The USGenWeb Census Project - Census Transcribing Help
Post-enumeration coding of census data for marital status. Like many over- eager genealogists, I was online the morning of 02 April If you notice a problem on this website, please contact us to report the issue. Please include all of the relevant. Find your ancestors in the online US census using this partner sites (links to census resources): cypenv.info, of the questions), gender, race and relationship to the head of household. But I had the opposite problem— my Harry F. Lowe seemed to be AWOL from the census.
You can also now enter a page number at the top right of the image viewer to jump directly to that page. If you have trouble viewing images on this website, first try refreshing the page. To do this, click the "refresh" button on your browser. If this doesn't work, try viewing the same image in a different browser.
There may be some incompatibilities with certain browsers that we hope to resolve in the future. How would I find someone who lived in a hotel, tourist home, trailer camps, or one-night lodging house? People living in those places, except hotels, were counted on April 8th and people living in hotels were counted on April 9th. Their census information can be found starting on page 81A. Why isn't the census searchable by name? The census has not yet been indexed by name, so you must search the census by location or enumeration district.
There are initiatives underway to make the census searchable by name, including a community volunteer project. If you'd like to help make the census name-index available for free you can sign-up as a volunteer at thecensus. What if I don't know where the person I'm looking for lived? It is necessary to have an idea of where the person you're looking for was living in If you don't have this information on hand, one option is to search census records.
These may provide insight into where the person lived in if they didn't move out of the area. As an optional benefit, we've integrated the ability to search census records into this website powered by Archives.
To learn other suggestions for finding a residence location, or to search census records, click here. You may also wish to search for addresses in other records available at the National Archives such as naturalization petitions and World War II draft registration cards.
Why do the page numbers for some enumeration districts jump to page 61A or 81A? Page 61 is the first page number used for people that were counted in return visits because no one was at home when the first visit happened. Page 81A is the first page used for people living in a hotel, tourist home, trailer camp, or one-night lodging house. Not every enumeration district has a page 61 or a page You can tell that no pages were missed because the Census Bureau consecutively stamped all of the pages beginning with the first page of a county through to the end of the county.
Are there any system requirements to view images? How do I share, bookmark, or download images? Visit Census Research to learn the share, bookmark, and download capabilities of this website. How does the records search work? Census records from can help you to locate a person's location in Start by searching for a name on the records search page. View the search results, and click the "See More" button when you locate the person you're looking for.
From there you can click to view the corresponding enumeration district number, which will allow you to browse census images, or you may choose to view the census image on Archives. If you choose to view the image, a separate browser tab will open and you will be transported to the Archives. Questions or comments about Archives. How have the Steve Morse One-Step tools been integrated into this website? Education obtained at vocational schools is not to be considered, unless such school or college was a part of the regular school system.
For a person still in school, the last grade completed will be the grade preceding the one in which he is now enrolled. For a persons who completed his formal education in an ungraded school or a foreign country, enter the approximate equivalent grade in the American school system, or, in this cannot readily be determined, the number of years the persons attended school.
For a person who obtained his entire education in night school, enter the approximate equivalent grade completed. Enter C-1 to C-5, for a person who completed 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 or more years at a college or university or a professional school law school, medical school, dental school, normal school, engineering school, or theological schoolwhether or not the person was graduated from high school. For persons whose highest grade completed was in a junior high school, it will be necessary to ascertain the equivalent in terms of elementary-school or regular high-school grades.
For children under school age, and for persons who have had no formal schooling, that is, who never attended school, enter "O. For a person born in Washington, D.
Frequently Asked Questions
For persons born in a foreign country, enter the name of the country only as Belgium, Spain, Italy, Japan, Sweden, etc. Spell out the name of the country in full.
For a persons born in any of those central European areas where there have been recent changes in boundaries, enter in col. Note that the list of countries in Europe on that date included Austria, Czechoslovakia, and Poland. If you cannot find out with certainty the country in which the person's birthplace was located on January 1,enter the name of the province, state, or city in which the persons was born, such as Bohemia, Slovakia, Croatia, etc. Do not return persons as born in Great Britain, but write the name of the particular country, as England, Scotland, Wales, etc.
