NCAA Division I Swimming and Diving Championships - WikiVisually
One team's short-lived dance in tournament reminds why college basketball is worth fighting for . A dropped ball, a midtournament swim and a test of resolve for a Jacksonville golfer. . A celebration of the top shots, serves, scores and final seconds since NCAA “We're not here to crawl over each other to get to the top. , Meet central Live results Psych sheet Australian-born senior Lars Jorgensen,hasn't yet qualified for the NCAA Championships. Australian Short Course Championships - Meet Results Short Course - 20/09/ to 24/09/ Event 16 Women SC Metre Freestyle.
He was a guest of honor in Barcelona. He just bought into the whole game entirely. He is flown all over the world to give the official side of the IOC story. Now these figures tell a lot. First, it is 3. It must be much more now. Nearly a billion dollars went to the national Olympic Committees. So, you see, when we appeal to our national Olympic Committee for something the IOC has done, or is doing, well, none of these people are about to bite the hand that feeds them.
The summer and winter sport federations, there are 44 of them, nearly half a Billion dollars. So when we had trouble in Australia even, getting our Federation to move on the drug issue, there was a big opposition because they were worried how is it going to affect their position with FINA and the IOC?
For those who may not be aware, FINA, the international federation, was continuously broke throughout its history, until when the IOC started doling out money in large chunks, to the international federations. You have to follow the money trail in this from the IOC to the international federations of which FINA is one, and then FINA uses this money to buy the votes of the third world countries and many others, with their fine flying and even finer accommodations and per deims, to keep the ruling group in power.
The point being made is that all these people are beholden to the IOC, which is rapidly getting a greater and greater grasp on all sports. Their hold now is tightening on the federations, so they are part of the Olympic Family. There are fourteen IOC sub-committees, and they all have big budgets. Even Lucas mentions the huge budgets of those sub-committees. Australia has a big part to play, and I am just hoping that they will. The IOC medical committee does have a minefield to deal with.
It was a stimulant right next to a headache pill. Those drug lists are a minefield.
Challenges & Grit: A brief history of athletics at The W - MUW
With all our suspicions of where money has come from, where should it come from? What role should governments play? Is it possible for big money, big governments, and big purity to all exist at the same time? I do have a plan, it was developed with the assistance of a member of our audience, Dale Neuberger, Vice-president of United States Swimming. We talked about this question, and what we are going to attempt to do is this month is visit with a number of the largest drug manufacturers in the world.
Our proposition is going to be this: Forming an independent agency, this could test Olympic Sports athletes. Two, can you use the sophistication of your labs to get ahead of the bad guys? There is more money and more profit to be made with moving a molecule from one side of a compound to another, and thus making the compound undetectable by current tests, than in catching those who cheat.
The people who have the necessary expertise, and the people with huge amounts of money, are the drug companies.
The question then becomes, what is the incentive to the drug companies to do this? My answer is that this is the hugest PR bonus that they can ever do. By cleaning up world sport, they can put themselves in a good light with the public. The second point is that by doing that, they can also promote the legitimate use of many of these same products, and ensure that these are the only uses of their legitimate products.
So I believe we have to get as independent as we possibly can, and going to the drug companies is one of the ways to do it.
Thanks to Dale and some of his contacts, and some European friends, we expect to be making these visits in the next few months.
I was fascinated and impressed when John told me about this suggestion for gathering expertise and funds to wage the anti-doping campaign. I would like to spend a few minutes on conceptualizing and contextualizing such an initiative.
There is empirical evidence that big drug companies are afraid of having their products stigmatized by association with cheating athletes. One thing one has to understand about high performance sports is that a number of drugs are what I call bi-modal drugs. This means that they have legitimate medical uses in the medical sphere, just as they have illegitimate uses for cheating in sports. Certainly the steroids belong to this category.
Certainly erythropoietin, which has done a lot of good for a lot of hospital patients is in this category, as does human growth hormone, as does clenbuterol.
A number of years ago I was talking to the Vice-President of one of the drug companies who produce testosterone patches for hypo-gonadal males, men who do not produce enough testosterone on their own. It can be supplemented by putting on one of these patches. Manfred Steinbach, former surgeon general of Germany, who spent several years near the top of the German track and field federation.
He said that he had talked to German drug company executives, and they had said the same thing, they were afraid of being stigmatized. Their products had large and lucrative markets in the legitimate medical field and they were afraid of being stigmatized by doping athletes. That is a scenario that played itself out again thewhen German sprinter Katherine Krabbe and several of her teammates were caught out using clenbuterol.
