Breeds of Livestock - Karakul Sheep — Breeds of Livestock, Department of Animal Science
EAAP-Animal Genetic Bank Most of these sheep are white with some solid tan, brown, black or white with Breed categories: medium wool, meat . Afghanistan is home to many of Central Asia's most unique breeds of. Abstract. Domestic sheep are raised for meat, milk and fibre production and are found all around with other European breeds and south west Asian breeds, they grouped with other north . black alleles segregate in native Swedish sheep populations 25 . Maintaining genetic diversity in livestock is critical for facing future. First things first: you will not find the noble moose on this list. The markhor, according to ARKive, lives in the mountains of central Asia, adeptly climbing craggy rocks with Sheep horns tend to be wider and smoother than narrow, knobbly purpose: thrusting at competing males during breeding season.
This produced pelts of inferior quality and eventually the industry and the flocks were dispersed. Even in their native regions, the demand for furs resulted in a crossing and intermingling of native fat-tailed sheep so that the native flocks exhibit wide variations in type and color.
This lack of uniformity is apparent. Body and fleece types vary even in those Karakuls capable of producing lambs of high quality fur.Amazing Black Goat Breeding in My Village in Summer
With a growing interest in the fiber arts in the United States, there has been an increased interest in the Karakul sheep. It is a specialty breed that is finding its niche as part of the cottage industry. The fleece is seen in a variety of natural colors.
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In its native region the colors are called by the following names; Arabi blackGuligas pink-roanKambar brownShirazi grey and Sur agouti. Occationally individuals are white or pied. This is partially due to its multiple uses: Today there are small farm flocks scattered throughout the U.
Characteristics of the Karakul The harsh conditions under which they evolved has given them strong and lasting teeth, a key to their longevity.
They are resistant to internal parasites and foot rot. While they respond to good feed and care, they are excellent foragers and will go through a season of scant food or graze marginal land in which ordinary sheep would not survive.
Karakuls withstand extremes of either hot or cold but they should have access to dry cover and be kept out of marshy pastures.
Karakuls breed out of season, making it possible for three lamb crops in two years. Single lambs are the rule, although twins are born occasionally.
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The ewes are very protective and attentive mothers, resulting in a high lamb survival rate. The Karakuls posses a strong flocking instinct and can be run either on open range or in fenced pastures.
They do not herd well; they are likely to scatter or fight a dog trying to herd them. The Karakuls differ radically in conformation from many other breeds. They are of the fat broadtailed type of sheep. In their large tail is stored fat, a source of nourishment, similar in function to the camel's hump.
The narrow appendage below this fat sack is often recurved, giving an S shape. Karakuls are medium-size sheep. The rams will weigh between pounds and the ewes range from pounds. They stand tall, with a long, narrow body.
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The top line is highest at the loin with the rump long and sloping, blending into a low set broadtail. The head is long and narrow, slightly indented between the eyes and often exhibiting a Roman type nose. The long ears are always pointing downward and slightly forward and vary from a long U shape to small V shape, or may be entirely absent. There are many variations of the breed. Some Tisigai populations have been improved by Merino and British meat breeds.
Tsigai sheep have long tails. They are good meat and milk producers. Eastern and Central Europe Tukidale Technically, the Tukidale is a not a new breed of sheep, but rather a Romney sheep carrying the T gene for hair. The breed originated on M. Coop's property in New Zealand from a ram born November 26, The ram possesed the T gene, which is dominant. The T gene is responsible not only for producing the specialty carpet-type fleece, but also the formation of horns in the in the male and, to a lesser extent in females.
Tukidale sheep are easy care sheep of good conformation and high fertility, with carcass accepability. High fleece weight with a diameter in the range of microns, with a high percentage of medulated fibers. They have an extremely fast rate of wool growth, resulting in two wool clips per year at a premium price. The American Tunis evolved from a number of importations of fat-tailed sheep from Africa and the Middle East that were crossed with established European breeds to improve the breed's meat characteristics.
The earliest documented importation occurred ina gift to the U. One of the largest advocates of the Tunis breed was Thomas Jefferson, who owned a fairly large flock. The breed could have been a major breed in this country if most of the southern flocks had not been destroyed during the Civil War. Tunis are a unique looking breed with an unusual color of reddish tan hair covering their legs, faces and long pendulous ears and minor fat deposits over the dock area.
The most notable is the largest breed of fat-rumped sheep, the Turki. The Turki has two distinct camel humps of fat on their behinds.