Distinction must be made between Northern Ireland and Irish Free State Eire ; it is not sufficient to report that a person was born in Ireland.
It Was a 7: One Census Code Revealed - Ancestor RoundupAncestor Roundup
For all other persons born in Canada, enter Canada, English, even though they may not actually speak English. If a person was born at sea, write "At sea. Citizenship of the Foreign Born.
Prior to September 22,a foreign-born woman became a naturalized American citizen when her husband was naturalized, or if she married an American citizen. Since that date she must take out papers in her own name; otherwise she remains an alien.
Note that a person must be at least 18 years old to take out "first papers. A foreign-born person or a person born at sea was an American citizen at birth a if his father was an American citizen who had resided in the United States before the time of the child's birth, or b if the person was born after May 24,if either parent was an American citizen who had resided in the United States before the time of the child's birth.
Columns 17 to For such persons, enter a dash - in col. Persons Living in the Same House as in Persons Living in the Same Place but different House in If the place of residence on April 1,was a city, town, or village of 2, or more, enter the name of the place in col.
If the residence on April 1,was in the open country or in a village of less than 2, enter "R" for rural in col. In case of doubt as to whether a place had a population of 2, or more, enter the name of the place, with county and State, as if it were definitely known to have more than 2, inhabitants. For persons who, on April 1,had their usual place of residence in one of the outlying Territories or possessions of the United States, or in a foreign country, enter dashes in cols.
On a Farm Yes or No. Where the entry in cols. Do not use ditto marks. Entries are to be made in cols. Leave these columns blank for all persons under 14 years of age. Columns 21 to The answers to these questions will permit the classification of such person into two large groups: The labor force will be further subdivided on the basis of the information collected, as follows: Person who are seeking work, and are not in either of the classes above "Yes" in col.
Persons who have jobs, businesses, or professional enterprises from which they were temporarily absent during the week of March"Yes" in col. The sum of all the persons in these four groups will be the total number of persons in the national labor force during the week of March Persons not in the labor force March will include all other persons 14 years old or over, that is those not workingnot assigned to public emergency work, not seeking work, and without a job, business, or professional enterprise.
This group will be subdivided into a persons who devote most of their time to the care of the home and doing housework for their families "H" in col. The question in col. The questions relating to employment status are arranged on the schedule in the order in which they must be asked. Do not ask them in any other order. Instructions for each of these questions are given in the following paragraphs. Enter "Yes" for any person who did any work, full-time or part-time, during the week of March, for pay or for profit a in any private job, business, or profession; or b in any Federal, State, or local nonemergency Government work.
Enter "Yes" also for any person who worked during the week at unpaid family work as defined below. Private jobs, businesses, and professions include all positions except those where the person is paid directly by a Government agency.
Work for pay includes any work done for salaries, wages, piece rates, fees, commissions, tips, supplies, board and room, etc. Unpaid family workis that done by a wife, son, daughter, or other relative living in the household who actually assisted without money wages or salary on work which contributed to the family income such as in the operation of the family farm or family business enterprise at any time during the week. However, housework, incidental work or chores, not directly connected with a family business enterprise, and unpaid work done in the household by persons who are not relatives, are not to be regarded as unpaid family work for purposes of this census.
Enter "No" for each person who did not do any work in any private or nonemergency Government employment during the week of March Some of the important special classes for which the answer of "Yes" is required are as follows: Enter "Yes" for a professional person, such as a doctor or lawyer, whose professional services were available at any time during the week, although he may not have actually performed any such services or received any fees.
Enter "Yes" for a person with a business of his own such as a store owner, a radio repairman, a contractor, or a peddlerwho operated his business, that is who attempted to sell his wares or to obtain orders, even though he may not have made any sales or performed any services during the week. Enter "Yes" for a farmer who usually operates a farm, even though because of bad weather conditions, temporary illness, etc.
