The Fiscal Compact, which was signed by 25 of the EU's member states in , foresaw the creation of an inter-parliamentary conference to. The Directorate for Relations with National Parliaments advises the political bodies, Members and the secretariat of the European Parliament in their institutional. Whatever they do in parliament depends largely on the relations with their own group, for example, their aim to.
The existence of these meetings is not an indicator of cooperation but it seems that the spirit among delegates helps the frequent exchange of information that may be relevant for other parliaments personal interview with Ed Lock, Representative of the House of Lords in Brussels, January Therefore the opening of representative offices of national parliaments at the premises of the EP has been one of the most successful initiatives to promote interparliamentary cooperation.
Information sharing in this context depends on informal contacts, but formal means for the exchange of information has been developed as well. Conscious of the importance of information sharing the Conference of European Union Speakers proposed measures to promote cooperation and the exchange of information between institutions and parliaments in the Union.
The IPEX website contains a database for the exchange of information about the parliamentary scrutiny of EU affairs including aspects of subsidiarity.
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Parliaments can upload the scrutiny carried out on every proposal from the European Commission and assign various statuses and values to the documents. In this way it is possible for a country to follow the development of specific issues and also to keep track of the standpoint of the parliaments of other countries.
The analysis of the use of IPEX shows that it has been used to share information regarding specific legislation. Some parliaments have expressed concerns regarding the extent to which IPEX is the right tool for quick information exchange and some others regarded it as useful.
However, personal interviews have confirmed that the use of IPEX remains confined to specialist parliamentarian officials. Moreover, the extent to which the information shared has any effect on the scrutiny of other parliaments is not clear. Perhaps the best example of how IPEX can be effectively used is the case of national representatives.
This inclusion can take different forms but there are three that deserve further consideration. First of all, national parliaments can choose not to develop any form of parliamentary cooperation but will miss all the positive outcomes of cooperation. Secondly, they can choose to create new interparliamentary structures in which they can include or not the European Parliament.
To date this cooperation has centred on six different initiatives: Looking at the agenda of the Conference of Speakers one can gain an idea of the importance attached to relations between parliaments. Given the formal character of these meetings we cannot expect technicalities of cooperation to be discussed at them. However, the meetings do provide a general guideline of what type of cooperation is desired. Another indicator of the importance paid to cooperation between parliaments is the increasing number of interparliamentary meetings and other forums and the increasing number of resources devoted to them.
However, two main problems have been identified. One the one hand, the legal basis for parliamentary control to take place in such forums are mainly informal. Secondly, MPs attending these meetings vary frequently and this makes it difficult to develop a work dynamic. Some national parliaments are trying to solve this problem by making sure that the same MPs always attend such meetings. This is, for instance, the intention of the Italian Senate personal interview with Beatrice Gianani, Representative of the Italian Senate, October For those critical of the usefulness of Interparliamentary Committee Meetings, real parliamentary cooperation is carried out informally, in many cases through contacts along party lines.
And the same when we are having a debate. I ask them for input on the national situation.
Cooperation along party lines is increasingly important, and most people see the added value of working with party colleagues. However, there are good reasons to have formal cooperation structures as well. Despite the criticism, the cooperation established via these meetings has the advantage of being tailored to the needs of every single policy area, which gives specialists the possibility of working together towards specific goals.
Relationships between representatives of national parliaments in Brussels are perhaps one of the most successful modes of cooperation.
Legislative proposals can be blocked if there is a consensus among a majority of chambers. However, the final decision rests with the legislative authority European Parliament and Council 1. This mechanism has been triggered three times since the Lisbon Treaty entered into force: Comprising the presidents of the NPs and the EP, they were initially held every two years.
They are prepared at meetings of the secretaries-general and provide a forum for detailed discussion of issues relevant to cooperation between the NPs and the EP.
In recent years, the presidents have met every year. The Centre is a network of documentation and research services that cooperate closely in order to facilitate access to information including national and European databases and coordinate research so as to avoid duplication of work. It centralises research and circulates findings and has created a website to improve exchanges of information. It comprises parliaments from the Member States of the EU and of the Council of Europe, and its services may also be used by parliaments of states which have observer status in the Parliamentary Assembly.
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There has not been another such meeting since. COSAC is not a decision-making but a parliamentary consultation and coordination body that adopts its decisions by consensus. Joint Parliamentary Meetings Drawing on the experience of the European Convention, parliamentarians from both the EP and the NPs felt that it would make sense to establish a permanent forum for political cooperation to deal with specific topics.
Administrative cooperation is developing in the form of traineeships at the EP and exchanges of officials. Reciprocal information-sharing on parliamentary work, especially on legislation, is becoming increasingly important and draws on modern information technology, such as the Internet-based IPEX network, which is backed up by an electronic data exchange and communication platform http: