How Does Art Affect Culture and Society? - Masterpiece Mixers
The Philippines is commonly referred to as a melting pot of western and eastern cultures. The traditional culture of the Literature And Arts. "Culture of the Philippines". cypenv.info Jochi pork cypenv.info Philippine cuisine portal · Flag of the cypenv.info The arts of the Philippines reflect a society with diverse cultural influences and traditions. The Malayan A variety of new literary journals began to be published .
Over the years, however, the Philippine film industry has registered a steady decline in movie viewership from million in to 63 million in Filipino cuisine La Paz Batchoy is a noodle soup made with pork organs, crushed pork cracklings, chicken stock and beef loin. Filipinos cook a variety of foods influenced by of main IndianChineseinfluences indigenous ingredients. Eating out is a favorite Filipino pastime. A typical Pinoy diet consists at most of six meals a day; breakfast, snacks, lunch, snacks, dinner, and again a midnight snack before going to sleep.
Rice is a staple in the Filipino diet, and is usually eaten together with other dishes.
Filipinos regularly use spoons together with forks and knives. Some also eat with their hands, especially in informal settings, and also Filipinos use chopsticks when eating seafood.
Other popular dishes brought from Southeast Asianand Spanish influences include afritada, asadochorizoempanadasmani roasted peanutspaksiw fish or pork, cooked in vinegar and water with some spices like garlic and pepperpan de sal bread of saltpescado frito fried or grilled fishsisigtorta omelettekare-kare ox-tail stewkilawen, pinakbet vegetable stewpinapaitan, and sinigang tamarind soup with a variety of pork, fish, or prawns.
Some delicacies eaten by some Filipinos may seem unappetizing to the Western palate include balut boiled egg with a fertilized duckling insidelonganisa sweet sausageand dinuguan soup made from pork blood.
Popular snacks and desserts such as chicharon deep fried pork or chicken skinhalo-halo crushed ice with evaporated milkflan, sliced tropical fruitand sweet beansputo white rice cakesbibingka rice cake with butter or margarine and salted eggsensaymada sweet roll with grated cheese on toppolvoron powder candyand tsokolate chocolate are usually eaten outside the three main meals.
Every province has its own specialty and tastes vary in each region.
Art of the Philippines
In Bicolfor example, foods are generally spicier than elsewhere in the Philippines. Patis fish saucesuka vinegartoyo soy saucebagoongand banana ketchup are the most common condiments found in Filipino homes and restaurants. This implies that there will be no special venues or spaces for art because it virtually exists wherever and whenever there is human activity.
Equality of opportunity for participation in the artistic, creative process; there are relatively no superstars, for the source of power is not the individual, who is only a channel of divine inspiration or creativity.
Art of the Philippines - Wikipedia
Thus, the author or creator is often anonymous. The artist is not separate from his audience or society, comunal participation is the norm. Everybody is expected to be an artist and participate in creative, expressive activities. Flexibility of material, technical, and formal requirements. No rigid or fixed standards dictate the choice of materials, techniques, and forms for artistic creation and expression, e. Such flexibility ensures a wider participation of people in artistic activity. Use of available resources for artistic creation.
Art is not synonymous with big production costs because what matters is artistic excellence or the creative idea as well as making art part of everyday life. Thus, the least expensive mediums, e. And even the most practical objects like a coconut grater, container, knife handle, tree stump, mat, or hat can become a medium for the finest art. Emphasis on the creative process rather than the finished product, endowing extemporaneous, improvisatory or spontaneous expressions of creativity a higher value than deliberate, often solitary, conceptualization and composition of forms.
This valuing of process rather than product nurtures creative health and can inhibit mere idolizing of masterpieces and obsession with permanence Simultaneity of conception and realization. Affirmation of the creative imagination through the tradition of instant mirroring or biofeedback, which, together with emphasis on the creative process, provides an excellent condition for communal participation.
As the Philippines became more Westernized towards the latter part of the 19th century because of exposure to European liberal and secular ideas, particularly in the urban centers, these contexts were replaced by their exact opposite. Artistic creation becomes highly specialistic, separate from everyday life, an assertion of the individual ego, and driven by commercial success.