Enter "Yes" for the wife of the farmer, or other members of the farmer's family, only if they actually worked during the week on tasks contributing to the income of the farm and other than home housework, occasional work, or incidental chores. Enter "No" for a farmer's wife, or other members of the farmer's family, if they were engaged only on occasional tasks, home housework, or incidental chores.
Enter "Yes" for each person who worked for pay or profit in his or her own home at any time during the week, as for example, a woman who took in laundry, or who made artificial flowers that she intended to sell, or did sewing at home for a clothing factory. Enter "Yes" for a person, generally the housewife, keeping five or more boarders or lodgers.
Enter "Yes" for a person who is working on a job involving training for more advanced work. Thus, student nurses and workers in company training schools and programs are to be regarded as working if they receive compensation in money or in kind that is, living quarters, food, etc. Enter "Yes" for the administrative employees of public emergency programs who were employed in Federal, regional, State, district, or other local offices charged with the responsibility of administering any of the public emergency programs set up to provide jobs for the unemployed WPA, NYA, CCC, State and local work relief, etc.
Enter "No" for all persons working on, or assigned to, specific projects, regardless of whether such persons were in supervisory or nonsupervisory positions, and regardless of whether the project is located in offices occupied by administrative employees of the same programs. For persons reporting both a private or nonemergency Government work, and b public emergency project work during the week, enter "Yes" in col.
For all other persons with both types of work, enter "No" in col. Never enter "Yes" in both cols. The entry of "No" is required not only for totally unemployed workers and for persons at work on, or assigned to, public emergency programs, but also for such persons 14 years old and over as: Housewives and other unpaid persons engaged in home housework only; students not also at work for pay or profit; retired and permanently disabled persons; persons other than those specified above with jobs, businesses, or professional enterprises who for any reasons did not actually work during the week of March Entry for Inmates of Specified Institutions.
This instructions is to apply to public or private institutions as follows: Prisons, reformatories, jails, penal farms or camps; institutions for the mentally diseased, mentally defective or epileptic; and homes for the aged, infirm, or needy.
Note that if "Yes" is entered in col. When your transcription has been proofread, follow the Submission Instructions. Occasionally these page numbers were microfilmed out of order. Do not put a space between the number and the A or B. Unfortunately, the sheets weren't always in the correct order when these numbers were stamped on them. For the "A" side which has the stamped numbertype the stamped number in the PG column, and type the A immediately after the number. For the following unstamped "B" sheet, type the same number as the previous "A" sheet except type a B immediately after the number.
You will transcribe the census in the order it was microfilmed. If you find the Sheet numbers were out of order when microfilmed, you may want to write a transcriber's comment file to be uploaded along with your transcription.
The lines on the "A" or front side are numbered 1 through 40 and the lines on the "B" or reverse side are numbered 41 through The templates already have line numbers for the beginning pages. If your Enumeration District is large and you come to the end of the line-numbered rows, copy the line numbers on down the column for the additional pages.
If the census page starts with the first person recorded on line 2, then you do the same, make it match the actual line numbers on the census as best as possible. Occasionally an Enumerator will miss entering a name and then go back and squeeze a name in the top part of a line. In this case, insert another line so there are two lines for the row with the squeezed-in name. Use the same line number for the two rows and add an "a" after the line number for the top name and a "b" after the line number for the bottom name.
Then start with the next line number which was used by the Enumerator. When the enumerator left several of the ending lines empty, simply add a REMARK in the last used line with something like "The remaining lines on this page were not used by the enumerator". By including a REMARK whenever there are empty lines, you remove any doubt the researcher and File Manager who processes your file may have that something is wrong.
Enter what you see, if they have filled this in. The house number was more likely filled in when the census was taken in a city and not a rural area. You will need to repeat the Street Name for each person the street encompasses. DO NOT merge the cells and turn the letters sideways.