UN and Business
The relationship with the Business Sector has become more important as the The United Nations Global Compact4 provides an overall value framework for co . The relationship of the UN and the international business community has been transformed. Business entities embracing corporate responsibility now work side . There are cooperative agreements with the World Bank, IMF, ILO, WTO, etc. that In short, the UN doesn't have direct governance over international business, What is the relationship between the United Nations and international business?.
These would exist between transnational corporations and the private banks financing them that have a "lower reputational risk tolerance. July 18, The author of this Ethical Corporation piece argues that NGOs should not blame multinational firms for human rights violations but instead seek accountability from states.
However, such an argument overlooks how big companies sometimes push governments for "favorable deals" that further corporate interests. Financial Markets the Next Big Target June The UN Global Compact calls on participating corporations to embrace corporate social responsibility through its ten principles on human rights, labor standards, the environment and fighting corruption. In this interview, Executive Head Georg Kell tells Ethical Corporation that the Compact's next campaign focuses on transforming capital markets by developing tools to better prepare organizations "to manage risks and opportunities" in investment.
Critics will likely challenge the legitimacy of this initiative, as core funding will come from Compact participants.
May 8, Instead of "trumpeting" the limited success stories of responsible corporate behavior the UN should keep better tabs on corporate responsibility. The sourcing of companies' products and services from abroad makes it increasingly difficult to regulate corporate activity on a national level. Activists also argue that the UN must pay more attention to environmental issues, such as the right to water, and prevent corporations profiting from these resources.
Inter Press Service Global Business and Human Rights April 5, Since national governments regulate human rights standards, multinational corporations often abuse human rights and labor in countries with weak legislation.
Business and the United Nations
While some corporations adhere to a reasonable labor standard, others may claim to do so just as a public relations stunt intended to further corporate profits. The author calls for binding international standards to create and enforce labor standards throughout the world.
Social responsibilities should accompany their economic power. This article argues that initiatives like the United Nations "Global Compact," based on a "voluntary" approach, are not able to guarantee decent human and labor rights standards.
Instead, mandatory rules on companies could address this challenge.
UN Scandal Exposes Corruption October 29, The final report of the investigation into the Oil-For-Food program found that over 2, corporations worldwide had a role in the scandal.
A number of these corporations, which paid bribes and kickbacks to Saddam Hussein's regime, are also members of the UN Global Compact.
Making Peace Since the s, many conflicts have been brought to an end either through UN mediation or the action of third parties acting with UN support.
Research credits UN peacemaking, peacekeeping and conflict prevention activities as a major factor behind a per cent decline in conflict around the world since the s. UN preventive diplomacy and other forms of preventive action have defused many potential conflicts. In addition, 11 UN peace missions in the field address post-conflict situations and carry out peacebuilding measures. Consolidating peace The United Nations Peacebuilding Commission supports peace efforts in countries emerging from conflict.
It brings together international donors, international financial institutions, governments and troop-contributing countries, helps marshal resources, and proposes actions for peacebuilding and recovery. The United Nations Peacebuilding Fund supports projects in 22 countries by delivering fast and flexible funding. IAEA experts work to verify that safeguarded nuclear material is used only for peaceful purposes.
To date, the Agency has safeguards agreements with more than States. Landmines kill or maim thousands of civilians every year. The UN also teaches people how to stay out of harm's way, helps victims to become self-sufficient, assists countries in destroying stockpiled landmines and advocates for full international participation in treaties related to landmines.
Supporting Disarmament The United Nations pursues global disarmament and arms limitation as central to peace and security.
- 70 Ways the UN Makes A Difference
- The UN Global Compact and the United Nations
It works to reduce and eventually eliminate nuclear weapons, destroy chemical weapons, strengthen the prohibition against biological weapons, and halt the proliferation of landmines, small arms and light weapons.
UN treaties are the legal backbone of disarmament efforts: At the local level, UN peacekeepers often work to implement disarmament agreements between warring parties. In El Salvador, Sierra Leone, Liberia and elsewhere, this has entailed demobilizing combat forces as well as collecting and destroying their weapons as part of an overall peace agreement.
Combating Terrorism Governments coordinate their counter-terrorism efforts through the United Nations. Inthey adopted at the UN the first-ever global strategy to counter terrorism. UN agencies and programmes have helped countries to put in practice the global strategy, providing legal assistance and promoting international cooperation against terrorism. The UN has also put in place a legal framework to combat terrorism. Fourteen global agreements have been negotiated under UN auspices, including treaties against hostage-taking, aircraft hijacking, terrorist bombings, terrorism financing and nuclear terrorism.
Preventing genocide The United Nations brought about the first-ever treaty to combat genocide—acts committed with the intent to destroy a national, ethnical, racial or religious group. The Genocide Convention has been ratified by States, which commit to prevent and punish actions of genocide in war and in peacetime. The UN tribunals for Yugoslavia and Rwanda, as well as UN-supported courts in Cambodia, have put would-be genocide perpetrators on notice that such crimes would no longer be tolerated.
The Holocaust and the United Nations Outreach Programme seeks to remind the world of the lessons to be learnt from the Holocaust in order to help to prevent future acts of genocide. Combating Sexual Violence in Conflict Rape has increasingly been used as a weapon of war.