It becomes a medium for technical virtuosity, sensory impacts, entertainment, and highly materialistic values. Art loses its magical, mythical and spiritual qualities. The Filipino cultural substratum, however, does not succumb that easily to foreign influences no matter how dominant. The cultural matrix of Philippine art remains communal except among Filipino artists thoroughly educated in the West.
Hence, contemporary artists in the Philippines — even those schooled in Western classical-romantic, realist, impressionist, post-impressionist, cubistic, surrealist, expressionistic, abstractionist, constructivist, photorealist, pop-op, avant-garde or post-modern thought — will exhibit formal tendencies clearly rooted in traditional art. Western influences on Philippine art constitute some kind of a thin veneer or mask that disguises indigenous qualities rooted in the communal tradition.
Unlike twentieth century cubism which fragments and dissects objects, Filipino art turns to various techniques for presenting many sides or views of the object precisely for the purpose of preserving its wholeness and articulating its nature. The omniscient perspective of communal art reveals a keen interest in depicting the object as we know it rather than as we see it. As a rule, the broadest sides are tilted towards us for greatest recognizability of the object.
Objects most easily identifiable from the top view are portrayed from this vantage point, such as the table, plates, stove and slippers. Those that are more intelligible from a frontal or lateral orientation are depicted accordingly, such as the bottle, human figures and the cat. Other contemporary artists notable for relying on the broadest aspect technique are Antonio Austria and Manuel Baldemor.
An intimate knowledge of reality, such as may be obtained from a multi-view approach is impossible to achieve with the camera. This machine can only depict one view at a time, and hence can only present to us the surface, never the essence of reality.
The reason for this, perhaps, is that single or one-view perspective is a fitting metaphor for the highly individualistic philosophy that pervades Western, especially American, culture up to the present time.
This is not to gainsay, however, the great strides in the West towards a non-mechanistic world view since the advent of Cezanne and the post-impressionists. In fact, the major movements of twentieth century art in Europe implicitly question the philosophy of mechanistic materialsm. Cultural life Cultural milieu Philippine society is a unique blend of diversity and homogeneity. Although geographically part of Southeast Asiathe country is culturally strongly Euro-American. Forces of assimilation have constantly worked to overcome cultural differences between the various ethnic groups that are scattered—sometimes in relative isolation—throughout the archipelago.
In Focus: Philippine Arts in Context
Nearly four centuries of Western rule, however, have left an indelible imprint on the Philippines, serving as a conduit for the introduction of Western culture and as the catalyst for the emergence of a sense of Philippine political and cultural unity.
While the Christian churches built by the Spanish and the mosques built by the Muslims provided a spiritual anchor, the educational system established by the United States and expanded by the Filipinos has become emblematic of cultural unity and socioeconomic progress. Nonetheless, through the persistence of strong family ties, the revival of the barangay as the smallest unit of government, increased attention to Asian history and literature, and subsequent revival of dormant traditions, the Philippines has strengthened its Asian heritage without abandoning its Western cultural acquisitions.
Daily life and social customs Life in the Philippines generally revolves around the extended familyincluding parents, grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins up to several times removedand other relatives. For Catholic families, godparents—those to whom care of children is entrusted should the parents die or otherwise be incapacitated—also figure prominently in the kinship network.
Members of extended families typically gather for major life events such as baptisms and confirmations for Catholic Filipinoscircumcisions for Muslim Filipinosand marriages, as well as for major religious and other national holidays. Among the religious holidays officially observed in the Philippines are Christmas and Easter, as well as Eid al-Fitrwhich marks the end of the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan.
Whether festival fare or everyday food, major meals in most Filipino societies are built around boiled or steamed rice or rice noodles. Small amounts of meat, including chicken, pork in non-Muslim communitiesgoat, or fish complement the rice or noodle core, along with an assortment of fruits and cooked vegetables.
Assorted alcoholic drinks are made from coconut sap, sugarcane, and rice. Balut, a parboiled embryonic duck still in the egg, is a popular street food in the Manila area. Although slacks, shirts, skirts, and dresses based on European designs are common throughout the Philippines, some garments are unique to particular groups or regions.