Sotho Kingdom / Basutoland
Order College Essays: The emergence of the sotho kingdom under moshoeshoe and his relationship with his neighbours essay. The emergence of the sotho kingdom under moshoeshoe and his relationship with his neighbours essay. Moshoeshoe Moshoeshoe, of the Bamokotedi, was. The essential store of knowledge of the Basotho culture is not only held with the confines of the Kingdom of Lesotho itself. Matuoane and the Ndebele of Mazilikazi were neighbours or visitors at Today, Southern Sotho is spoken in lands far distant from Lesotho, because of these adventurers and others.
Moshweshwe welded together fragmented Basotho communities round aboutduring the Mfecane Wars. He built them together into a unified people. Thus the Basotho kingship was born. Lesotho was established in Moshweshwe placed Paulos Mopeli as morena wasebaka1 at Mabolela, east of present day Ladybrand. Moshoeshoe, seeking in the s to protect his people from the worst ravages of the difaqane, fortified a large mesa, Thaba Bosiu, that proved impregnable to attack for decades thereafter.
With this natural fortress as his base, he built a large kingdom, welcomed in particular refugees from famine and wars elsewhere, and provided them with food and shelter. These refugees, once incorporated into the state, were considered Sotho like their hosts; thus, as with the Zulu, ever larger numbers were integrated into a group with a consolidated ethnic identity, a practice that furthered the process of nation building.
Moshoeshoe also sought to strengthen his kingdom militarily, especially by acquiring guns and horses from the Cape. A superb diplomat, he sought to maintain cordial relations with all his neighbors, even paying tribute on occasion to Shaka and seeking always to avoid war.
Believing that they could act as emissaries on his behalf to the intruding European powers while also teaching his children to read and write, he welcomed French Protestant missionaries as potential allies.
In Moshoeshoe shifted his headquarters to a more easily defensible hilltop called Thaba-Bosiu.
Under Moshoeshoe I the Basotho - who had adopted horses and guns from their erstwhile opponents - inflicted some sharp defeats on their European enemies. By the mids, Moshoeshoe's kingdom comprised about 30, people and was the largest state on the southern Highveld.
The emergence of the sotho kingdom under moshoeshoe and his relationship with his neighbours essay
During Moshoeshoe's reigna series of wars with South Africa resulted in the loss of extensive Basotho land, now known as the "Lost Territory. As was the tradition, he composed a poem praising himself where, amongst the words he used to refer to himself, said he was "like a razor which has shaved all Ramonaheng's beards", referring to his successful raid. In Sesotho language, a razor is said to make a "shoe He also referred himself as the person of Kali, thus showed that he was a descendant of the Great Kali or Monaheng who is said to be the ancestor of most Bakoena people in Lesotho with the exception of the senior Bamolibeli.
Moshoeshoe and his followers, mostly the Bakoena Bamokoteli, some Bafokeng from his maternal side and other relations as well as some clans including the Amazizi, established his village at Butha-Buthe, where his settlement and reign coincided with the growth in power of the well-known Zulu King, Shaka and what is now known as the 'time of troubles' previously known as ' Difaqane '.
During the early 19th century Shaka raided many smaller chiefdoms along the eastern coast of Southern Africa modern day Kwa-Zulu Natalincorporating parts of them into his steadily growing Zulu chiefdom. Various small clans were forced to flee the Zulu chief. It was marked by aggression against the Sotho people by the invading Nguni clans.
The attacks also forced Moshoeshoe to move his settlement to the Qiloane plateau. The name was later changed to Thaba Bosiu or "mountain at night" because it was believed to grow during the night and shrink during day. It proved to be an impassable stronghold against enemies. This section does not cite any sources. January Learn how and when to remove this template message The most significant role Moshoeshoe played as a diplomat was his acts of friendship towards his beaten enemies.
He provided land and protection to various people and this strengthened the growing Basotho nation.
Moshoeshoe I - Wikipedia
His influence and followers grew with the integration of a number of refugees and victims of the wars of calamity.
Guns were introduced with the arrival of the Dutch from the Cape Colony and Moshoeshoe determined that he needed these and a white advisor. From other tribes, he heard of the benefits missionaries brought. By chance, three representatives of the Society arrived in the heart of southern Africa: Moshoeshoe brought them to his kingdom. From to Casalis played the role of Moshoeshoe's Foreign Advisor.
With his knowledge of the non-African world, he was able to inform and advise the king in his dealings with hostile foreigners.
He also served as an interpreter for Moshoeshoe in his dealings with white people, and documented the Sesotho language. In the late s, Boer trekkers from the Cape Colony showed up on the western borders of Basutoland and subsequently claimed land rights. The trekkers' pioneer in this area was Jan de Winnaarwho settled in the Matlakeng area in May—June As more farmers were moving into the area they tried to colonise the land between the two rivers, even north of the Caledonclaiming that it had been "abandoned" by the Sotho people.