What is the difference between tactics and techniques? - cypenv.info Specialties
There are various individual skills and team tactics needed to play effective football. Football is .. Football coaches and technical manuals such as Soccer Skills and tactics, and The Soccer Coaching Bible, often . the "give and go" and other local names, is among the simplest yet most powerful team techniques in football. (Analyses of Procedural Tactical Knowledge in Soccer). Afterwards scores were ranked with and without the use of the cluster method. You need to learn to walk before you can run. Learning good soccer technique takes precedence to learning soccer tactics at Skyline Soccer Association.
This tactic is rarely seen, however, since the likelihood of the ball being saved and then falling into the path of the attacking player is small. A particular tactic that can be used by the goalkeeper involves trying to distract the penalty taker by drawing his concentration away from striking the ball cleanly. Such tactics normally involve moving one's body, or body parts, in an extravagant manner, or through verbal comments.
Others rely on a "collapsing" style, that falls back deep into its own half when the opponent is in possession of the ball. The "forward" policy can put immense physical and psychological pressure on opponents, and is aimed at slowing down or breaking up attacks early.
It has more physical demands however, and may spread a defensive formation more thinly. The "collapsing" approach is more economical in physical demand, and provides a packed back zone to thwart attacks.
However it sometimes creates large gaps in midfield, and invites the opposing team to dribble forward and to take shots from long range; if the opposing team is good at the two aforementioned skills then goals will be conceded freely.
Defending with the ball[ edit ] Clearing is when the player in possession of the ball is pressed hard, often near his own goal, and chooses to shoot the ball away with low precision simply in order to get out of a dangerous situation. When opponent pressure is extremely high, the ball is often cleared to a corner kick or to a throw-in.
Clearing long, but into opponent control, may give the defence time and the opportunity to organise, including setting up the correct formation and pressure height. If the attack was high up the field, such as in or near the penalty areadefenders will thus quickly push out, and attackers will then be forced to retreat in order to avoid offside in the next move.
Clearing may be combined with an attempt to hit a long pass or a long through ball. Players high up in the field who are pressed hard, and who are eager to avoid a counter-attack, may in some instances combine clearing with a shot.
A team composed of good passers and mobile players with good positioning skills may more often try to avoid clearing, as their skills make it easier to make shorter passes and thus retaining possession until they get out of a difficult situation. Retaining possession in this way may also be regarded as a longer-term way of defending, as the opposing team cannot attack when they don't have the ball. With the ball, the team applying this tactic can simply pass the ball between each other - as in the possession football style, but with little or no intention of building up an attack, thus decreasing the risk of a break.
The major benefits of this tactic is that the team is in complete control over its opponents. Meanwhile, by knocking the ball around, opponents playing the pressing game can easily tire.
And should an opportunity suddenly arise, defence may be quickly switched to attack.
A major downfall is that because the accuracy of passes needs to be high, short passes between the players are required. This significantly narrows the gap between the attack, midfield and defence usually, the latter is forced to push up. So if the opponent gains possession, a long ball could effectively open up the defence. Similarly, if it is the attack and midfield that need to drop back, the team will have little chances of counter-attacking even if possession is won back.
Notable examples[ edit ] Football coaches and technical manuals such as Soccer Skills and tactics,  and The Soccer Coaching Bible,  often use visual symbols and diagrams to demonstrate the principles described above, and to link principles to historical games. The following examples combine technical coaching observations with championship play descriptions at the World Cup level as in Brian Glanville's World Cup, Combined team play using width and depth: Brazil vs Italy, Final[ edit ] Beating a defence using width and depth.
Astute use of the principles of width and depth led to the final goal of the World Cupconsidered by many to be the best combined team effort in Cup history.
Technical, Tactical and Psychological Preparation (non-fitness components of sports training)
Almost all the players of Brazil touched the ball in this effort that penetrated one of the tightest defences ever seen, the famous Italian catenaccio "padlock" defence. The Italians used four defenders, plus a sweeper, Pierluigi Cerabehind the "back four. This tight system however involved a "collapsing" approach that while packing the Italian penalty area and denying the Brazilian forwards much space, left relatively large gaps in midfield.
