Thutmose III - Wikipedia
Thutmose I was the third pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of Egypt. He received the throne after the death of the previous king, Amenhotep I. During his reign. Thutmose III was the sixth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty. Officially, Thutmose III ruled Egypt for almost 54 years and his reign is usually dated from 24 April. Daggers of Tutankhamun Assassin's Creed Wiki · 5 Best Anime Heroes of FANDOM · Thutmose III Military Wiki · Watch the Patriots and Steelers Face Off in .
His Majesty commanded to dig this canal after he found it stopped up with stones [so that] no [ship sailed upon it]; Year 3, first month of the third season, day His Majesty sailed this canal in victory and in the power of his return from overthrowing the wretched Kush.
Although it has not been found in modern times, he apparently set up a stele when he crossed the Euphrates River.
What relationship was Tutankhamun to Tuthmosis III?
However, after he returned, they discontinued tribute and began fortifying against future incursions. Thus the river became known in Egypt as simply, "inverted water. Thutmose had the fifth pylon built along the temple's main road, along with a wall to run around the inner sanctuary and two flagpoles to flank the gateway.
This type of structure was common in ancient Egyptian temples, and supposedly represents a papyrus marsh, an Egyptian symbol of creation. In it was found a yellow quartzite sarcophagus bearing the name of Thutmose I.
The beautifully carved sarcophagus of Hatshepsut "was discovered open with no sign of a body, and with the lid lying discarded on the floor;" it is now housed in the Cairo Museum along with a matching yellow quartzite canopic chest.
Davisthe excavation's financial sponsor as a gesture of appreciation for his generous financial support. The second quartzite sarcophagus had originally been engraved with the name of "the King of Upper and Lower Egypt, Maatkare Hatshepsut.
May she live forever! Thutmose III, Hatshepsut's successor, decided to reinter his grandfather in an even more magnificent tomb, KV38which featured another yellow sarcophagus dedicated to Thutmose I and inscribed with texts which proclaimed this pharaoh's love for his deceased grandfather. The original coffin of Thutmose I was taken over and re-used by a later pharaoh of the 21st dynasty. The mummy of Thutmose I was thought to be lost, but Egyptologist Gaston Masperolargely on the strength of familial resemblance to the mummies of Thutmose II and Thutmose III, believed he had found his mummy in the otherwise unlabelled mummy Thutmose III was able to conquer such a large number of lands because of the revolution and improvement in military weapons.
When the Hyksos invaded and took over Egypt with more advanced weapons, such as horse-drawn chariots, the people of Egypt learned to use these weapons. Thutmose III encountered little resistance from neighbouring kingdoms, allowing him to expand his realm of influence easily.
His army also carried boats on dry land. These campaigns are inscribed on the inner wall of the great chamber housing the "holy of holies" at the Karnak Temple of Amun. These inscriptions give the most detailed and accurate account of any Egyptian king. Relief on the seventh pylon in Karnak. When Hatshepsut died on the 10th day of the sixth month of Thutmose III's 21st year, according to information from a single stela from Armantthe king of Kadesh advanced his army to Megiddo. Thutmose marched his troops through the coastal plain as far as Jamniathen inland to Yehem, a small city near Megiddo, which he reached in the middle of the ninth month of the same year.
A ridge of mountains jutting inland from Mount Carmel stood between Thutmose and Megiddo and he had three potential routes to take. After victory in battle, his troops stopped to plunder the enemy and the enemy was able to escape into Megiddo. By taking Megiddo, Thutmose gained control of all of northern Canaan and the Syrian princes were obligated to send tribute and their own sons as hostages to Egypt. Tours of Canaan and Syria[ edit ] Annals of Thutmose III at Karnak depicting him standing before the offerings made to him after his foreign campaigns.
Thutmose's second, third and fourth campaigns appear to have been nothing more than tours of Syria and Canaan to collect tribute. If so, no records of this campaign have been found.
What relationship was Tutankhamen to tuthmosis III
A survey was made of the animals and plants he found in Canaan, which was illustrated on the walls of a special room at Karnak. In Thutmose's 29th year, he began his fifth campaign, where he first took an unknown city the name falls in a lacuna which had been garrisoned by Tunip.
