Staff and line - Wikipedia
The relationships that result are known as line relationships. In any By contrast, staff relationships exist when a manager gives/receives advice from another organisational member. How clear is the definition of jobs? The Arts · Languages · Nature & Environment · Science, Maths & Technology · Society, Politics & Law. Staff and line are names given to different types of functions in organizations. A " line function" is For example, human resources, accounting, public relations and the legal department are generally considered to be staff functions. Both terms. Line and Staff Organisation Structure Definition: Line and staff organization is Scientific Actions: the actions of a line manager can become more scientific by.
Efficiency can be achieved through the features of specialization. There are two lines of authority which flow at one time in a concern: Line Authority Power of command remains with the line executive and staff serves only as counselors. Merits of Line and Staff Organization Relief to line of executives- In a line and staff organization, the advice and counseling which is provided to the line executives divides the work between the two.
The line executive can concentrate on the execution of plans and they get relieved of dividing their attention to many areas. Expert advice- The line and staff organization facilitates expert advice to the line executive at the time of need. The planning and investigation which is related to different matters can be done by the staff specialist and line officers can concentrate on execution of plans.
Difference Between Line and Line & Staff Organization
Benefit of Specialization- Line and staff through division of whole concern into two types of authority divides the enterprise into parts and functional areas. This way every officer or official can concentrate in its own area. Better co-ordination- Line and staff organization through specialization is able to provide better decision making and concentration remains in few hands.
This feature helps in bringing co-ordination in work as every official is concentrating in their own area.
Benefits of Research and Development- Through the advice of specialized staff, the line executives, the line executives get time to execute plans by taking productive decisions which are helpful for a concern. This gives a wide scope to the line executive to bring innovations and go for research work in those areas.
This is possible due to the presence of staff specialists. Training- Due to the presence of staff specialists and their expert advice serves as ground for training to line officials.
Difference Between Line and Line & Staff Organization (with Comparison Chart) - Key Differences
Line executives can give due concentration to their decision making. This in itself is a training ground for them. Balanced decisions- The factor of specialization which is achieved by line staff helps in bringing co-ordination.
This relationship automatically ends up the line official to take better and balanced decision. Unity of action- Unity of action is a result of unified control. Control and its effectivity take place when co-ordination is present in the concern. The function of people in a pure staff capacity is to investigate, research, and give advice to line managers. Benefits of Staff There are many advantages and benefits out of the use of staff.
A few of them are: Handling complex managerial functions The necessity of having the advice of qualified staff specializes in various areas of an organization can scarcely be overemphasized, especially as operations become more and more complex. Assisting in decision-making Managers are now faced with the necessity of making decisions that require expert knowledge in matters like environmental issues, strengths, and weaknesses of the organization, so on and so forth.
Relieving an over-burdened top executive Staff specialists devote their time to think, to gather data, and to analyze them on behalf of their busy superiors. It is a rare top level executive, who has the time, or will take the time, to do those things that a staff specialist can do so well.What is LINE MANAGEMENT? What does LINE MANAGEMENT mean? LINE MANAGEMENT meaning & explanation
An escape clause for staff specialists Staff specialists only propose a plan; others must make the decision to adopt the plan and put it into operation. This creates an ideal situation for shifting blame for mistakes. The staff will claim that it was a good plan and that it failed because the operating manager was inefficient and ineffective. Line authority being undermined Operating line managers represent the main line of the organization and they also gain a degree of indispensability.
The staff specialists may, however, forget that their value lives in the extent to which they strengthen line managers and also that they are to counsel and not to order. They need to remember that if they undermine line authority, they risk becoming expendable.
As a matter of fact, if there is an expendable person in an organization, it is most likely to be the staff specialist. Impracticality of staff recommendations Since staff people do not implement what they recommend, it is possible that they may think in a vacuum, thereby making their recommendations impractical and which in their turn, often results in friction, loss of morale and sabotage.
Disunity in command Unity of command is unavoidable for the management of any organization to reach its goal. So, multiple authorities, created out of the use of staff specialists, may create disastrous consequences.