Free Market Capitalism And Democracy | A Plebe's Site
and mass unemployment, the relationship between capitalism and democracy Shortly after World War One, the American economist and sociologist According to defenders of the 'free market', more than a few of whom. The free market has created “supercapitalism”, and it is killing the global level, the correlation between free markets and plural politics breaks. I recently heard a prominent American politician tell how a “chill” went up his Capitalism, on the other hand, will here refer to a free-market economy with “ There are inherent tensions between democracy and a free-market.
Moreover, since the participants are free to bargain among each other, their collective choices, summarized into a general supply of and demand for goods and services and money determine general—and since voluntary, constantly fluctuating—terms of exchange: Capitalism in this context means private ownership of property, including money, and of the means of production: Thus, capitalism underpins free markets.
Democracy is a means, often political, by which the members of a community decide for themselves a variety of matters, usually by voting in some manner. A democracy may use a government as a mechanism for arriving at decisions, but in a democracy that government is subordinate to the people.
How Capitalism Is Killing Democracy
This is as opposed to a government originating decisions and handing them down to a subject people, with the people being subordinate to the government. The aggregate of individual economic decisions is what makes up an economy. In a free market, capitalist economy, individuals, at bottom, vote on what we want produced, vote on what we want to possess or to consume, with our economic property: Every purchase we make, every sale we make, is the outcome of our voice speaking and the result of our choice made.
All men are born free and independent, and have certain natural, essential, and unalienable rights, among which may be reckoned the right of enjoying and defending their lives and liberties; that of acquiring, possessing, and protecting property; in fine, that of seeking and obtaining their safety and happiness. Where we are free to choose for ourselves what we will do with our property, we there are free to develop our own lives toward our own goals.
And our economic property is founded on our natural right of property in our lives, our bodies, our minds, and the things we produce with those. InDeutsche Bank simultaneously announced an 87 percent increase in net profits and a plan to cut 6, jobs, nearly half of them in Germany and Britain.People in Denmark Are Much Happier Than People in the United States. Here’s Why.
Twelve-hundred of the jobs were then moved to low-wage nations. Today, European consumers and investors are doing better than ever, but job insecurity and inequality are rising, even in social democracies that were established to counter the injustices of the market. In Japan, many companies have abandoned lifetime employment, cut workforces, and closed down unprofitable lines. Surely some Japanese consumers and investors benefit from such corporate downsizing: Bythe Japanese stock market had reached a year high.
But many Japanese workers have been left behind. A nation that once prided itself on being an "all middle-class society" is beginning to show sharp disparities in income and wealth. Between andthe share of Japanese households without savings doubled, from 12 percent to 24 percent.
And citizens there routinely express a sense of powerlessness. On the other end of the political spectrum sits China, which is surging toward capitalism without democracy at all.
Income inequality has widened enormously. And those who are affected most have little political recourse to change the situation, beyond riots that are routinely put down by force.
They have the ability to alter the rules of the game so that the cost to society need not be so great. But they have no responsibility to address inequality or protect the environment on their own.
We forget that they are simply duty bound to protect the bottom line. Democracy has become enfeebled largely because companies, in intensifying competition for global consumers and investors, have invested ever greater sums in lobbying, public relations, and even bribes and kickbacks, seeking laws that give them a competitive advantage over their rivals. The result is an arms race for political influence that is drowning out the voices of average citizens.
In the United States, for example, the fights that preoccupy Congress, those that consume weeks or months of congressional staff time, are typically contests between competing companies or industries. While corporations are increasingly writing their own rules, they are also being entrusted with a kind of social responsibility or morality. Politicians praise companies for acting "responsibly" or condemn them for not doing so. Yet the purpose of capitalism is to get great deals for consumers and investors.
Capitalism and Democracy [part 1]
Corporate executives are not authorized by anyone — least of all by their investors — to balance profits against the public good. Nor do they have any expertise in making such moral calculations. Democracy is supposed to represent the public in drawing such lines. And the message that companies are moral beings with social responsibilities diverts public attention from the task of establishing such laws and rules in the first place. It is much the same with what passes for corporate charity. But shareholders do not invest in firms expecting the money to be used for charitable purposes.
They invest to earn high returns. Shareholders who wish to be charitable would, presumably, make donations to charities of their own choosing in amounts they decide for themselves. The larger danger is that these conspicuous displays of corporate beneficence hoodwink the public into believing corporations have charitable impulses that can be relied on in a pinch.
The only way for the citizens in us to trump the consumers in us is through laws and rules that make our purchases and investments social choices as well as personal ones. A change in labor laws making it easier for employees to organize and negotiate better terms, for example, might increase the price of products and services.
A small transfer tax on sales of stock, to slow the movement of capital ever so slightly, might give communities a bit more time to adapt to changing circumstances.
The return on my retirement fund might go down by a small fraction, but the citizen in me thinks it worth the price. Extended unemployment insurance combined with wage insurance and job training could ease the pain for workers caught in the downdrafts of globalization. Let us be clear: The purpose of democracy is to accomplish ends we cannot achieve as individuals.
Free Market Capitalism And Democracy
But democracy cannot fulfill this role when companies use politics to advance or maintain their competitive standing, or when they appear to take on social responsibilities that they have no real capacity or authority to fulfill.
That leaves societies unable to address the tradeoffs between economic growth and social problems such as job insecurity, widening inequality, and climate change. As a result, consumer and investor interests almost invariably trump common concerns. The vast majority of us are global consumers and, at least indirectly, global investors.