers in different locations. The present on a distant galaxy, as conveyed by images of time-light, does not arrive on Earth until the future, such that the future and the past overlap in time-space.
Time is a circle.2012 d'Youville Track at Marcellinus NOD
According to Godel, because of the curvature of time and space it is possible to travel through time: As pointed out by Gamow, and Pythagoras years before, patterns repeat themselves in nature from the subatomic to entire galaxies Joseph c.
Electrons orbit the nucleus of the atom. Planets orbit the sun. The sun is just one of billions of stars located throughout the spiral arms of the Milky Way Galaxy, and the entire galaxy is rotating. Perhaps the entire universe is also rotating and thus space-time is rotating, such that time is a circle and the future leads to the present, then the past, which leads back to the future.
Just as it is possible to circle the Earth and return to where one began, if time and time-space circles back on itself in Pythagorean endless loops thereby giving rise to CTCs, it would be possible to journey in a circle back to where one began; which means, one can travel into the future and into their own past. However, the time-traveler journeying along such a loop does not experience a slowing of time as there is no contraction of space-time.
Time would remain the same for the time-traveler and all those on Earth, as the time traveler is merely going in a circle. A rotating universe and closed time-like curves violate the rules of causality. If time can circle back on itself, then the future can effect the past and the temporal discontinuity between past, present, and future is abolished. Gamow who first proposed a model of a rotating universe blamed the lack of evidence on the insufficient power of the telescopes available to astronomers and physicists at that time and proposed that proof of rotating universes would have to wait until advanced telescopes became available.
As based on the observation of planets, stars, and the rotation and combined gravity of mass aggregations such as entire galaxies, Gamow thought it was only logical that the entire universe must also be rotating around some axial point in space. Gamow posed this question: Gamow based his rotating universes model on the rotation and angular momentum of galaxies which appear to orbit an axial point in space.
Any rotating body, be it a galaxy, a merry-go-round, or the planets orbiting the sun, shows differential speeds of acceleration and velocity depending on how far away they are from the axial center of rotation. For example, in the inner galaxy, the rotation speed rises with the radius.
By contrast, in the outer galaxy the rotation speed remains constant Petrovskaya, ; Teerikorpi, The point closest to the axis rotates faster than points closer to the outer rim which rotate at a similar velocity. However, those stars closest to the axial galactic center, relative to the stars on the outer rims, are moving more rapidly and display accelerating velocities as they come closer to the central axis Ghez et al.
In fact, the speeds are so high they are beyond what would be predicted based on the universal law of gravitation Schneider, ; observations which also led Gamow to question the Big Bang origins model and to propose that the universe may be in rotation. The entire Hubble Length observable universe, appears to be rotating around a universe-in-mass black holes, with those closest to the hole rotating at a faster rate than those future away; exactly as described for stars in the Milky Way galaxy which are closer vs further away from the black hole at the center of this galaxy Joseph, a,b.
If pattern repeat, the the Hubble Length observable galaxy is just a spec of dust in an infinitely curved universe where time-space and thus time, are a circle, with the future leading to the present and then the past. Patterns Repeat A pattern, be it recurring numbers, events, or objects, repeats itself in a predictable manner down to its essential elements Ball ; Novak ; Wille The pattern at the elementary level is the basis, model, or template which is repeated on a larger scale to generate larger objects or series of events all of which exhibit the same or similar underlying pattern.
In Euclidean geometry, a pattern known as a translation involves movement of every point at a constant distance in a specified direction and the same can be said of rotation Johnson The symmetry of the cosmos is based on the repetition of patterns found throughout nature, from sea shells to spiral galaxies Joseph b.
For example, snail shells, sea shells, vortices, the cochlear nucleus of the inner ear, etc. Since rotating patterns repeat, as pointed out by Gamov and years earlier by Pythagoras, then the universe including an expanding universe and time-space would be part of this pattern.
