BBC - Religions - Judaism: The First Covenant
John And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent. Exploring the implications for theology and bible interpretation based on Abraham's relationship and covenant partnership with God. This was not Abraham's assessment of his relationship with God, nor how he thought about God. It was a statement that God made about Abraham. James was.
What is the issue in response to this initial call? Here are a couple of issues in response to this initial call: Abraham had his immediate and extended family that must move. He does not own the land he was moving to and did not appear to have the ability to purchase it.
The land was already occupied. Because the land God had promised to Abraham was already occupied, it could have become apparent to Abraham that the land was not promised to him, but to his seed.
What is clarified in what God has promised?
Why was Abraham called "the Friend of God"? (No. 35)
However, in Genesis And through that son, many people would be born v. Furthermore, not only would Abraham have an heir, but he would have descendants as numerous as the stars.Whiteboard Bible 2 - Abraham
Because of this, all of the blessings God could give to Abraham would feel worthless if they all went to a servant instead of a traditional family heir. It seemed to trouble Abraham that he did not have a son. The object is that God said in Genesis It is apparent that Abraham might have been confused. Abraham simply believed the Lord.
- The Faith of Abraham
- How Abraham received a right relationship with God
- The First Covenant
And, in a way, there was nothing that Abraham could have done. Only God could control and determine if and when a son would be born. It would have been easy for Abraham to begin to think that God had changed His mind about His promise to provide a son. What are the terms of the covenant agreement?
There does not appear to be any terms of the covenant agreements. However, Abraham presented a sacrifice as part of the covenant, but the sacrifice did not appear to be something offered in order that the covenant would be fulfilled.
Instead, it appears to be something he did in reverence to God. No requirements were placed on Abraham as part of this covenant. Two verses in chapter 15 lead the reader to see that there were no covenant agreements placed on Abraham: The only term of this covenant was that Abraham needed to accept it and be sure that he occupied the land that God had given to him. Why is it unilateral? The covenant was unilateral because God gave nothing in response that Abraham had to do.
There was not a reciprocal act that Abraham had to do in order to fulfill the terms of the covenant. God did not require or even allow Abraham to participate in the sacrifice with Him, therefore signifying that the covenant was unconditional and unilateral.
Why is it unconditional? The covenant was unconditional because there was no explicit warning of what not to do or explicit command to do anything. As has already been shared, Abraham was a passive recipient of the promise God had provided to him. The covenant being unconditional was also true for the descendants of Abraham who would be enslaved for years as foreigners. Nothing was told by God that these foreigners had to do anything.
When looking at the biblical story from Genesis chaptersit appears that this covenant might have been unconditional because God knew that if it was a conditional covenant, it would not have been fulfilled. Because God needed to send his Son to die for the sins of His people, He might have decided not to make this covenant conditional because Jesus needed to come, therefore the covenant was not conditional.
What does inheritance include? In a general use of the word, inheritance includes stewardship.
It means that you have to maintain what you have been given. You have to defend it and fight off others who might try to steal it. This land was already occupied by more than 10 nations. Because the land was inhabited by ten nations, there must have been a large amount of land which Abraham was promised and it must have been discouraging to know that what was promised was occupied by so many people.
More specifically, it was the faith of Abraham that God would fulfill the promise originally promised in Genesis Did Abraham really trust to God what God had entrusted to him?
Abraham’s Relationship and Covenant Partnership with God
Prior to this, Abraham had trusted God and allowed God to bless him. Made on top of the mountain. Used for the burnt offering to ignite what had been sacrificed. Was the item used to burn what was to be burnt as a sacrifice. Used to kill the sacrifice before it would be burnt. Was what God originally said would be used for the sacrifice for God, not to God.
It doesn't matter whether the stories are true or not. They acknowledge that Abraham was the first person to recognise and worship the one God. And so, monotheism was born. At the beginning of Genesis chapter 12, God asked Abram to leave his home and country and he makes Abram three promises: I will make you a great nation And I will bless you; I will make your name great, And you will be a blessing I will bless those who bless you, And whoever curses you I will curse; And all the peoples of the earth Will be blessed through you Genesis They will have to leave their homeland and they don't even know who this God is!
They seem to be an almost impossible set of promises for God to keep. But the amazing fact about Abram is that he does what he is asked.
There are no signs or miracles; he has no scriptures or traditions on which to draw, so Abram has to place his trust in this nameless God. Consequently, Abram has gone down in history as a man of tremendous faith.
As a result of his obedience, God changes his name to Abraham, meaning 'father of the people'. The ultimate test of Abraham's obedience, however, comes in Genesis 22 when he is asked to sacrifice his son by Sarah - Isaac. God had promised that Abraham's descendents would come through Isaac, so the level of faith he displays is quite astonishing. Abraham trusts God and takes his son, as directed, up a mountain. At the very last minute, God intervenes and spares Isaac's life by providing another animal a ram for sacrifice.
The test is complete and God once more reiterates his promises to Abraham of land, descendents and a personal relationship. According to the Bible, Abraham is humanity's last chance to establish a relationship with God. At the beginning of the Bible in the creation narratives, Adam and Eve set in train a pattern of disobedience to God's commands which takes root.