She was shocked and amazed to find herself being defended against the German Track and Field Federation who considered it a steroid by a consortium of drug companies, sports physiologists and sports physicians. There has been a pro-steroid lobby by the way by influential sports physicians in the world for at least the last 20 some years. Another person who came out against Clenbuterol being a steroid type banned drug was professor Arnold Beckett of the IOC Medical Committee, who turns out to be the co-owner of a drug company in England.
So in other words, as soon as Katrine Krabbe got in trouble for using a drug for which there is a large and valuable market, clenbuterol, it hit the fan, and the drug companies mounted a campaign in defense of the accused athlete that amazed even her. The same thing happened when the Pharmatalia Corporation of Germany woke up one morning and found that one of its products was being used by athletes.
They mounted a campaign to clean up the image of this drug. A third example, in Ciba-Geigy stopped producing dianabol, one of the early and very popular anabolic-androgenic steroids, so as not to appear to be promoting doping.
Now my favorite story, testosterone. Testosterone is living a life as we speak, as a drug of wide application, outside the stadium. The world-wide potential market is on the order of 4 million, depending on how you define who needs hormone therapy. The same problem in the tens of millions takes place the female side of the market. Is hormone replacement therapy really necessary? This is on the order of five to ten years away. I have seen indications that this is coming on line.DAY 2 FINALS - 2018 Australian Age Championships
Will the ground shift under our feet? Will we be talking about steroids in a negative light at a time when testosterone is coming into mass marketing in two ways — male contraceptive and testosterone doses for the aging male. Our cultural trends are pushing us towards the medical interaction with old age in general.
In summary, courting large drug companies is a double edged sword. If you can in effect frighten them into believing that it is in their interest to be on the right side when it comes to determining the status of androgen problems inside and outside the stadium, then you can get there.
So there is a potential conflict of interest there that anti-doping campaigners are going to have to keep track of. Let me ask a very practical question. Who decides what the testing procedure will be? Who has the power to do that? If for some reason they were to turn down an independent agency, it would be quite clear that they have no real interest in discovering how much doping is going on, and as Andrew suggested the numbers from Barcelona may well have been of 10, athletes.
They will come up with some objection. He just did not care. There is a need for an independent collecting and testing system in sport. John has come up with a very good idea.
The costs are enormous. Will a new international swimming organization attract anywhere near the necessary sponsorship versus the broad spectacle of the Olympic Games as a whole? Can cooperation with other sports in fighting doping provide more information and political strength. In the end run, you can come up with the most magnificent of plans, but if the will and the purpose is not there, the job will not be done, and the time comes for a new organization.
And then we should ask ourselves, when we see bromantan coming from Russia, to what extent is doping still a part of the culture of the post-Communist countries? I would like to support what Cecil has been saying.
Can we underline it, and take totally aboard the idea that this cunning aging Belgian nobleman who knows no more about science than this glass of water, has been in charge of the IOC Doping Commission since ?
We have to remember that when we hear the IOC pontificating about the moral stand it takes on doping. What happens to it now? Does anyone know what happens next? Behind closed doors, they decide whether to announce those tests. Sorry to interrupt, but in Atlanta, and in LA, I am not sure about Barcelona, but de Merode by himself, had the list matching numbers with samples. So if there was a positive test, who it was attributed to, if it went to the IOC Executive at all, was dependent on de Merode.
If you have read Chapter 19 in my book, back in in Montreal, there were eleven declared positive doping tests. Many of you here know better than I that there was far more doping than that in swimming alone in Montreal. Can anyone tell me? Go on, someone tell me. Do you believe that? No positive tests in Moscow! I have found out from honest journalists researching on my behalf in Moscow, and I believe this to be true, that a KGB Colonel, whose story checked out, that he was the guy in charge of the lab in Moscow.
There were no positive tests from the lab. All the positives were removed. The Soviets were always a big supporter of Juan Samaranch. The world was suckered in You know, without me, that was not clean. I blame Rueters and the other news agencies, who suck up to the IOC in the most loathsome way, for not telling the story. Nine positive tests not declared? By the moral Olympic movement?
Apparently the order came down from Samaranch to close the lab because too many positive tests were coming down. This is the era of megabucks, and Peter Uberoth, and the Games would be damaged if too many positive tests came forward. They buried nine tests.