Because of gravity, time-space can also be bent backwards in a circle, as happens with whirlpools and eddies along river banks where water flows in a circular motion. From the perspective of the Time Traveler, this spiraling circle can lead to the future or the past, or to multiple futures and pasts which may coexist, in parallel, side by side. One feature of a CTC is that it opens the possibility of a world-line which is not connected to earlier times in this past, but to multiple possible pasts, and futures, which exist in parallel, above, or below, or alongside one another--multiple spiraling staircases of time which lead to parallel worlds of time Buser et al.
Because gravity increases the curvature of space-time and can bend and split images of light, as illustrated by galactic lensing Renn et al. When these light-images of Earth cross paths with stellar objects of sufficient gravitational strength, these beams of light may be curved round in an degree arc with Earth as its target.
Therefore, as we gaze at the various stars which twinkle in the darkness of night, some of those stars may be mirror images of Earth and our solar system from the long ago. In a Godel spinning universe where time is a circle, the mirror would also be gazing back; meaning that this Earth could also be a mirror from the past of a future Earth; a reflection that those on a future Earth can look back upon. The same can be said of consciousness which can anticipate the future, remember the past, and reflect upon itself.
Closed Time Light Curves: Open time-like curves follow an arrow of time straight into the future, and there is no return to the past unless one can exceed the speed of light. Time-like curves which are closed, loop back in a circle; meaning that future events could affect past ones. A closed time-like curve CTC is a world line in a Lorentzian manifold, such that a particle or time traveler returns to its starting point Buser et al.
That is, because light is curved, then light can loop back on itself, and it would be possible for an object to move around this loop and return to the same place and time that it started.
An object in such an orbit would repeatedly return to the same point in space-time. The circle of space-time points forwards and backwards in time. If CTCs exist then it would be possible to travel backwards in time. For example, it may be possible to follow the CTC in a negative direction and revisit the day President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated, the morning when Jesus was nailed to a cross, 65 million years ago when a giant asteroid struck this planet exterminating the last of the dinosaurs, and further back still to the Cambrian Explosion million years ago when all manner of complex species with bones and brains appeared almost simultaneously in every ocean of Earth, and to the time when Earth was hellishly hot and populated by only microbes some 4.
Upon accelerating toward light speed, space-time contracts and the space-time traveler is propelled into the future. If the time traveler wished to experience a future years distant she would have to spend one year in the time machine traveling at However, upon reaching light speed, time stops and the contraction of space-time comes close to a zero point, i.
The time traveler has entered the mirror universe of the past. It is only upon accelerating beyond light speed, that time runs in reverse and the contraction of space-time continues in a negative direction.
LITURGICAL CALENDAR FOR THE DIOCESES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
One must accelerate toward the future to reach the past. Therefore, upon reaching superluminal speeds, the time traveler would be headed backwards in time from the future and would pass himself journeying from the past into the future.
And the time traveler voyaging toward the future and then the past, would pass himself heading back from the future. And the time traveler heading from the future to the past, could therefore, theoretically alter the past, thereby giving rise to innumerable paradoxes Joseph An event may be able to cause itself. These are not just thought experiments.
It is well established that causes and effects can occur simultaneously and ever faster than light speed Lee et al. The circle of time predicts that the future, present, and past exist simultaneously as a unity, and that this interconnectedness can result in effects in the future causing themselves.
Quantum Entanglement And Causality: The Future Effects the Past The river of time is bent round in a circle and it may have no beginning and no end. Since space-time is curved, warped and littered with vortexes surrounding black holes and effected by the gravity of innumerable stellar objects, the river of time may also be split apart and bent backwards in a circle, with circles within circles, as happens with whirlpools and eddies along river banks.
Likewise, the geometry of time may flow differently in various regions of the cosmos and split off into innumerable tributaries of time each with their own unique trajectory and velocity.
Why should space-time, or time, be any different? Since the past, present and future overlap and are relative to observers and differ according to location, gravity, and speed of movement, then as Einstein stated, the distinctions between the past present and future are an illusion.