Unlike previous plundering raids, Thutmose III garrisoned the area known as Djahywhich is probably a reference to southern Syria. Although there is no direct evidence for it, it is for this reason that some have supposed that Thutmose's sixth campaign, in his thirtieth year, commenced with a naval transportation of troops directly to Byblosbypassing Canaan entirely.
The cities in Syria were not guided by the popular sentiment of the people so much as they were by the small number of nobles who were aligned to Mitanni: Thutmose III found that by taking family members of these key people to Egypt as hostages, he could drastically increase their loyalty to him.
With their economies in ruins, they had no means of funding a rebellion. However, to reach Mitanni, he had to cross the Euphrates River.
He sailed directly to Byblos  and made boats which he took with him over land on what appeared to otherwise be just another tour of Syria,  and he proceeded with the usual raiding and pillaging as he moved north through the lands he had already taken. During this period of no opposition, Thutmose put up a second stele commemorating his crossing of the Euphrates next to the stele his grandfather, Thutmose I, had put up several decades earlier.
A militia was raised to fight the invaders, but it fared very poorly. The move from Egypt to Rome was initiated by Constantine the Great Roman Emperor, — inthough he died before it could be shipped out of Alexandria. His son, the Emperor Constantius II completed the transfer in An account of the shipment was written by contemporary historian Ammianus Marcellinus.
Thutmose III returned to Syria for his ninth campaign in his 34th year, but this appears to have been just a raid of the area called Nukhashshea region populated by semi-nomadic people. By Thutmose's 35th year, the king of Mitanni had raised a large army and engaged the Egyptians around Aleppo.
As usual for any Egyptian king, Thutmose boasted a total crushing victory, but this statement is suspect due to the very small amount of plunder taken. The location of this campaign is impossible to determine since the Shasu were nomads who could have lived anywhere from Lebanon to the Transjordan to Edom. In his 40th year, tribute was collected from foreign powers, but it is unknown if this was considered a campaign i.Planet Egypt - Pharaohs at War (Thutmose III.)
Sometime before Thutmose's 42nd year, Mitanni apparently began spreading revolt among all the major cities in Syria. Thutmose moved his troops by land up the coastal road and put down rebellions in the Arka plain "Arkantu" in Thutmose's chronicle and moved on Tunip. He engaged and destroyed three surrounding Mitannian garrisons and returned to Egypt in victory.
He attacked Nubia, but only went so far as the fourth cataract of the Nile. Although no king of Egypt had ever penetrated so far with an army, previous kings' campaigns had spread Egyptian culture that far already, and the earliest Egyptian document found at Gebel Barkal dates from three years before Thutmose's campaign.
His reign was also a period of great stylistic changes in the sculpture, paintings and reliefs associated with construction, much of it beginning during the reign of Hatshepsut. A crown from Menhet, Menwi and Merti 's tomb. Glass making advanced during the reign of Thutmose III and this cup bears his name. Thutmose's architects and artisans showed great continuity with the formal style of previous kings, but several developments set him apart from his predecessors.
He built Egypt's only known set of heraldic pillars, two large columns standing alone instead of being part of a set supporting the roof. His jubilee hall was also revolutionary and is arguably the earliest known building created in the basilica style. In the Iput-isut, the temple proper in the center, he rebuilt the hypostyle hall of his grandfather Thutmose Idismantled the red chapel of Hatshepsut, built Pylon VI, a shrine for the bark of Amun in its place, and built an antechamber in front of it, the ceiling of which was supported by his heraldic pillars.
He built a temenos wall around the central chapel containing smaller chapels, along with workshops and storerooms.
East of the main sanctuary, he built a jubilee hall in which to celebrate his Sed festival. The main hall was built in basilica style with rows of pillars supporting the ceiling on each side of the aisle. The central two rows were higher than the others to create windows where the ceiling was split. It was not, however, erected until Thutmose IV raised it  35 years later.
Thutmose also undertook building projects to the south of the main temple between the sanctuary of Amun and the temple of Mut.