Was it shock revelations? We all know that there were also positives buried in Seoul. On this point, here is what you can find out if you actually read a newspaper that covers doping, which American papers do not.
They paid two million dollars for the privilege of doing this, in order to get their foot in the door of the drug testing business. I will translate from the German paper, Thomas Kistner did the interview with Dr. Steven Horning, who assisted in the lab. The lab produced a large number of tests that the IOC never reported.
I sure hope nothing like this happens again. How would you react, Dr. Horning, if there were more doping cases than the IOC publicized? I make my findings, and that is it.
It means that sport is no better than any other part of our society.
That was one of the three people in charge of drug testing in Atlanta. What do they want done? If this was a war on drugs, is peace possible?
If so, what would it look like? The athletes peace of mind is being affected. Those who train them will tell you that. There is a dark cloud of doping hanging over the sport, and it affects performance. If only for that reason alone, the athletes have a vested interest in making the atmosphere more congenial to good performance. The athletes cannot expect those who have had their time in sport to do all their fighting for them, I know the athletes are exposed, they are vulnerable to being suspended, and disciplined, but there comes a time in life, to take a stand on principle.
Sport is part of education for life, and standing up to drugs is part of that education. It is part of sportspersonship to fight fair and fight for fairness.
I think there are some differences among the sports. If you watch some of the video tape we have out in the lobby of TV shows over the past several years, you can see a disturbing trend in the track and field athletes, where there is an acceptance of the drug culture.
In all countries around the world, track and field athletes are using track and field in a way to improve their financial and life situations. In many cases it may be one of the few opportunities they have to improve their life.
Swimming athletes, because of all the socio-economic factors that we have talked about so many times, tend to come from middle and upper class segments of society.
What I see the athletes doing in swimming, is that they want clean sport. In China, athletes can dramatically improve their lifestyle by how well they do in swimming. You can go from being a peasant digging rice in the fields, to someone in the absolute upper crust of Chinese economic status, by swimming.
Athletes who have struggled for ten, twelve, fourteen years, to do the absolute best they can, will simply walk away if they think it is impossible to win.
I think if we are to have in intact sport, we have to have a clean sport. I think that is what swimmers want. I believe that in every part of a team structure, a coach must have discussions on this big problem that is facing this sport. Kids not swimming at the top level do not care too much about it until they approach that level.
I am amazed at some of the carelessness I see. I was at a big meet overseas, and I saw candy bars, food enhancements, lying there on the pool deck waiting for someone to pick them up and spike them. As I rode back and forth to the Australian Olympic Trials with parents, I was appalled at the lack of information these people have on the topic, and how to protect their swimmers.
The education of the parents is lacking, or the parents are not taking notice — repeat, not taking notice. We should talk to the children at various ages of development.
Question from the Audience: I can say something about that. I know that the opinion of our drug agency in Australia, is that the United States has done very, very little.
1980 NCAA Division I Swimming and Diving Championships
The world is quite sure, that the athletes of the world, especially the Americans, are doped to the eyeballs. The answer is terribly complex, and we have to start in a simple way — tens of millions of dollars to test out of competition, and hope that cuts out a certain amount of it.
One of the things Richard Quick pointed out yesterday, and I think I said last year, is that on a numerical basis, the USA is the dirtiest nation on the face of the earth when it comes to drugs. In most European nations, the national swimming office is literally down the hall from the national track office, which is down the hall from cycling or weightlifting.
In the USA, when was the last time any of you club coaches had any contact with a track coach? The interaction between the sports does not happen in the USA. People sometimes do not understand that swimming in this country is relatively clean.
Lots of other American Sports are not. If you see sports offices in Asia or Europe right together, it is hard to sit in those nations, and believe that track in the USA may be filthy with drugs, but swimming is not. I understand their disbelief. Eighteen years ago, I was in charge of the Canadian system for apprentice coaches, whereby we trained apprentice coaches with master coaches. We worked with people in all sports. Another thought comes to my mind. It makes me gag, pardon my vulgarity, to think of the IOC running the Olympics as the largest entertainment business in the world.
Then you get all your performers almost free, you get all your stagehands free, and then what you do with your money or your balance sheets is totally up to you. It is a darn disgrace that people like this should be in charge of the welfare of our youth.