See "Standing Off" defensive discussion above. Brazil's superb skills exploited this weakness, showing especially that any defence whether man to man, zone or other variants can be beaten using the principles of both width and depth. The weakness of the man to man system was also exposed. Italian left back Giacinto Facchetti dedicated himself to winger Jairzinhoshadowing him tightly wherever he went. Jairzinho cunningly moved off the right flank, opening gaps for others to follow as can be seen below.
See "Switching the attack" and "Swapping wing men" above for discussion of this aspect of offensive tactics. Italian defence pulled left in quick sequence. Brazilian midfielder Clodoaldo began the move with a weaving dribble out to the left flank, that beat three men and essentially pulled the Italian defence in that direction.
A fatal gap was thus eventually opened up for the run of fullback Carlos Alberto Torres on the right. Clodoaldo eased the ball to the Rivelino moving up on the left.
Rivellino quickly played the ball forward to Jairzinho, who crossed the field to appear on the left flank. Movement in center "freezes" Italian defence. Almost without pause the powerful Jairzinho began a weaving run. Facchetti played Jairzinho well, backing off the ball, and squeezing him inside where it was more crowded. Good defenders will "channel" see discussion above an attacker into areas with less space.
Soccer Thoughts: Tactics v. Technique: Are Americans too tactical?
So far, all seemed safe for Italy. Facchetti covered well, as did the other Italian defenders. There were two extra men as insurance in the back as Jairzinho began his run. Depth is also a principle of defence, and the sweeper system or other arrangements provides such. Younger players should note the movement off the ball by Brazil. Overlapping defender exploits principle of depth to cap the move. For the Italian defence, there was still no cause for undue alarm.
Pele played the ball well ahead of Alberto, using space intelligently, so that the fast fullback ran on and shot without pausing, in full stride, smashing the ball into the Italian net.
So effective was Brazil's use of width, that no Italian defender is even within reasonable striking distance of Alberto until the last moment. The principle of width stretched and drew the Italian defence. The principle of depth—fresh men moving up from the rear—allowed Brazil to exploit the gaps created by width.
Penetration and envelopment in attack: To the footballer, the penetration pass is one of the first methods learned in attack, whether it be the simple "kick and chase" of the youth leagues, or the exquisite through-balls by today's world class stars. Penetration by pass is the quickest method of advancing the ball towards the enemy goal. When well executed, it can yield spectacular results. Penetration in attack however requires more than mere passing.
Players without the ball must move into space, and must time their runs so as not to be caught offside. Attacking an opposing side from the flanks using crosses from the wings is among the oldest and most effective football tactics.
An attack from the flanks uses width to stretch an opposing defence creating gaps in the goal area to be exploited. While the direction of the lateral cross is not as straightforward as the through-ball, both types of passes serve to split an enemy defence, in view of striking at the vital central area of the goal.
This example, the legendary confrontation between keeper Gordon Banks of England and Pele of Brazil, captures the two types of attack in one snapshot. It also serves to illustrate the difficulties in defending against both types of passes. Two pass types - one great defensive save. The powerful running of Brazil's right winger Jairzinho set the stage, with initial direction by captain Carlos Alberto.
Sprinting down the flank, Jairzinho pounced on an excellent through pass from Alberto, accelerated past Cooper the English back, and lofted a high arcing cross to Pele in the centre. Pele headed down powerfully and was already raising his arms in triumph when Banks leaped to his right "like a salmon over a fall" Pele said later, and somehow flailed the bouncing ball over the crossbar, saving a sure goal. The Brazilian forward said it was the greatest save he had ever seen, and many would agree.
Offensively, this play demonstrates how both types of passes can divide and stretch a defence. Offside traps are one way to defend against both pass types, but the ultimate solution is defensive depth and sound goalkeeping.Coaching The Modern 4-2-3-1 Soccer Formation: Tactical Essentials & Training Sessions
The two-man combination[ edit ] Using the two-man combination. The 2-man combination pass, variously called the wall pass, the "one-two", the "give and go" and other local names, is among the simplest yet most powerful team techniques in football.
