What is the relation between State and Government?
The distribution of power between state and national governments has changed over time in What is the impact of the federal system on US policymaking?. What is the relationship between local and state governments? Is it the same as the relationship between the federal and state governments? You'll find that it. A state government is the government of a country subdivision in a federal form of government, which shares political power with the federal or national government . This relationship may be defined by a constitution. The reference to "state".
State is Natural, Government is not natural: The state is a natural institution. From the beginning of social life, there has been state in different forms.
The state is omnipresent, but history is silent about how exactly it came into existence. On the other hand, government is man-made, and the rise and fall of governments has been part of history. State is Invisible and Abstract, but Government is visible and concrete: The State is abstract and vague while the government is concrete arid visible.
We know that there is state in existence, but we cannot see it. The Government is a definite group of persons who run the affairs of state.
The relationship between the states and the federal government (article) | Khan Academy
Original Powers vs Delegated Powers: The power of state is absolute and original while that of government is limited and delegated. State is the Principal; government is only its agent. The state is sovereign while government enjoys those powers which are delegated to it by state. The government symbolises the power of state, but it is always subordinate and loyal to state. As MacIver has said, "Government is the agent which cannot be sovereign; the state is the principal, its master to which the agent most ultimately bow.
Territory belongs to the State: The State has sovereign ownership and jurisdiction over its territory. State is a territorial entity and territory belongs to it. The government has the responsibility to preserve, protect and defend the territory of the State. The laws made by the government are applicable to all parts of the territory of State but territory belongs to the State and not to the government. Every State has uniformly four essential elements, however the forms and features of Government differ from State to State: Each State has a uniform personality with its four essential elements Population, Territory, Government and Sovereignty.
What is the relation between State and Government?
However, governments can be of different forms— Parliamentary or Presidential, Unitary or Federal or a mixture of these. A government can be monarchical or aristocratic or democratic or a dictatorship. The people can by choice change the form of their government. But the State exists independently and has a uniform character. State is Permanent, Government is Temporary: Governments come and go regularly. After every general election the government changes. It can also undergo a total change through an election or even through a revolution.
It continuously lives so long as it continues to enjoy sovereignty. Independent India continues to live as a sovereign independent state since However, she has witnessed the rise and fall of several governments at the national and state levels. Thus, there are several well-defined and well-recognised differences between the State and Government.
In common usage no distinction is made between the two. When we look at the relationship between the federal government and the state governments, we have a system known as federalism, in which the central national government does not hold all power, but shares power with sovereign states.
Once again, this is known as federalism. On the other hand, the local governments, whether they be cities, townships, counties, or towns, or all the other special local government districts that have been created, such as school districts, water districts, and other special districts, are not given sovereignty by their own state governments; local governments, whatever their form, are creatures of the state, which determines what powers they have, what their obligations are, what privileges they hold, and what restrictions are held to limit their power.
At any time, the state can disband any local government, or create a new one — what this means is that the local governments are not organizations that share power and sovereignty with their state governments, but are mere extensions of state governments. Whereas state governments are like outside contractors working for a bigger business on their own terms, local governments are like employees within the bigger business of state government — local governments are merely delegated state powers over a local district.
The concept of federalism, which is held by our national government towards individual states, is not shared by individual states in their connection with local governments, as it is elsewhere, such as in Mexico or Brazil. States can disband, or dissolve, local governments whenever they choose to do so, in order to change things up if they so choose to.