They are seemingly oblivious to the duty of care that they have to take care of our youth. I do not think they are exercising it. I think part of our push should be towards having Olympic Officials elected and not invited, should the Olympics continue.
The whole doping control question has a human dimension and a technological dimension that is even more complicated than the mass spectrometers. It is dangerous to talk about doping for too long in the sense that one can get very depressed about the near term and the long term future.
The complications are very daunting, especially when you look hard at the various special interest groups in what we call high performance sport. I am talking about the officials, the coaches and trainers, the athletes, and the sports physicians who are not always wearing the pure white coat, but may be looking forward to their next five star hotel room.
The IOC has a genius for co-opting people onto commissions. Any journalist with a conscience could not sign on for that, but it has been operating fine for years. I am afraid the same is true of the Medical Commission. I can show you minutes of a meeting of that organization of decade ago where you had a dirty East German doctor, a dirty West German doctor, and a clean Austrian doctor, sitting around a table formulating IAAF drug policy for the coming year.
After years of absorbing stories of that nature, I would argue that John Leonard is the opposite of naive, because John Leonard almost alone among Federation executives has realized is that the time for business as usual is over.
Prior to the tenure of Dr.
Lothar Kipke, who was one of the architects of the East German Doping program, and one of the authors, we found out inof State Documentwhich established doping in all sports in East Germany As state policy.
I believe that many of the people on the present Medical Committee are extremely honest and forthright. Allan was disciplined and censured by FINA in the Hiroshima-Asian Games incident, because he let leak to the press that those first seven tests were positive. He was immediately suspended by FINA for a period that lasted about seven months.
Now the story that I told you was related to me almost five months later by a gentleman who I stood with in a field near the pool and patted me down to make sure I was not wearing a wire. He was so scared of the consequences of FINA knowing that he was spilling the beans. So these guys have a very tough line to tow. At some point, if the scientific process continues to be corrupted by FINA and the IOC, those scientific gentlemen may consider simply walking away. I suspect they can. I would like to comment on the question of a while ago about how foreigners look at Americans in this context.
I feel very vigorously about the IOC, as I have spent years researching them, and my comments are all documentary based. I spent 12 weeks in Colorado Springs in the last quarter of They feared for their jobs. They have a morally corrupt media operation, and they have morally corrupt people like Bob Helmick leading it.
Schiller now has an even higher paying job at CNN running sports. You really should pull those reports out and read the whole thing. There is something unseemly about it. Swimmers often have some degree of underlying shoulder laxity, and this can predispose to acute subluxation.
Patellar subluxation can occur in individuals with underlying generalized laxity and, although uncommon, can occur during breast stroke swimming [ 17 ].
Acute meniscus tears are uncommon in swimming, but symptoms from a degenerative meniscus tear in an older athlete may be exacerbated by breaststroke swimming due to the forceful rotatory and valgus loads on the knee [ 17 ].
Acute onset of back pain can occur in swimmers. The repetitive hyperextension that occurs in breaststroke and butterfly may lead to spondylolysis. Although spondylolysis is usually a chronic process, the onset of symptoms can be acute [ 18 ]. The repetitive trunk motion from flip turns may also lead to fatigue of the core stabilizing muscles, contributing to back pain [ 18 ]. Acute onset of back pain is often simply due to fatigue of the lumbar paraspinal muscles resulting from overload during swimming or dryland training.
Other less common causes of acute low back pain include disc herniation and facet joint injury. It should also be recognized that there may be an acute exacerbation of an underlying chronic condition. A survey of injuries in a NCAA Division I collegiate swimming program reported that freshman had the highest rate of injury, supporting the relationship between a change in training and injury [ 20 ]. A careful history is critical to determine if an apparently acute presentation of pain or injury is actually an exacerbation of a pre-existing problem.
Acute exacerbation of a pre-existing, chronic injury is rather common. Acute musculoskeletal injury can occur during these training activities [ 19 ]. Acute muscle strain injury can occur with forceful weightlifting or other forms of resistance exercise. Attention to technique and careful performance of dryland exercises is critical to prevent injury from these exercises.
Relative rest of the irritated region and a focus on core strength and rehabilitation of supporting musculature is the key to treatment. Overuse Injuries Overuse injury risk in swimmers has been reported as high as 4. In a study of swimmers at the University of Iowa from tothe shoulder and upper arm were the most commonly injured areas followed by the back and neck [ 20 ].
In a study of the FINA world championships, injuries were reported incidence of