It requires a fair level of individual skill to pull off, yet this should not stop coaches from introducing it early in the higher youth leagues, nor should players from these leagues neglect it in favour of the all too easy "kick and chase". There are two ways to execute it: In tight conditions, the first method is better, while the second can be used where there is a bit more space to operate. Power of the two-man combination: Netherlands vs Brazil, Simple as it is, the 2-man move can penetrate the teeth of the densest, most negative opposition.
Peru brought it to a high art on the World Cup stage inunder their coach DidiBrazil's former midfield general of and Time after time Peruvian forwards like Cubillas, Gallardo, and Sotil put a central combination on the floor that sliced through the opposition and created countless dangerous situations.
The Dutch team of were also disciples of the two-man combination. The diagram here shows the first Dutch goal in the game that crushed Brazil's repeat championship hopes - product of an exchange between Johan Neeskens and Johan Cruyff. A two-man move also set up the second goal for Cruyff in the game.
Contrast with the "hand" of Diego Maradona below. Potential of the two-man combination: Maradona's " Hand of God " goal — The example shown below, the first goal of Diego Maradona against England inis used to illustrate the potential of the move.
Argentina utilised it frequently, being ideally suited to their crisp, quick, short passing style. As he had often done during the game, Maradona initiated the sequence with a quick dribbling run into the packed central area. Surrounded, he began a 2-man combo pass - slipping the ball to Jorge Valdano on the right, and then moving up for the reply. Valdano pivoted and attempted to return, but conditions were too tight. Hodge, the English midfielder, intercepted and rather dangerously, attempted to tap the ball back to his keeper, Shilton.
The rest is well known. Maradona and Shilton raced towards the floating ball, which connected with Maradona's hand the so-called "Hand of God" goalpast Shilton, into the goal. While much controversy still surrounds the goal, Maradona's run illustrates how even the tightest conditions can be pried open with the two-man exchange.
It also illustrates how the simple two-man combination can create countless dangerous situations and force opponents into making errors. The three-man move[ edit ] Effectiveness of three-man strike teams. So, for starters, let me set out some definitions.
When I refer to tactics, I am talking not about how to pass, but where to pass. Technique covers how to perform various passes, dribbles, traps, runs, etc.
To me, tactics are about the when and technique is about the how. If you watch trainers work with kids, some will spend more time on technique while others are more tactical in their sessions. I think I am somewhere in between.
Association football tactics and skills - Wikipedia
I pitted them against each other in the title to this entry because, from what I have seen, many of our parent coaches have overemphasized tactics result at a young age rather than technique player development.
Tactics, in a U9 game, may mean keeping your best goalie at goalie all game to ensure the victory. While he or she will gain valuable experience between the pipes, if treated like that regularly, will be prevented from growth in other areas.
Soccer is like everything else -- you best learn the technical stuff early because the older we get, the harder we are to teach or un-teach bad habits.
So, between the ages of kids are primed to learn correct muscle memory. Another typical example is having a fast kid as forward coupled with a strong defender instructed to send the ball up long balls.
The tactics in this situation maximizing scoring but marginalizes technical improvement. So, while playing a long ball up front may make it more likely that your team scores a goal with a given forward, it deemphasizes important aspects of technical improvement, like ball control and dribbling, that need to be developed at young ages.
Or how about when a boy or girl who is relegated to one position every year from age It may be that a child has a talent to play fullback, but if he is not given opportunities to play in the middle or up front then his growth in the game will be limited by his experience. It may be that playing a certain kid at fullback gives your team the best chance of winning an under 9 game, but how will that help the player later on? A couple of our soccer authorities have weighed in on the issue.
Important soccer skills to master include ball control, passing, dribbling, shooting and defending. Tactical awareness involves the ability to know your role and have positional awareness on the field, and possessing the ability to make good decisions.
How to Acquire Skills The fundamental skills of soccer are vital to the development of a soccer player. You must have the ability to trap the ball and keep possession for your team to be effective during a competitive game. A high level of repetition is the best way to learn fundamental soccer skills. Soccer skills should be practiced initially under no defensive pressure, with the coach focusing on correct technique.