Antagonistic relationship definition wikipedia

Interaction - Wikipedia

antagonistic relationship definition wikipedia

Sexual antagonistic co-evolution is the relationship between males and females where sexual This leads to antagonistic co-evolution, as the female must evolve in order to defend herself. When female Drosophila melanogaster are. In pharmacology the term agonist-antagonist or mixed agonist/antagonist is used to refer to a drug which under some conditions behaves as an agonist while. Interaction is a kind of action that occur as two or more objects have an effect upon one another. The idea of a two-way effect is essential in the concept of interaction, as Antagonistic interaction means that the effect of two chemicals is actually less than the sum of the Social interactions form the basis of social relations.

Batesian mimicry is an exploitative three-party interaction where one species, the mimic, has evolved to mimic another, the model, to deceive a third, the dupe. In terms of signalling theorythe mimic and model have evolved to send a signal; the dupe has evolved to receive it from the model.

This is to the advantage of the mimic but to the detriment of both the model, whose protective signals are effectively weakened, and of the dupe, which is deprived of an edible prey. For example, a wasp is a strongly-defended model, which signals with its conspicuous black and yellow coloration that it is an unprofitable prey to predators such as birds which hunt by sight; many hoverflies are Batesian mimics of wasps, and any bird that avoids these hoverflies is a dupe.

Antagonist - Wikipedia

Amensalism is an asymmetric interaction where one species is harmed or killed by the other, and one is unaffected by the other. Competition is where a larger or stronger organism deprives a smaller or weaker one from a resource. Antagonism occurs when one organism is damaged or killed by another through a chemical secretion. An example of competition is a sapling growing under the shadow of a mature tree. The mature tree can rob the sapling of necessary sunlight and, if the mature tree is very large, it can take up rainwater and deplete soil nutrients.

Throughout the process, the mature tree is unaffected by the sapling. Indeed, if the sapling dies, the mature tree gains nutrients from the decaying sapling.


An example of antagonism is Juglans nigra black walnutsecreting juglone, a substance which destroys many herbaceous plants within its root zone. For Colaguori, "the agon is literally the arena of competition, the scene of contest, and the locus of adversarial conflict.

antagonistic relationship definition wikipedia

The philosophy of agonism affirms the idea that transcendence, truth, and growth are generated from the outcome of the contest The ambivalent character of agonism is that it is often seen as a mode of transcendence, while its instrumental relation to the mode of destruction is rarely acknowledged".

Adorno also sees agonism as the underlying principle in Hegel 's dialectic of history where "dialectics growth through conflict is the ontology of the wrong state of things.

  • Antagonistic contradiction
  • Antagonist
  • Interaction

The right state of things would be free of it: Colaguori reconstructs the concept of the agon to invoke this critical, destructive aspect as a way of extending Adorno's critique of modern domination and identify how the normalization and naturalization of conflict is used as an ideology to justify various forms of domination and subjugation. The agonistic ideology that has been appropriated by popular culture for example makes use of agonistic themes to celebrate competition as the wellspring of life in such a way as to normalize "a military definition of reality" C.

The critical conception of agonism developed by Adorno and Foucault emphasizes how aspects of competition can be utilized to reinforce the project of domination that is evident in the geopolitics of modernity. Colaguori suggests that a critical conception of agonism can be applied to the study of "numerous forms of social conflict in gender, class and race relations where the competitive mode of interaction prevails in the formation of social hierarchies based on competition as a form of exclusion".

Agonist-antagonist - Wikipedia

Colaguori further states that, "after years of technological progress, human societies are trapped in a perpetual dynamic of conflict and crisis, with modernization at a standstill. While this dialectic of development and destruction has been analysed from political and economic perspectives, Agon Culture offers an analysis of the human condition through an examination of the way in which the cultural ideology of competition operates as a mode of rationality that underpins the order of domination.

The story explains agonistics as "You can compete, and you can win, but you can never win once-and-for-all".

antagonistic relationship definition wikipedia