An estimated 60, women were raped during the civil war in Sierra Leoneup to 60, in the former Yugoslaviaup toduring the genocide in Rwandamore than 40, in Liberia and at leastin the Democratic Republic of the Congo since Sexual violence has characterized conflicts from Afghanistan to Iraq and from Somalia to Syria. Promoting Development The United Nations has devoted its attention and resources to promoting living standards and human skills and potential throughout the world.
Sincethis work has been guided by the Millennium Development Goals. Virtually all funds for UN development assistance come from contributions donated by countries. For instance, the UN Development Programme UNDPwith staff in countries, supports more than 4, projects to reduce poverty, promote good governance, address crises and preserve the environment.
The World Bank provides developing countries with loans and grants, and has supported more than 12, projects in more than countries since Currently IFAD supports more than programmes and projects in countries. All UN agencies have special programmes to benefit Africa. A global champion for women and girls, UN Women seeks to accelerate progress on meeting their needs worldwide. UN Women supports countries as they set global standards for achieving gender equality, and works with governments and civil society to design laws, policies, programmes and services needed to implement these standards.
It has laid the groundwork for investment in developing economies by promoting stability and good governance, battling corruption and urging sound economic policies and business-friendly legislation. It helps countries to manage the process of globalization smoothly and to reduce poverty.
The goal of universal food security —where people everywhere have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives—is at the heart of its work.
FAO acts as a neutral forum, where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and debate policy. FAO also helps developing countries to modernize and improve agriculture, forestry and fisheries practices in ways that conserve natural resources and improve nutrition. It has negotiated international commodity agreements to ensure fair prices for developing countries, improved the efficiency of their trade infrastructure and helped them to diversify their production and to integrate into the global economy.
Promoting Economic Reform The International Monetary Fund IMF and the World Bank have helped many countries to improve their economic management, provided temporary financial assistance to countries to help ease balance-of-payment difficulties and offered training for government finance officials.
Supporting Civil Aviation UN agencies have been responsible for setting standards for aviation and shipping. It sets standards and regulations for the safety, security, efficiency and environmental soundness of air travel. International aviation is the first industry sector with global goals of stabilizing carbon emissions at levels and achieving a 2 per cent annual increase in fuel efficiency.
ICAO has contributed to making air travel the safest mode of transportation.
Inwhen 21 million travelled by air, were killed in aircraft accidents; inthe number of deaths was out of 3. Improving Shipping The International Maritime Organization IMO has helped to make the seas cleaner and shipping—which serves about 90 per cent of global trade—safer and more secure.
IMO measures cover all aspects of international shipping—including ship design, construction, equipment, manning, operation and disposal. With the help of IMO, ship losses have fallen and fatalities decreased; pollution incidents—including total oil pollution—are down; and air pollution and pollution from sewage are being addressed.
These improvements are taking place even as the amount of cargo carried by sea continues to increase: The Convention on the Rights of the Child has become law in nearly all countries. They are the hub for much national production and consumption—economic and social processes that generate wealth and opportunity. But they also are places of disease, crime, pollution and poverty.
In many cities in developing countries, slum-dwellers number more than 50 per cent of the population and have little or no access to shelter, water and sanitation. These include providing security of tenure for the urban poor, which is in turn a catalyst for investment in housing and basic services for the poor. Providing Local Access to a Global Network The Universal Postal Union UPU facilitates the exchange of international mail and develops social, cultural and commercial communications between peoples and businesses with up-to-date postal services and products.
The world'spost offices form one of the most extensive global networks, facilitating the transfer of information, goods and money.
Business | United Nations
The Internet and new technologies have opened new opportunities for postal services, especially in the area of e-commerce and online shopping. Postal services remain a critical bridge between physical, digital and financial operations and are a key partner for global development.
Improving Global Telecommunications The International Telecommunication Union ITU brings together Governments and industry to develop and coordinate the operation of global telecommunication networks and services. It has coordinated shared use of the radio spectrum, promoted international cooperation in assigning satellite orbits, worked to improve telecommunication infrastructure in the developing world and negotiated the global standards that ensure the seamless interconnection of a vast range of communications systems.
From broadband Internet to the latest-generation wireless technologies, from air and sea navigation to radio astronomy and satellite-based meteorology, from phone services to TV broadcasting and next-generation networks, ITU is committed to connecting the world. Promoting responsible tourism International tourism arrivals reached 1.
Here you can submit projects involving the UN, explore projects, join in collective action and offer resources in support of UN programmes. You can also learn how to join the UN Global Compact. UN Global Compact The United Nations Global Compact is a call to companies everywhere to voluntarily align their operations and strategies with ten universally accepted principles in the areas of human rights, labour, environment and anti-corruption, and to take action in support of UN goals and issues.
The UN Global Compact is a leadership platform for the development, implementation and disclosure of responsible corporate policies and practices. Launched init is largest corporate sustainability initiative in the world, with over 8, companies and 4, non-business signatories based in countries. The United Nations represents a global market of over USD 15 billion annually for all types of products and services.
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